VIEWS: 0 PAGES: 1 POSTED ON: 9/17/2013
“A cyborg, short for “cybernetic organism”, is a being with both biological and artificial (e.g. electronic, mechanical or robotic) parts. The term was coined in 1960 when Manfred Clynes and Nathan S. Kline used it in an article about the advantages of self-regulating human-machine systems in outer space…. the term “Cybernetic organism” has been applied tonetworks, such as road systems, corporations and governments, which have been classed as such. The term can also apply to micro-organisms which are modified to perform at higher levels than their unmodified counterparts… “The concept of a man-machine mixture was widespread in science fiction before World War II… The term [cyborg] first appears in print [in 1960]..when The New York Times reported on the Psychophysiological Aspects of Space Flight Symposium where Clynes and Kline first presented their paper; “A cyborg is essentially a man-machine system in which the control mechanisms of the human portion are modified externally by drugs or regulatory devices so that the being can live in an environment different from the normal one.” – Clynes and Kline, 1960 http://www.stopthecrime.net/info/0099.html[9/16/2013 2:48:36 PM]
"What is a Cyborg- Man-machine mixture . . . transhumanism"