The National Policy
Was it a good idea?
FOLLOW THE MONEY!
n D3 analyse the relationship between the
National Policy and the industrialization of
Sir John A. MacDonald
n First Prime Minister of
n Dreams of Canada as a
n Ill wife, daughter with
brain damage from birth
n Wanted Canada to be
n Promised a National
Railway to get elected
n Scandal around election
n Wanted to draw
attention to the Railway
and away from scandal
Pillars of the Policy
n The National Policy was built on three basic
n 1) Development of the railway
n 2) Settlement of the west
n 3) High tariffs on American goods.
n Think of the Reciprocity Treaty of 1856. How
does this counter the concept?
n Need to get goods and people around the country
n Farmers to the west, goods for shipping to the east
n Industry focused in Ontario and Quebec to take
advantage of the Natural Resources and Great Lakes
n Manufacturing economy of the Eastern provinces had
to be shifted to allow for more efficient
communication and shipping.
n Railway as a backbone of development.
SETTLEMENT OF THE WEST
n Vast tracts of land which had the
potential to grow crops such as wheat
and corn to feed a nation.
n Most of Canada’s population lived on
the East Coast and in the Eastern
sections of Canada as far inland as
n MacDonald set out to attract
immigrants to Canada with promises
of religious freedom, free
transportation to the west and free
n Any dreams or aspirations were put
aside in favour of the National Policy.
n This gave rise to political views and
parties such as the Social Credit, the
Progressives, and in contemporary
time the Wild Rose.
n Economic recession after the end of the protective
tariffs on Canadian Goods
n Reciprocity Treaty of 1856 seemed to solve the issue
n By 1866 economic recession – Canadian economic
n MacDonald’s Answer – high tariffs on American
goods would make people buy Canadian
n Goods that were manufactured in Ontario and Quebec
would be able to be transported all over Canada by
rail to people who would buy them.
n Go to Government of Canada Information: Canada
Pre-Confederation and complete the organizer on the
regions of Canada before confederation.
n Then go to The National Policy and Canadian
Federalism - Studies on the Canadian Constitution
and Canadian Federalism - Quebec History and
record what happened to the same parts of Canada as
a result of the National Policy.
n As an optional extension activity use your favorite
search engine to research the impact of the national
policy on that region.