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1.2 Sport_ ethics and OAA as recreation

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					    1.2 Sport, ethics and OAA as
             recreation

What are the characteristics and objectives of sport?
            What are sporting ethics?
What are Outdoor and Adventurous activities (OAA)?
    Sport
Characteristics




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Benefits
For individuals                     For Society
 Improved health and fitness        Reduced stress on NHS
 Increased self-esteem and self-    Integration of socio-economic and ethnic
  confidence                          groups
 Opportunities for socialising      National Pride (Success- Rugby after 2003
                                      RWC)
                                     Employment opportunities
  Sporting ethics
Gamesmanship is evident in modern day professional sports (such as football and
rugby) and has filtered down to amateur and school sport who copy the negative
                          behaviour of their role models


                   The gamesmanship-sportsmanship continuum
             -                                                               +
   Gamesmanship                                                       Sportsmanship


             Gamesmanship                                  Sportsmanship
   Playing on despite injury to an opponent   Kicking the ball out if an opponent is injured

    ‘Sledging’- Using verbal insults to put    Verbally congratulating an opponent after
 opponent off and affect performance levels                    success
 Appealing for the decision despite knowing     Admitting that the decision should have
      it should go to the other team           gone against you despite being awarded it
    Outdoor and adventurous activities
    (OAA) as recreation
Key distinguishing feature off OAA as recreation is that it takes place in the natural
environment.
                                          Reasons for increased participation
Function of OAA as recreation              More free time and disposable income
 Improve health and fitness               Positive portrayal in media- ‘Cool image’
 Stress release                           Increased desire for excitement- adrenaline
 Personal challenge- self esteem         rush
 Appreciation of natural environment  Non-competitive- good alternative to
 Social skills and team work         traditional sports
 Cognitive skills and decision making
 Survival skills

				
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posted:9/24/2013
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