Academic Reform Overview - Athletics at Mesa Community College

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					   Two-Year
Transfer Summit
                 Agenda

n   Background and Research on Two-year 
    Transfer Legislation
n    Qualifiers
n   Non-qualifiers 
n   2-4 Transfer GPA Calculation



                                           1
                   Agenda

n   4-2-4 Transfers
n   Review/ timeline of new legislation 
    Division II
n   Educational Resources and Best 
    Practices for Two-year colleges



                                           2
   Background and Research
Related to the Two-Year Transfer
            Standard
    Why a Review of 2-4 Standards?
n   Ongoing NCAA academic reform.

n   All other student-athlete standards have been 
    examined based on research (e.g., initial 
    eligibility and progress toward degree).

n   Research now available, not previously.

n   Two-four transfers do not graduate/remain 
    eligible at same rates as nontransfers.


                                                     4
             Goals of 2-4 Transfer
              Academic Review
n   Establishment of 2-4 transfer academic requirements 
    that:
q   Improve academic success and graduation from four-
    year institution.

q   Result in outcomes closely mirroring nontransfers.




                                                           5
                 Principles
§ Maximize first-year college success, ensuring 
  student-athletes are on track to graduate in 
  five years.


§ Be research based and yield ineligibility rates 
  and outcomes similar to nontransfers.




                                                     6
                Principles
                   (continued)

§ Be minimal standards and NCAA members 
  should continue to make admissions 
  decisions.

§ Consider simplicity of application and 
  understanding by all involved.

§ Strive to emphasize requirements needed to 
  prepare student-athlete for academic success 
  at four-year institution.

                                                  7
Current 2-4 Transfer Data
       Academic Outcomes
Among Transfer Students in Division I
                               Nontransfers
                                              4-Year Transfers   2-Year Transfers
                                  Only


             APR
           (2008-09)              971              949                926

          APR “0/2s”
         (2008-09 AY)            2.2%             3.8%               5.5%

   APR Exhausted Eligibility
            “0/2s”               2.4%             4.3%               7.6%
          (2008-09)

   Graduation Success Rate
        (2002- Cohort)            80%              77%                65%
Percentage of Ineligible Departures
Among Student-Athletes Exhausting
 their Athletics Eligibility in 2008-09
                                 Nontransfers    2-Year      4-Year
        SPORT          Overall      Only        Transfers   Transfers

        Baseball        3%          2%            4%          4%
    Men’s Basketball    9%          7%           13%         11%
     Football -- FBS    9%          8%           19%         11%
     Football – FCS     7%          5%           13%         11%
     Men’s Soccer       3%          2%            9%          2%
      Men’s Track
       (Outdoor)        3%          3%            6%          3%
       Women’s
       Basketball       2%          2%            2%          0%
                                                                        10
Trends in Number of Student-Athletes
Leaving Ineligible by Transfer Status
          SPORT                 2003-04        2004-05         2005-06        2006-07   2007-08

                                  3.1%           3.0%            2.8%           2.5%     2.4%
      Nontransfers

                                 10.0%           9.4%            9.2%           7.5%     6.7%
 Two-Year Transfers
        Four-Year
                                  5.1%           5.1%            5.2%           4.6%     3.9%
         Transfers

Notes: 
% = Percentage of individuals in that sport who were “0/2s” in that academic year.




                                                                                             11
      Key Research Findings -
Academic Performance of 2-4 Transfers
§ Two-four transfer students enter NCAA Division 
  I schools with lower high school grades and test 
  scores than other groups of students.

§ Two-four transfers leave college ineligible at 
  higher rates than any other group of student-
  athletes.

§ Two-four transfer graduation rates lag those of 
  student-athletes who enter a Division I school 
  from high school.                                  12
           Research Findings –
           Grade-Point Average
§ Grade-point average at two-year institution is the 
  strongest predictor of first year academic 
  success at four-year institution.

§ Ineligibility rates decrease significantly as a 
  function of increased two-year institution grade-
  point average.  

§ For two-year transfer student ineligibility rates to 
  mirror college freshman, the current 2.000 grade-
  point average requirement must increase.
                                                      13
           Research Findings –
                Courses
§ Number of physical education activity credits at 
  two-year institution has a significant negative 
  relationship with four-year college success.

§ Student-athletes with fewer physical education 
  activity credits have better academic 
  performances.



                                                      14
Physical Education Activity Credits
Transferred by Nonqualifiers from
      Two-Year Institutions
      PE Activity Credits   % Transferring
             0-2                 25%
             3-5                 25%
             6-8                 18%
             9-11                11%
             12+                 21%




                                             15
           Research Findings –
                Courses
§ Student-athletes with more core academic 
  credit perform better at four-year institutions.

§ Core credits in English, math and science are 
  particularly predictive of four-year college 
  success.

§ Science in particular is a strong predictor of 
  success.

                                                     16
                     Summary
n   Grade-point average at the two-year institution 
    is the best predictor of all first-year outcomes 
    examined.  

n   Ineligibility rates decrease significantly as a 
    function of increased two-year institution grade-
    point average.

n   Student-athletes with more core academic 
    credit perform better at four-year institutions.  
    Science is a strong predictor.  

                                                         17
                    Summary
                       (continued)

n   Students with high numbers of physical 
    education activity credits tend to have less 
    academic success at the four-year institution 
    than their two-year institution grade-point 
    average would predict.

n   Generally, high school academic variables do 
    not add appreciably to prediction once 
    academic behavior at the two-year institution is 
    known.

                                                        18
     Year of Academic Readiness
               Concept

§ Provides additional time and opportunity for 
  student-athletes who are academically 
  underprepared to take remedial courses and 
  generally enhance their academic readiness 
  prior to transfer to a four-year institution.

§ Proposal tabled by the NCAA Division I Board of 
  Directors.

                                                  19
    Creation of Two-Year College /
       NCAA Working Group.
n   Members of NCAA Division I Committee on 
    Academic Performance and the NCAA 
    Division I Academic Cabinet.
n   Two-Year College Representatives.
n   Development of Additional Year in Academic 
    Readiness Concepts for Membership 
    feedback.




                                                  20
        Feedback and Comments

n   Thank you.

n   Comments may be directed to:

q   Jennifer Strawley (jstrawley@ncaa.org); 
    OR
q   Diane Dickman (ddickman@ncaa.org).


                                               21
2-4 Transfer Standards
       Qualifiers
                    Overview

n   Review of Current Standards.

n   Review of New Standards.

n   Case Studies.

n   Questions.
                                   23
      Current Initial Eligibility Standards
                    Qualifier
n   Graduate from high school. 

n   Complete NCAA-approved courses. 

n   Earn a minimum required core-course grade-
    point average (GPA). 

n   Earn a required SAT or ACT sum score.

                                                 24
           Current 2-4 Transfer Standards
                      Qualifier
n   To be immediately eligible for competition:

    Ø   Minimum one full-time term of enrollment in 
        residence at a two-year college;

    Ø   2.000 GPA on transferable hours; and 

    Ø   Complete an average of 12 hours of transferable 
        credits per term of full-time enrollment at the two-
        year college.
                                                               25
         Current 2-4 Transfer Standards
              Qualifier Continued
n    The student-athlete is considered enrolled full 
     time and subject to the average of 12 standard 
     when:
n    Registers in a term full time; and
n    Attends the student's first day of classes for that 
     term.
  



                                                        26
        Current 2-4 Transfer Standards
             Qualifier Continued
n   For student-athletes first entering a collegiate 
    institution before August 1, 2012.

n   Students-athletes not meeting this standard are 
    eligible for:
n   Practice.
n   Financial Aid.
n   Must complete a year in residence before 
    competition.
                                                        27
     Current 2-4 Transfer Standards
          Qualifier Continued
n   Baseball and Basketball student-athletes.
n   Cannot transfer after the first term 
    (semester, quarter) and be immediately 
    eligible for competition.

                             Bylaw 14.5.4.1.1


                                                28
Physical Education Activity Courses
 §   Current standard only applies to Men’s 
     basketball.
 §    2-4 and 4-2-4 transfers cannot count more than 
     two credits of PE activity courses to meet 
     applicable transfer requirements.
 §   Credit hour and GPA requirements.
 §   Qualifiers and nonqualifiers.

           Bylaws 14.5.4.1.2, 14.5.4.2.4 and 14.5.6.2


                                                        29
Physical Education Activity Courses
n   Exception:

    Ø   For SAs who enroll in a PE degree program or 
        education program that requires PE activity courses.

    Ø   May count the minimum number of activity credits 
        required for the specific degree program.




                                                            30
Physical Education Activity Courses
n   Example:
n   Handle State University offers a Middle School 
    Education undergraduate degree.
n   The degree requires six semester hours of 
    physical education activity courses for 
    graduation.
n   May use up to six hours for transfer standards.
 


                                                      31
     New 2-4 Transfer
       Standards
       Qualifiers

Effective August 1, 2012
   New 2-4 Transfer Standards
           Qualifiers
For SAs first entering a collegiate institution
Full time on or after August 1, 2012:
Qualifiers 
   n   The physical education activity credit hour limits 
       will be applicable to all sports.

   n   Minimum transferable grade-point average 
       needed for competition in first year in residence 
       increases to 2.500.  


                                                             33
              Case Study Willie

n   Qualifier.
n   Football student-athlete. 
n   Willie attends Redhead College, a two-year 
    institution in Texas.
n   Enrolled full time Fall 2010, Spring 2011 and 
    Fall 2011.




                                                     34
       Case Study Willie Continued

n   October 2011:  Willie withdrew from two 
    courses, falling below full time for the semester.

n   Willie would like to transfer to a four-year 
    institution for the 2012 spring term.




                                                         35
        Case Study Willie Continued

n   What standards apply to Willie?
    ¨   Current standard.
n   How many transferable hours must he 
    complete?
    ¨   36 transferable hours.
n   How many PE activity hours may he use?
    ¨   Unlimited, Fall 2010 enrollee, football SA.



                                                      36
        Case Study Willie Continued

n   What is the minimum GPA Willie must 
    earn?
    ¨   2.000 GPA.




                                           37
             Case Study George

n   Qualifier.
n   Baseball student-athlete.
n   Plans to transfer to a four-year in Fall 2013.
n   Enrolled full time Fall 2012 and Spring 2013.
n   Earned 24 hours at Cloud Nine College after 
    two semesters.
n   Four hours earned were PE activity courses.


                                                     38
        Case Study George Continued

n   How many PE activity hours may George use?
    ¨   Two hours.
n   What is the minimum GPA George must earn?
    ¨   2.500 GPA.
n   How would you advise George?
    ¨   Work with four-year school to determine GPA.
    ¨   Complete summer school courses to increase 
        transferable hours.


                                                       39
        Case Study George Continued

n   What if George was a Fall 2011 enrollee?
    ¨   He would be subject to the current standard.
n   How many PE activity hours may George use?
    ¨   All four hours earned.
n   What is the minimum GPA George must earn?
    ¨   2.000 GPA.




                                                       40
                  Best Practices
                  2-4 Qualifiers
n   Encourage registration with the NCAA 
    Eligibility Center to verify qualifier status.

n   Identify changes to standards based on:
    ¨   First time full-time enrollment before or after 
        Fall 2012.



                                                           41
QUESTIONS?




             42
2- 4 Transfer Standards
     Nonqualifiers
                  Overview

n   Review of Current Standards.

n   Review of New Standards.

n   Case Study.

n   Questions.
                                   44
             Current 2-4 Transfer Standards 
                      Nonqualifier
    Ø Minimum three full-time semesters/four 
    quarters.

    Ø 48-semester/72-quarter hours of transferable 
    degree credit.

    Ø   Graduate from two-year college.

    Ø   Minimum 2.000 GPA.
                                                      45
      Current 2-4 Transfer Standards 
               Nonqualifier
Ø   Men’s basketball. 
Ø   Physical Education Activity Courses. 
Ø   2-4 and 4-2-4 transfers cannot count more 
    than two credits of PE activity courses to 
    meet applicable transfer requirements.
Ø   Applicable to credit hour and GPA 
    requirements.



                                                  46
          Current 2-4 Transfer Standards 
                   Nonqualifier
n   Exception:
    Ø   For SAs who enroll in a PE degree program or 
        education program that requires PE activity courses.

    Ø   May count the minimum number of activity credits 
        required for the specific degree program.




                                                            47
    Transferable Math and English Courses
For nonqualifiers:
   Credits must transfer to the certifying institution as 
   specific English or math credit, regardless of how 
   the courses are identified on the two-year college's 
   transcript.

                   Bylaw 14.5.4.2
                        3/18/2009 Staff Interpretation



                                                             48
Summer Courses




                 49
Other Limits on Transferable Credits
May not exceed institutional limits (overall or 
  specific area) when evaluating transferable-
  credit hour requirements.


                 03/04/2011 Official Interpretation




                                                      50
          Graduation Requirement

n   For nonqualifiers and 4-2-4 transfers:
    ¨   Must receive an associate or equivalent 
        degree in an academic or technical 
        curriculum.




                                                   51
Graduation Requirement Continued

n   Student-athletes who transfer after completing 
    all necessary degree requirements for 
    graduation but prior to receiving a degree is 
    considered to have satisfied the two-year 
    college graduation requirement.




                                                      52
     New 2-4 Transfer
       Standards
      Nonqualifiers

Effective August 1, 2012
For SAs first entering a collegiate institution
    full time on or after August 1, 2012:
 Nonqualifiers:

    n   The physical education activity limits will be 
        applicable to all sports.

    n   Minimum transferable grade-point average 
        needed for competition in first year in residence 
        increases to 2.500.  




                                                             54
For SAs first entering a collegiate institution
    full time on or after August 1, 2012:
   Nonqualifiers:

   •   For nonqualfiers who don’t meet 2.500, may 
       practice and receive athletics aid above a 2.000.

   •   In addition to six-semester/eight-quarter hours of 
       transferable English and three-semester/four-
       quarter hours of transferable math, will need three-
       semester/four-quarter hours of transferable 
       science.


                                                              55
            Case Study Waylon

n   Nonqualifier.
n   Men’s Soccer student-athlete.
n   Enrolls full time at Royal Albert College, a 
    two-year institution in the fall of 2010.
n   Completes four full-time terms at RAC.



                                                56
Case Study Waylon




                    57
            Case Study Waylon

n   Earned a total of 50 hours.
n   10 hours remaining for A.A. degree.
n   Only 39 of those hours transfer to Beatle 
    University, a four-year institution recruiting 
    Waylon.
n   He has not earned transferable English, 
    math or science courses.

                                                 58
              Case Study Waylon

n   How should Waylon be advised?
    ¨   Must complete A.A. requirements in summer 
        2012.
    ¨   Must complete six hours transferable English 
        and three Math.
    ¨   Work with Beatle U to determine transfer 
        GPA.


                                                    59
              Case Study Waylon

n   What if Waylon’s first full-time enrollment 
    was Fall 2012?
    ¨   Subject to the science core course 
        requirement.
    ¨   Limited to two PE activity hours.
    ¨   2.500 GPA



                                                   60
             Case Study Waylon

n   What additional information would we 
    need to know to properly advise him?
    ¨   Number PE activity courses he has earned.
    ¨   His current transfer GPA.




                                                    61
              Case Study Waylon

n   Any other issues?
    ¨   Waylon cannot complete requirements in 
        summer.
    ¨   Maximum of nine hours in summer prior to 
        transfer.
    ¨   Needs to complete 12 hours of core courses 
        (English, math and science).


                                                  62
                 Best Practices
                2-4 Nonqualifiers
n   Identify changes to standards based on:
    ¨   First time full-time enrollment before or after 
        Fall 2012.
n   Collaborate with four-year institutions 
    regarding English, math and science 
    course equation.
n   Monitor the number of summer hours.

                                                           63
QUESTIONS?




             64
2-4 Transfer Legislation
    Calculating GPA
Calculating GPA




                  66
             Calculating GPA

n   What this means for you:
n   The standard not simply what is displayed 
    on your institution’s transcript.
n   Student-athlete will have to be aware of 
    what courses would transfer and 
    recalculate GPA.


                                             67
             Case Study Andy

n   North By Northwest University limits 
    acceptance of transfer credits to not more 
    than 40 credit hours.




                                              68
               Case Study Andy

n   If Andy earns 60 credits at the two-year 
    college that normally would be 
    transferable to the certifying institution, 
    what hours are used to certify GPA?

    ¨   North By Northwest must calculate the grade
        -point average based on all 60 credits.


                                                   69
Case Study Dylan




                   70
   Dylan’s GPA Potential Issues

nEight  A’s in PE activity part of the current 
2.500 GPA.

nSix additional hours that would be 
transferable but for grades earned (six 
hours of F).



                                                  71
          Dylan’s GPA Calculation

Assuming all PE credit hours (eight) count:
Ø   48 credit hours x 2.500 = 120 grade points.

Ø   120/54 (includes 6 hours of F) = 2.222 GPA.

Ø   2.222 is the GPA for the 2-4 transfer standard.




                                                      72
           Dylan’s GPA Calculation

n   Based on Dylan’s initial term of full-time enrollment, he 
    meets the transfer GPA standard.

n   If Dylan was a Fall 2012 initial enrollee, he would not 
    meet the GPA standard.
n   How would you advise Dylan?
    ¨   Summer school course work up to nine hours.
    ¨   Retake courses in summer to improve grades.




                                                                 73
Case Study Tom




                       74
                 page 74
Case Study Tom




                 75
Case Study Tom




                 76
    Best Practices Calculating GPA

n   Work with NCAA 
    member institution.
n   Determine what 
    courses would 
    transfer.
n   Subtract PE activity 
    hours.
n   Monitor repeated 
    courses.
                                     77
QUESTIONS?




             78
4-2-4 Transfer
  Standards
                  Overview

n   Review of Current Standards.

n   Review of New Standards.

n   Case Study.

n   Questions.
                                   80
          4-2-4 Transfer Defined
Is a student-athlete who:

   Enrolled full-time at a 4-year institution.
   Enrolled full-time at a 2-year institution.
   Transfers to a 4-year institution.




                                                  81
      Full-time Enrollment Defined

   Enrolled in a minimum, full-time program; 
   Present on the first day of classes.

   If the student-athlete withdraws or falls 
    below full-time, still considered a transfer.



                                                    82
          Current 4-2-4 Standards

n   To be immediately eligible for competition:
n   Complete an average of 12 hours of transferable 
    credits per term of full-time enrollment at the two-
    year college;
n   2.000 GPA on transferable hours;  
n   Graduate from the two-year college; and
n   One calendar year has elapsed since the departure 
    from the previous four-year college. 


                                                       83
           Current 4-2-4 Standards

n   Exceptions.
n   Return to the original institution.
n   Nonsponsored sport at original four-year 
    institution.
    ¨   Average of 12 per full-time term; and
    ¨   2.000 GPA on transferable hours.



                                                84
    New 4-2-4 Transfer
       Standards

Effective August 1, 2012
                    4-2-4 Transfers
n   2.500 GPA for base rule and nonsponsored sport qualifier 
    exception.

n   Physical Education activity course limits applicable to all SAs.

n   Nonqualifiers subject to completion of transferable core–
    curriculum  requirement(six-semester/eight-quarter hours of 
    transferable English and three-semester/four-quarter hours of 
    transferable math, will need three-semester/four-quarter hours of 
    transferable science).
                 § May use transferable credits earned while enrolled 
                   at a previous four-year college to meet 
                   requirement.

                                                                         86
Case Study Roy




                 87
Case Study Roy




                 88
                Case Study Roy

n   What are Roy’s remaining requirements?
    ¨   A.A. degree.
    ¨   Determination of transferable hours, needs 
        24 hours. 
    ¨   Determination of transfer GPA.




                                                      89
                 Case Study Roy

n   What if Roy was an initial full-time enrollee in Fall 
    2012?
n   2.500 GPA.
¨   If a nonqualifier, would be subject to the core 
    course standard (English, math and science).
n   Can Roy combine the core courses earned at Lone 
    Star and Odessa?
¨   Yes.


                                                         90
                  Best Practices
                      4-2-4
n   Monitor the calendar year elapse 
    requirement from the four-year institution.
n   Identify changes to standards based on:
    ¨   First time full-time enrollment before or after 
        Fall 2012.
    ¨   Different standard for qualifiers and 
        nonqualifiers (core course requirements).


                                                           91
QUESTIONS?




             92
2-4 Transfer
 Standards
 Resources
              Transfer Guide

n   Information for transfers. 
n   2-4.
n   4-4.
n   4-2-4.
n   Divisions I, II and III.
n   http://www.ncaapublications.com/p-4239-
    ncaa-transfer-guide-2011-12.aspx
                                              94
                Initial Eligibility

NCAA Eligibility Center: www.eligibilitycenter.org

Guide to the College Bound Student-athlete:
http://www.ncaapublications.com/p-4236-ncaa guide-
   for-the-college-bound-student-athlete.aspx

Quick Reference Sheet:
http://fs.ncaa.org/Docs/eligibility_center/Quick_Referen
   ce_Sheet.pdf
                                                       95
                 NCAA Resources

n   Any questions regarding the new 2-4 requirements or 
    for information regarding the specifics of similarly 
    updated 4-2-4 requirements (for student-athletes that 
    attend a four-year college or university, transfer to a two
    -year college and then enroll full time at an NCAA 
    Division I college or university) call:

              NCAA Public Interpretations Line
                       317/917-6008
              M-F 12 p.m. - 4 p.m. Eastern time 

                                                              96
             NCAA Resources

n   Materials from today's summit:
http://www.ncaa.org/wps/wcm/myconnect/public/N
   CAA/Resources/Events/Regional+Rules+Semin
   ar/
n Includes Primer on Transfer GPA Calculation.

n   2-4 transfer standards videos, Coming 
    this Summer!

                                             97
QUESTIONS?




             98

				
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