Ch. 12 Cross Cultural Exchanges on the Silk Roads by malj

VIEWS: 29 PAGES: 8

									Ch. 12 Cros
            s Cultural
Exchanges o
            n the Silk
       Roads
                              Silk
                             Roads

Started by large
Empires (ex. Roman,                                     EAST
Han, Kushan)                     WEST


                                                        Asia, India, China
                          Mediterranean area
                          & Roman Empire


                                                      Exported spices, fruits
                                                      silks
                      EXPORTED: glassware
                      Jewels, art, decorative items
                                  Religions              Provided rational
                                                         Explanation of
                                  on the Silk            Good vs. evil            High ethical
                                    Roads                                         standards

                                                                                 Manichaeism
                            Merchants, missionaries, & others
                          took advantage of the roads to spread    Started by Mani Dualism
                                      their beliefs

      Christianity
                         Buddhism                                              Light     Dark
                                                      Hinduism
Mediterranean
              SW Asia Merchants   Iran, C & SE
Basin                                             Merchants SE Asia     Spiritual
                                  Asia, & China                                         Material
                                                  & Mariners (Vietnam &
                                                             Cambodia)                  World

Missionaries     Very Devout,
                 Strict
                                                            Effected culture
Paul of   Gregory                                           (ex. Rajas)
Tarsus    The Wonderworker
                           Epidemic
                            Disease

                      Small pox, measles,
                       bubonic plague


             Han Dynasty             Roman Empire


Population
decline                                         Population decline in 2nd
In 400ce               Economic                 Century C.E.
                       And Social Change



                       Trade declined &
                       Became regional
                                            China after
                                               Han

  Cultural Change                           Epidemic Disease                     Political Problems


Confucian                                                         Lost ability       Factions
Tradition     Nomads migrated               Population declined   To maintain        within       Land
Lost          Into China                                          order              ranks        holdings
credibility                                                                          (marriage
                              Took up                                                alliances)
              Took            Agriculture
              Chinese Married & settled                            Central gov’t
              names Chinese                                        dissolves
                      spouses


Left Confucianism toward
Buddhism & Daoism                                                 Generals ruled
                                                                  regions


Attracted by        Becomes more
migrants            religious than
already familiar    philosophical
w/it from India
                                                                          Rome didn’t            Byzantine on the East
                                              The Fall of the             Entirely fall
                                              Roman Empire
                                                                                         External Threats
                                                                   Intermittent
     Barracks           Internal
                         Decay
                                                                   Hostilities
     Emperors                                                      w/Sasanids Visigoths
                                                                                               Huns
                                                                                (Scandi-              Possble
26 Generals      Diocletian        Constantine
                                                                                navia & Ru-           Cousins
                                                                                ssia)                 Of Xiogn
Died Violently   Divide Rome         Son of Co-ruler                                          Attila
                 East & West                                                              Warrior king
                                                                    Adopted many
                                                                                                           Threatened
      Anatolia, Syria      Gaul, Spain    New capital               Roman cultures                         others
      Egypt & Greece       Britain        Constantinople                       Agriculture
                           N. Africa                            army laws Christianity                   Forced to
                                                                                                         Move into
                                         Reunited Eastern                                                Roman
         Four Official Tetrarchs         & Western Rome                                                  Boundaries


                                         Still faced external
                                         threats                                                   Moved around
           Stabilize Economy                                                                       at will
                                              Cultural Change in                                           Institutional
       Christianity                            Roman Empire                                                   Church


Prominent Constantine Theodosius              St. Augustine           New                         Hierarchy
survivor of                                                        Testament
Rome                      Official Religion                                        Had more       Pope & Patriarchs
           Converted                        Bishop of Hippo in                     power
           To Christianity                  Africa               Under Roman                        Bishops
Became                 Edict of Milan                            turmoil officials
legitimate                                Converted to           wanted to         Claim to Took care
                                                                                                of diocese
religion                                  Christianity           standardize       be the
                                                                                   descendant           Disputes
                                                                 teachings                              Arise, de-
                                                                                   of St. Peter
             Allowed Christianity       Made Christianity                                               cide official
             in Rome openly             intellectually           After several                          doctrine
                                        respectable against      debates
                                        other philosophies                         Became spiritual
                                        & religions                                leader of
                                                                                   Christian                    Council of
                                                                 4th c.-27 short community
                                                                                                                Nicea and
                                                                 writings were
                                        Helped change a                                                         Chalcedon
                                                                 recognized as
                                        religion to a
                                                                 authoritative
                                        church                                                      Discuss Jesus’
                                                                                                    nature

                                                                                        Both human
                                                                 New Testament          & divine   Christianity survives
                                                                                                       Imperial authority
                                                                                                       & will serve a cultural
                                                                                                       Unification from many
                                                                                                       lands
          Inquiry Questions
     (4-5 sentence response per
              question)
0 In what ways did the network of trade routes called the
  silk roads make life during the classical era significantly
  different from life in the pre-classical era?
0 The textbook states “Christianity was perhaps the most
  prominent survivor of the Western Roman Empire.” What
  does this statement mean? How did Christianity manage to
  survive and thrive after the collapse of the empire?
0 How did the nomadic peoples of Eurasia (Visigoths, Huns)
  impeded and/or contribute to the development of the silk
  roads?

								
To top