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Diabetes Overview Have You Wondered About… • What does “diabetes” mean? • What is not “in balance”? • How is energy used? • What gives me energy ? • How is energy moved around the body? • Is there a “key”? • What triggers diabetes? • Are there high risk factors? Define: “Diabetes Mellitus” • Diabetes= siphon, to • Mellitus= honey or flow through (Greek) sweet (Latin) Literal meaning: Sweet Urine! Sugar the body can’t use leaves the body as urine. History lesson: Doctors used to taste the urine to diagnose diabetes! The honey-sweet urine attracted flies and ants. The Right Balance Digestion Eating food leads to sugar leads to sugar in the blood in the stomach Insulin helps take the sugar from the blood to the cell The Upset Balance Digestion Eating food leads to sugar leads to sugar in the blood in the stomach *No sugar for cells *Body cells “starve” *Wastes build up *Sugar is lost in NO insulin to urine and take the sugar builds up in blood from the blood to the cell Three main problems • Pooped out pancreas: Not enough insulin • Stubborn tissues: Body cells do not allow insulin to work • Leaky liver: Liver dumps too much sugar (glucose) into the blood Let’s Review! • Digestion leads to sugar in the _______. • Insulin is the ____ that allows glucose to enter the cell. • What are the three main problems in diabetes? Pooped-out _______; Stubborn _______; Leaky _________. How is energy used? Body cells need “fuel” for energy • In muscles for movement • In the brain for thinking • In the eye for seeing What are some “fuel” sources? What happens if the fuel is not used for energy? How is our body like a car? • What happens if the fuel does not get burned up properly? • What happens if the car runs out of fuel? • What happens if there is fuel but no key for the ignition? • Fuel can’t get into the body cells without a key. • The key is insulin. The Blood Transports Fuel 2. In the intestines carbohydrates 3. Glucose/sugar (fuel) are turned into is carried to the glucose cells by the blood 1. Carbohydrates that are eaten go to the stomach and intestines 4. Glucose/sugar (fuel) must enter the cells to be used for energy 6. Cells use glucose to do their work 5. Insulin takes glucose/sugar into the cells Let’s Review! • Body cells need a steady supply of ______. • Our body changes carbohydrates that we eat into a form of sugar called ________. • Insulin is the ____ that allows glucose to enter the cell. • True or False? The blood takes the glucose (sugar) to the cells. • True or False? Some of the sugar is stored in the stomach for later use. Signs of Diabetes • Thirsty • Hungry • More urine • Tiredness • Dry mouth Diabetes Triggers “Why Me?” • Being overweight • Being older • Accidents, serious illness • Operations • Emotional stress • Medicines like steroids • Pregnancy • Inactivity, lack of physical fitness High Risk Factors • Woman with large baby (more than 9 lbs) • Woman with diabetes in pregnancy • Brother or sister with diabetes • Parent with diabetes • Overweight • Little or no exercise • Age 45 or older, 65+ • Native American, Hispanic, African or Asian American Let’s Review! • Name 3 signs of diabetes. • True or false: Emotional stress is a diabetes “trigger.” • True or false: Men have a higher risk for diabetes than women. • True or false: If you have a parent with diabetes, you will definitely eventually get it yourself.
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