Commonwealth of Massachusetts Division of Occupational Safety by hcj


									Massachusetts Division of Occupational Safety
       Workplace Safety and Health Program
                            Nancy Pearce CIH
                          Program Supervisor
The Big Question
 Who covers the
 health and safety
 of public sector
 workers in
Private versus
Public Sector Workplaces
   All private sector workplaces in the US are covered
    by OSHA Standards.

   Public sector workplaces are only covered by OSHA
    Standards in certain states (Currently 26 states).
    Known as “State-plan States”.

   There are additional States that have adopted some
    form of OSHA standards at the State level.
Massachusetts Public Sector Safety
   Massachusetts has not passed a law
   requiring public sector workers to comply
   with OSHA standards

   Mass General Law Chapter 149-
   DOS and AGs shall determine reasonable
   means and requirements to prevent injury
   and illness to municipal workers. (Note-
   does NOT cover State workers)
Mass General Law Chapter 149 for
Municipal/County Workplaces
   Interpretation by (DOS) –
    in order to meet the intent of
    Chapter 149 section 6 OSHA
    standards or applicable consensus
    standards should be followed as a
    minimum for county and
    municipal workplaces . If you
    follow OSHA standards or
    equivalent, you will be in
    compliance with Chapter 149.
 What About State Workers?
 State employee health and safety is under the
  jurisdiction of the Personnel Administrator (HRD).

 DOS is providing assistance to HRD for state
  employee health and safety through an agency
  partnership agreement , including:
    Trainings focused on high hazard issues
    On-Site Assessments
    Outreach and informational materials on important
     health and safety topics

 Executive Order 511 requires joint labor/mgt health
  and safety committees to assess hazards, report
  findings etc
What does this all mean to me??
  Bottom line-Municipalities, counties and
  State facilities are expected to follow
  OSHA standards

  DOS can provide assistance
Key Tank Safety Hazards and
applicable OSHA standards
 Falls from climbing ladder

 Falls from top of tank

 Confined space Entry
Falls from
 Should be protected
  from falls the ENTIRE
  time you are climbing

 Should be able to
 move from attached
 ladder climbing device
 to top of tank without
                          OSHA Website Fall Protection
 risk of falls. If no
 guardrails, never work   index.html
Ladder Climbing
  Fixed ladders -requires
   cages as minimum over
   20 feet. Platforms every
   30 feet.

  Studies have shown
   cages not effective for

  Should have ladder
   climbing devices !!
Walking on top of Tank
 OSHA requires fall   Three choices-
 protection at           Best-Guardrails
 elevations over 4    If not-
                         Fall restraint/prevention
(6 feet in
 construction)           Fall protection
Guardrail Requirements
 Railing should be 42

 Midrail between

 Toeboard 4 inches high

 Must withstand 200
  pounds presssure
 Fall Prevention/Fall Protection
  (Fall Restraint)/(Fall Arrest)
Better because CANNOT       Need to be sure worker
fall-keeps you away from     cannot fall more than 6
edge.                        feet. Shock absorbing
                             lanyards, etc.
  Anchorage Points
 Fall Restraint-keeps worker
  from edge of tank so cannot
  fall over edge- requires 1000
  lb anchorage point

 Fall Protection-keeps from
  falling more than 6 feet
  below if go over tank edge-
  Requires 5000 lb anchorage
  point (recommended)
 (Note if limiting fall to 2 feet need 3000 lb
 anchorage point (self retracting
Is Fall protection necessary when looking into tank?

                          More than 50 rescue
                          workers from Jackson
                          County, Jefferson, Hall
                          County and Gwinnett
                          County responded to the
                          Jefferson water tower
                          Thursday after Jim
                          Lurch, 37, of New
                          Haven, Fla., fell 30 feet
                          into the empty water
Best to Design in Safety Features
Up Front
 Conceptual Design $1
 Construction Documents $10
 Field Modification $100
 Commissioning $1000
 Renovation $10,000

   Courtesy of Thomas E. Kramer P.E.
   Certified Safety Professional LJB Inc
Maybe the old way was the better way? Stairs
instead of ladders, railings around the top!!
Confined Space Entry
Ø Rusting is oxidation-uses up
  oxygen and can create an
  oxygen deficient environment.
  Breakdown of organic matter
  can create toxic environment.
Ø Opening hatch and putting
  head inside tank to inspect is
  considered a confined space
Ø Minimum requirement is to air
  monitor prior to placing head
  inside tank
Ø Must also be attached so cannot
  fall into the tank. May involve
  davit arm. Two persons,
  attendant and entrant.
Contact Information
 Call DOS at 617-969-7177.
  Ask for Workplace Safety and Health Program



 OSHA Website www/

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