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What is a Cyborg- Man-machine mixture . . . transhumanism


									                                 “A cyborg, short for “cybernetic organism”, is a being with
                                 both biological and artificial (e.g. electronic, mechanical or
                                 robotic) parts. The term was coined in 1960 when Manfred
                                 Clynes and Nathan S. Kline used it in an article about the
                                 advantages of self-regulating human-machine systems in outer
                                 space…. the term “Cybernetic organism” has been applied
                                 tonetworks, such as road
                                 systems, corporations and governments, which have been
                                 classed as such. The term can also apply to micro-organisms
                                 which are modified to perform at higher levels than their
                                 unmodified counterparts…
                                   “The concept of a man-machine mixture was widespread in
                                 science fiction before World War II…
                                 The term [cyborg] first appears in print [in 1960]..when The
                                 New York Times reported on the Psychophysiological Aspects
                                 of Space Flight Symposium where Clynes and Kline first
                                 presented their paper;
                                 “A cyborg is essentially a man-machine system in
                                 which the control mechanisms of the human portion
                                 are modified externally by drugs or regulatory devices
                                 so that the being can live in an environment different
                                 from the normal one.” – Clynes and Kline, 1960[9/16/2013 2:48:36 PM]

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