World leaders in the sciences of sport, exercise,
health and rehabilitation.
What difference will you make?
School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences
2 School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences
School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences 3
The School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences
aims to develop and apply knowledge in the sciences of
sport, exercise, health and rehabilitation.
Our mission is to address one of the key integrated modules where theory and practice
challenges facing contemporary societies: go hand in hand. We also work in partnership
increasing the quantity and quality of with UB Sport, using their facilities for applied
engagement in physical activity to enhance research and teaching practical sessions. This
health and wellbeing. We are interested in partnership will be further strengthened with the
finding new ways to support the physical opening of a new £55 million sports centre in
activity and sport needs of all individuals and 2015 offering some of the best sports facilities
communities ranging from elite athletes, to in the UK.
young children, elderly exercisers, inactive
groups and those recovering from illness or Our Global Reach
injury. To achieve this, we engage in world- One of the key reasons to consider studying in
leading research that underpins teaching on the School is our global expertise and impact. The purpose of the Applicant Visit Day is to offer
all our degree programmes. Not just in research, collaborations and you detailed insights into the University and to
teaching, but in the international community the programmes, staff and facilities in the School.
A University of Firsts of staff and students that we have established. You will have an opportunity to meet members of
In 1946 the University of Birmingham became Our global reach extends beyond staff and staff and current undergraduate students who will
the first university in the UK to offer a degree students from abroad, through our network of tell you more about our courses and answer any
in Sport and Exercise Sciences, extending the global partner Universities (through Universitas questions you may have.
original focus on Physical Education. We are 21) to graduates working abroad, placements/
still leading the sector today in both research internships abroad and also the opportunity for In addition the University has a number of
and teaching. some students to undertake a study abroad general Open Days which are open to anyone
year (during their third year). Students to visit the University and the School of Sport,
Quality of Teaching and Research undertaking this opportunity in 2013-14 are Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences.
Our research excellence was recognised in studying in Canada, the USA and Australia.
the last Research Assessment Exercise (RAE, Our induction programme
2008), where we were ranked first in the UK Sport We have introduced an innovative new
for research of international importance. A specific level of sporting ability is not induction programme called ‘Speed BSc’,
a requirement for studying with us in the to help new students to make a smooth
Research underpins all teaching that takes School of Sport and Exercise Sciences. transition from school/college to university.
place at Birmingham. You will be taught by However, for those students who are interested The programme was created by current
academics who are working at the cutting edge in participating, the University offers a wealth students based on what they felt was needed
of their research areas. Our teaching was rated of sporting opportunities at every level, from when they entered the School. The aim is to
as excellent by the Higher Education Funding beginner to Olympic athlete. Birmingham complete a ‘mini degree’ within 2 days, working
Council for England in their assessment of is consistently ranked in the top three in as part of a team, culminating in an induction
teaching quality in UK universities. the British Universities and Colleges Sport graduation ceremony. This programme helps
league tables. UB Sport has over 50 sports all our first year students to get to know one
State-of-the-art facilities clubs for you to join, competing at a range another and to understand the School. At the
Thanks to a £16.4 million investment, at of levels from participation for fun through same time, this exercise provides a valuable
Birmingham we boast the largest custom built to national league competition. opportunity for current students to enhance
Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation facility in their skills by helping to deliver the induction.
the UK. This includes teaching and research Applicant Visit Days
laboratories for physiology, biochemistry, The School does not normally interview
psychophysiology, musculoskeletal assessment, applicants (except for the BSc Applied Golf
biomechanics, sport psychology, motor skills, Management Studies Programme). However, we Watch a video all
immunology, muscle mechanics and the automatically invite all applicants to whom we about our Speed
neurophysiology of movement. have made offers to one of our Applicant Visit BSc programme
Days. We are also very happy for parents and (goo.gl/HQjzD)
Our state-of-the-art teaching and research friends to accompany applicants to the visit day
facilities offer excellent learning spaces for our and to attend the lectures and presentations.
4 School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences
Our programmes and how to apply
We offer a range of Undergraduate Programmes all of which
support learning across our 5 key themes:
o Active Lifestyles
o Effective Learning
o Maximal Performance
o Movement Rehabilitation
o Healthy Ageing
If you are interested in learning about physical
activity for health and wellbeing, sport for
performance or participation, or movement
rehabilitation, our multi-disciplinary degree
programmes offer you unrivalled opportunities.
At the end of your studies, you will understand
the importance of both multi-disciplinary and
interdisciplinary approaches to answering
questions about sport, performance, and the
role of exercise in promoting and maintaining
health throughout the lifespan. The variety of
modules on offer ensures that you are prepared
for a wide range of potential careers.
We offer modules ranging from theory to
practice, core science to applied studies, and
from natural and social science perspectives.
Topics range from human biology, exercise
physiology, psychology, musculoskeletal
practice and motor control, through to physical
education, coaching, politics, policy and
sociology. Through these diverse perspectives, A degree that suits you BSc (Hons) Sport and Exercise Sciences
we are able to address questions about our five We have two main undergraduate programmes UCAS code: BC17
School themes in ways that ensure our work in the School with different emphases within If you are interested in studying a science-
is relevant to real life settings. The breadth of the broad field of sport, exercise, health and based programme, then this programme may
optional modules throughout our programmes rehabilitation. We also offer collaborative be the one for you. You will gain a strong
allows you to tailor your degree to your own degrees with the Professional Golfers’ scientific understanding of human physiology,
specific interests or the requirements of a Association and joint honours degrees with psychology, anatomy, biomechanics and
chosen career. other schools in the university. To find out biochemistry. You will learn about how the
more about these programmes visit our healthy human body works during exercise,
As your degree progresses, you have the website. Overviews of the main programmes and how sport and physical activity promote
option to specialise in areas of personal are presented below. health from cellular to whole body perspectives.
interest. For example, in the third year, you will
have the opportunity to plan and undertake an In addition to module options within your Throughout the course you will be engaged in
individual research project. degree programme (except AGMS), you will practical sessions to develop your laboratory
have opportunities to broaden your area of skills. These sessions complement lectures
If appropriate, in parallel with the academic study further by selecting modules from the and seminars and provide a firm grounding in
courses, students are encouraged to take other programmes or from those offered in scientific method. As you move through the
National Governing Body of Sport courses another School in the University. During your programme there are options to specialise
leading to coaching and other qualifications. studies you will also have the opportunity to in different areas of study.
apply for competitive placements in industry.
Past placements have included premiership
football clubs, local hospitals, health clubs
and local sports clubs. Internships working
alongside staff on research projects are
also available during holiday periods.
School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences 5
BSc (Hons) Sport, Physical Education BSc (Hons) Applied Golf Management Studies International Year
and Coaching Science UCAS code: N290 During your study on our undergraduate
UCAS code: C6L4 This programme is the only golf degree in programmes (Sport and Exercise Sciences
This programme has been designed for those the world that offers the opportunity to apply and Sport, Physical Education and Coaching
students who are interested in pursuing a for membership of the Professional Golfers’ Science), we offer the opportunity to spend a
vocational career in the broad field of sport, Association (PGA). It is taught in collaboration year at an overseas university as part of your
education and coaching. You will study with the PGA at both the University and degree. This could include studying in Europe,
modules to prepare you for a wide range of PGA Training Academy at The Belfry. On this Canada, the United States, Australia or many
careers in, for example, physical education, programme you will study a number of applied other countries around the world. You would
sports coaching, community sport, the theoretical disciplines including sports science, complete the first two years of your degree
fitness/leisure industry or sport governance. business management, materials science and here in Birmingham, then spend a year abroad,
The programme offers you modules in coach education. During each summer you before returning to complete your degree. If you
both theoretical and practical aspects, will organise and undertake a placement pass the year abroad, you would graduate with
and includes opportunities for volunteering in a golf specific setting. Full details of our a BSc with International Year. We see this as
either in an educational setting or sport, collaborative programmes with the PGA a great opportunity for you to explore different
leisure or community context. and their specific entry requirements can approaches to your subject and to experience
be found in a separate booklet. living in a different culture.
A key element of this programme is the
application of theoretical knowledge in
practice. Practical activities are integrated with Full details about all our courses can be found
theoretical knowledge in a range of modules on the course finder pages of the University
focusing on Games, Dance, Gymnastics, website www.birmingham.ac.uk/sport-study
Swimming and Outdoor Education.
6 School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences
Entry requirements UCAS Institution Code BIRM B32
Our normal offer range is from AAA to AAB BSc Sport and Exercise BC17
at A2 (SES) and AAA-ABB (SPECS). All Sciences (Hons)
applicants must offer at least one of our BSc Sport, Physical C6L4
preferred subjects. Offers of ABB will be Education and Coaching
made to applicants with multiple A levels Science (Hons)
from our preferred list and an exceptional BSc Applied Golf N290
supporting statement. For specific entry Management Studies (Hons)
requirements, please refer to individual
programme entries on line
We consider students with a BTEC in
a science-related discipline. All BTEC
students must have a good overall GCSE
profile (normally minimum Grade C in
English, Maths and Science). Access to
Science and International Baccalaureate
qualifications are also accepted.
Applicants do not need to have a
specific level of sporting ability to study at
Birmingham, although many students are
either competent in sport or are interested
in sport and exercise at a participation /
personal enjoyment level.
International Baccalaureate Diploma
35-36 points, including one of the following
subjects at HL: Biology, Chemistry,
Economics, English A1, Geography, History,
Mathematics, Physics, Psychology or Social
and Cultural Anthropology. Theory of
Knowledge and Extended Essay points
are not considered. 5 points in each of SL
English and Maths if not offered at GCSE
Alternative academic qualifications
Alternative academic qualifications may be
acceptable. Please contact the Student
Recruitment Team for further advice.
For full details of the entry
requirements please see our website
Photography credit: Will Siddons
School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences 7
How do I apply? Method of study How will I be supported?
You must apply for admission through the During your first week at University you will
Universities and Colleges Admissions Service How will I be taught? meet your personal tutor who will work closely
(UCAS) at www.ucas.com. The degree programmes are taught using with you throughout your programme to support
a range of methods including formal lectures, your development and track your academic
When should I apply? small group seminars, computer based learning, progress. In your first year, you will see your
Demand for places on our programme is and practical classes in both laboratories and tutor every fortnight either in a small group
extremely high. Due to competition for places the sports centre. Particular attention is paid with other students to discuss an aspect of
we are only able to accept a certain number to developing generic learning skills in addition teaching or research, or individually to review
of students each year, so we would strongly to specific subject knowledge. Generic skills your personal progress. In addition, we offer
advise all applicants to submit their application include computing and statistical competence, another layer of support in the form of year
to us, through UCAS, well before the beginning report writing, oral presentations and tutors who offer advice and support to student
of December. participating in group work. We believe groups who wish to bring generic issues to
that attention to these skills is one reason the attention of teaching staff. This system
International students why our graduates are so attractive to ensures we are able to be very responsive
Applications are welcome from overseas potential employers. to student concerns.
students who may take the standard three
year undergraduate courses. For application to Who will teach me? The University has an extensive student support
our Honours degree course your qualifications You will be taught by leading academics in system which is organised within the School by
should be equivalent to our usual A-level offers. their subject, who are passionate about sharing two welfare tutors. Together with your personal
For further information visit: their knowledge and expertise with you. tutor, welfare tutors are a key point of contact if
www.birmingham.ac.uk/international You will become part of the School’s academic you experience personal difficulties during your
community which includes professors, lecturers, studies. If you choose to stay in the university’s
Learn more visiting experts, postgraduate students and student accommodation in your first year,
For further information, contact: researchers. In addition to their expertise you will be given a student mentor to help
Student Recruitment Team in teaching and research, our world-leading you settle in and guide you through living
School of Sport, Exercise academic staff act as consultants to schools, away from home.
and Rehabilitation Sciences local education authorities, National Governing
University of Birmingham Bodies of Sport, charities, businesses and The academic year
Edgbaston, Birmingham Government departments within the UK Each year of study is divided into two
B15 2TT UK and abroad. This enables academics to bring semesters of 11 weeks of teaching, followed
Tel: 0121 414 5922 a real world perspective to their taught sessions by a period for revision, assimilation and
Email: Admissions-Sportex@bham.ac.uk with you. examination. The teaching is modular and
most modules have a value of 20 credits with
We collaborate with a number of external a full single honours year totalling 120 credits.
partners including: the Amateur Swimming
Association; Birmingham City Council;
Birmingham Royal Ballet; the British
Gymnastics Association; NHS trusts;
British Heart Foundation; British Triathlon;
Alzheimer’s Research UK; Age UK;
The Football Association; the Jamaican
Athletics Association; the Professional
Golfers’ Association; and the Youth Sport
Trust. Invited speakers from these and other
organisations enrich the taught programmes
for all students.
8 School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences
The School has an excellent record of employment, with 94% of our
graduates in graduate-level jobs or postgraduate study six months
after graduation. These statistics reflect the strong reputation of the
School and the wide range of employability skills on offer in our
multi-disciplinary degree programmes.
Our graduates are ideally suited to employment Further Study outdoor education, PE teaching in schools,
in careers related to: Following successful completion of your the NHS and local hospitals, hotel health
o exercise and health including working undergraduate studies, we offer an exciting clubs and more. Internships are also available
as exercise physiologists and sports range of opportunities to continue your studies in staff laboratories; eg, Biochemistry, Human
psychologists; at Masters or PhD level. These programmes Movement, and also as part of ongoing
o sport and recreation including sports attract students from across the world and research projects. These opportunities help
and leisure centre management, focus on developing your knowledge and to enhance your CV and prepare you for the
o coaching, skills in specialised areas to new levels. For world of work upon graduation in a field of
o courses for physical education teaching/ those of you who wish to plan ahead, details interest to you. There are also plans underway
primary school teaching of our postgraduate programmes can be found to introduce an international study abroad
o ork with national sports agencies and here www.birmingham.ac.uk/sport-study year, further enhancing the CVs of students
sports development departments of local choosing that route.
authorities Work experience
We offer a number of competitive
Many graduates continue to further study; opportunities for work experience throughout
for example medicine, physiotherapy, dietetics the programmes. Past placements have Watch a video of our
and occupational health. The University included Birmingham City FC, Birmingham students on an internship
offers a Post-Graduate Diploma in Education City Council Sports Clubs/Healthy Living placement at West
Bromwich Albion FC.
(PGDipEd) for those wishing to enter the Programmes, Aston Villa Academy,
teaching profession. Many of our students are Wolverhampton Wanderers FC, British and
working abroad after graduation. That ranges German Triathletes, sports club coaching,
from graduate working ‘gap years’ in coaching
camps, to full time employment in areas of
sport, exercise and health around the world.
In addition, there is a broader range of
careers that attracts our graduates, including
the police force, army, air force and navy
(some of our undergraduates enter our
degree programmes with sponsorship from
the armed forces and a number are highly
active in the Territorial Army). In addition,
graduates find they are well prepared for
generic graduate recruitment and further
study in areas such as law, accountancy,
banking, financial services, computing,
marketing, management, the Civil Service,
Scientific Civil Service and local government.
Students have access to a comprehensive
Careers Network, based at the Careers
Centre. In addition, careers and CV advice,
and work experience/internship support, are
available within the School on a weekly basis.
We also arrange for you to meet a number
of our alumni during your studies in order to
learn from their experiences of preparing for
a successful career in a chosen field.
School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences 9
University of Birmingham Sport
University of Birmingham Sport (UBSport) Sports facilities at the University
Sport takes centre stage at the University, As part of our commitment to sport, exercise
not just in the lecture theatres but on the and physical activity the University has pledged
playing fields too. For the past 17 years £55 million towards a new sports centre to
UBSport has finished in the top three of open in 2015. It will be a sports centre for the
the British Universities and Colleges Sport University and the wider community, providing
championship in a field of approximately 150 an extensive range of sport and fitness
competing institutions. From absolute beginner activities, promoting health and well-being,
to world-class performer, UBSport offers encouraging high-performance, and developing
students a world of opportunity to learn, our next generation of Olympic heroes.
develop and grow with one of the most Facilities will include:
comprehensive sports programmes available
in higher education in the UK. o The first 50m pool in Birmingham
o triple sports hall, to accommodate major,
At Birmingham, sport is for all, from the largest national sporting events
Active Lifestyle programme in the UK with a o One of the largest gyms in Europe
variety of Aerobic, Toning, Dance, Holistic, S
o quash courts; indoor climbing wall; dance
Aqua and Specialist classes to choose from, studios; and fitness suites
to Try Sport and so much more. Whatever your o A Wellbeing and High Performance Centre
ability, interest or passion, you will never have o 2 floodlit water-based synthetic pitches
a better opportunity to get involved, make The facilities are designed to meet the needs o Floodlit Third generation pitch
new friends and enjoy what will undoubtedly of students as well as the many regional sports o Floodlit Grass pitches
become the most memorable years of your life. clubs that currently use the University’s o Tennis courts
www.sport.bham.ac.uk/about facilities. We already have some of the best o Our own outdoor activities centre,
sports facilities in the country and Birmingham The Raymond Priestley Centre, in the
itself is home to a number of world-class sports Lake District www.sport.bham.ac.uk/
amenities and sports clubs. The university raymondpriestley
sports facilities currently include:
o Fitness suite The University of Birmingham Sport
o 25m swimming pool Scholarship scheme helped hundreds of
o 3 multi-purpose sports halls student-athletes to maximise their academic
o 7 squash courts (3 with glass backs) and sporting potential. Our scholarship
o Dance studio programme is consistently rated as one
o Gymnastics hall of the best in the UK.
o Floodlit athletics track www.sport.bham.ac.uk/scholarships
Artist’s impression of new Sports Centre
10 School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences
Timothy Roberts their research and taught me the high there as a student. The student community
standards necessary to succeed in this field. was very supportive, whether it was students
Sport and Exercise Sciences
on your course, from your sport or where you
(SES) graduate My first year at Birmingham was very exciting. live. During my studies I was a member of
It took time to adjust to the demands of a busy the golf team, managed and played for an
I am currently working as a sport scientist schedule whilst making time to study, but it intramural 6-a-side football team and worked
with the Gatorade Sport Science Institute in was a lot of fun to be involved with so many in the Human Performance Laboratory.
Bradenton Florida. In our exercise performance different things.
laboratory we work with high school athletes It is important to quickly find a balance
to NFL and NBA superstars, helping them The university experience was instrumental between your studies, your sport and your
achieve optimal performance through research in getting me to where I am now. Not only social life. Make sure you stay motivated to
and education in hydration and nutrition did I gain the knowledge and skills I require work hard and achieve what you set out to
science. I was fortunate enough to get this for my job, but I was also taught to think on your 1st day of term as a freshman.
position only a few months after graduation. independently, work to the highest standards
and be driven to succeed. My aspirations for the future are to become
I studied Sport and Exercise Sciences and a leader in the field of exercise performance
in my final year I worked with the Exercise Campus life was a lot of fun and being part testing. Working with elite athletes to assess
Metabolism Research Group investigating of the Edgbaston campus created a sense of their physiology, metabolism, nutrition,
the effects for vitamin D supplementation on community that you do not find at universities hydration and functional strength and
athletic performance. The Sportex department with city centre campuses. movement; helping them to achieve optimal
at the University of Birmingham is one of the performance with proper nutrition, hydration
best in the world. Studying here exposed me Growing up only an hour from the University, and strength conditioning science.
to how the world’s leading scientists conduct I knew Birmingham well and it was great to be
Gemma Kehoe I originally applied to the University of course and knowledge that I will always be
Birmingham for two reasons – one was the supported from the University for as long as
Sport, Physical Education
prestigious reputation the University holds for I want to be alumni.
and Coaching Science both sport and academia, and being a keen
(SPECS) graduate sportswoman I was enticed by the competitive The advice I would give to students would be
standard of sport within the University and the to firstly choose modules you enjoy. If you enjoy
I am currently fortunate to be working for the high quality education provided. I was also the module you are more likely to succeed. Be
Football Association which governs football attracted by the course itself. On the open day, enthusiastic in lectures and practical sessions
across the UK. My job title currently sits within the lecturers were more than welcoming and the more you put in during the three years,
the football development remit of the work the helpful, it offered practically elements which no the more you will get out. Finally take every
FA does. My role as a Get Into Football Officer other university provided to extend theoretical opportunity for courses, volunteering
looks at nurturing, developing and growing knowledge and to really appreciate the value of opportunities and any opportunities you
the game around 16+ and adult participation theory into practice. An element that, in reality, get to do extra sporting activities as full
within all types of football from small-sided, has proved to be a priceless attribute. time employment is getting more and more
to futsal, to the 11-a-side game. We are restricted to the average degree student so
planning to significantly affect the decline in I would like to emphasise to new students the make sure you stand out. SPECS provide
sports participation of the post-16 population way that at the University of Birmingham you students with a lot of opportunities and access
focusing on football as a tool to drive an are always made to feel welcome and at home. to various internal and external opportunities –
increase in active people. The support from staff on SPECS goes above make sure while you are at university you take
and beyond the levels you are prepared for. part as when you leave you won’t have the
I am fortunate to be able to work developing The lectures are made interesting but give you same access or time to be able to do them.
something I am passionate about. I enjoy the what you need to know. The social life is
challenge of creating a positive outlook to always continually on the map and the best bits
football participation post-16 and enjoy for me were being part of a community that had
developing new innovative ideas to really fantastic academic credentials, superb staff
significantly impact the decline. Life in general support and enabled me to gain life long
is also good at the moment enriched with the friendships. It changed my life as I’m now
continuous meeting of new people within work blessed with a full-time job which the
environment impacts on my coaching outside credentials of a degree from the University of
of work that I do with disability children and in Birmingham really supported. I’m also blessed
turn develops my social interactions also. with a group of life long good friends from the
School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences 11
Matt Davies opportunities for members who aspire to there on about any subject you can think of.
work in Asia. This will be achieved through I really like Birmingham as a city – it is very
Applied Golf Management
promoting The PGA brand and the value diverse and there is lots to do. I had moved to
Studies (AGMS) graduate this has to a golf facility. the area a few years before starting the course
so I had an understanding of what to expect.
I currently work for the Professional Golfers’ I studied the Applied Golf Management
Association (PGA) based in Sutton Coldfield, Studies Programme (2007-2010) and My advice to future students would be meet
Birmingham. I have worked there since before graduated with a 1st Class Honours. The as many people as you can, utilize the support
graduating. During the last 4 months of my course benefitted me because I got to make available as much as possible, and get involved
course I was actually working 2 days per week contact with a lot of people at the PGA in as many projects/activities as feasibly
on the guest programme for the 2010 Ryder where I currently work through having 50% possible given your time/finances. University is
Cup. After graduating I then worked for 2 years of my lectures at the PGA National Training not all about the course you have signed up to
in the Education department responsible for Academy. I got to meet a lot of new friends in study, it is about building other key skills and
developing new learning resources. Currently, my first year. I expected the work to be a step experience which can make you more
I have just finished working on the 2012 Ryder up in academic terms from the BTEC which I attractive to future employers.
Cup match in Medinah, Chicago where I was had previously completed, and it was. On the
involved with the VIP guest programme. course I studied, there were only 25 people in Putting it boldly, I wouldn’t have got the job
the year group so I soon got to know everyone I have now if I hadn’t completed the AGMS
Since March 2013 I have been seconded very well. course. That is a huge benefit. However, these
from The PGA to the China Britain Business opportunities don’t just fall into your lap… you
Council to open up a PGA representative Coming from a rural background, to me have to make the most of your time, develop
office in Shenzhen, China. I am working on Edgbaston could be considered a City Centre your skills, speak to people, utilize the
behalf of The PGA World Alliance to provide location! Edgbaston is a nice area to study University’s resources in any way you
greater support, including educational and and there are great transport links into the City can to your advantage.
tournament opportunities to our members who Centre, especially with having the University
are currently working in the region. I will also train station on site. I really enjoyed studying in
be assisting in opening up new employment the main library - you could find information in
Hear more from our students online at www.birmingham.ac.uk
This brochure was written several months in advance of the start of
the academic year. It is intended to provide prospective students with
a general picture of the programmes and courses offered by the School.
our-students Please note that not all programmes or all courses are offered every
year. Also, because our research is constantly exploring new areas
and directions of study some courses may be dropped and new
ones offered in their place.
8184 © University of Birmingham 2013. Printed on a recycled grade paper containing 100% post-consumer waste.
College of Life and
B15 2TT, United Kingdom