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Diabetes Overview


									Diabetes Overview
    Have You Wondered About…
•   What does “diabetes” mean?
•   What is not “in balance”?
•   How is energy used?
•   What gives me energy ?
•   How is energy moved around the body?
•   Is there a “key”?
•   What triggers diabetes?
•   Are there high risk factors?
    Define: “Diabetes Mellitus”
 • Diabetes= siphon, to   • Mellitus= honey or
   flow through (Greek)     sweet (Latin)

Literal meaning: Sweet Urine!
Sugar the body can’t use
leaves the body as urine.

                History lesson: Doctors used to
                taste the urine to diagnose
                diabetes! The honey-sweet urine
                attracted flies and ants.
         The Right Balance

   Eating food                     leads to sugar
 leads to sugar                     in the blood
in the stomach

                   Insulin helps
                  take the sugar
                  from the blood
                    to the cell
             The Upset Balance

       Eating food                   leads to sugar
     leads to sugar                   in the blood
    in the stomach

*No sugar for cells
*Body cells “starve”
*Wastes build up
    *Sugar is lost in     NO insulin to
        urine and        take the sugar
    builds up in blood   from the blood
                           to the cell
     Three main problems
• Pooped out pancreas: Not
  enough insulin
• Stubborn tissues: Body cells do
  not allow insulin to work
• Leaky liver: Liver dumps too
  much sugar (glucose) into the
            Let’s Review!
• Digestion leads to sugar in the _______.
• Insulin is the ____ that allows glucose
  to enter the cell.
• What are the three main problems in
  Pooped-out _______; Stubborn
  _______; Leaky _________.
       How is energy used?
Body cells need “fuel” for energy
• In muscles for movement
• In the brain for thinking
• In the eye for seeing
What are some “fuel” sources?
What happens if the fuel is not used for
  How is our body like a car?
• What happens if the fuel does not get
  burned up properly?
• What happens if the car runs out of
• What happens if there is fuel but no
  key for the ignition?
• Fuel can’t get into the body cells
  without a key.
• The key is insulin.
    The Blood Transports Fuel
           2. In the intestines
                                           3. Glucose/sugar (fuel)
             are turned into
                                               is carried to the
                                              cells by the blood
 1. Carbohydrates
  that are eaten
go to the stomach
   and intestines                                  4. Glucose/sugar
                                                 (fuel) must enter the
                                                    cells to be used
                                                       for energy
    6. Cells use glucose
     to do their work

                      5. Insulin takes glucose/sugar
                               into the cells
            Let’s Review!
• Body cells need a steady supply of ______.
• Our body changes carbohydrates that we
  eat into a form of sugar called ________.
• Insulin is the ____ that allows glucose to
  enter the cell.
• True or False? The blood takes the
  glucose (sugar) to the cells.
• True or False? Some of the sugar is
  stored in the stomach for later use.
         Signs of Diabetes

•   Thirsty
•   Hungry
•   More urine
•   Tiredness
•   Dry mouth
            Diabetes Triggers
               “Why Me?”
•   Being overweight
•    Being older
•   Accidents, serious illness
•   Operations
•   Emotional stress
•   Medicines like steroids
•   Pregnancy
•   Inactivity, lack of physical fitness
           High Risk Factors
•   Woman with large baby (more than 9 lbs)
•   Woman with diabetes in pregnancy
•   Brother or sister with diabetes
•   Parent with diabetes
•   Overweight
•   Little or no exercise
•   Age 45 or older, 65+
•   Native American, Hispanic, African or
    Asian American
            Let’s Review!
• Name 3 signs of diabetes.
• True or false: Emotional stress is a
  diabetes “trigger.”
• True or false: Men have a higher risk
  for diabetes than women.
• True or false: If you have a parent with
  diabetes, you will definitely eventually
  get it yourself.

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