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The Effects of Event-Control and Self-Control on Children's Mental

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The Effects of Event-Control and Self-Control on Children's Mental Powered By Docstoc
					 The Effects of Event-Control and
 Self-Control on Children’s Mental-
 Time-Travel Ability
      LIU Yan1,2; YANG Li-Zhu1,2; HOU Yu-Xin1; ZHOU Xu1
1. Research Center of Psychological Development and Education,
   Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
2 . Department of Psychology, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian
    116029, China
Email to sabrinaamy@gmail.com
                     Purposes

 Mental time travel comprises the mental reconstruction 
  of personal events from the past (episodic memory) and 
  the mental construction of possible events in the future 
  (foresight) (Suddendorf & Corballis, 1997). 


 The current study exams whether event-control and self
  -control can affect children’s mental time travel ability.
                       Methods
 Fifty-seven 4-year olds were randomly assigned to one of 
  two conditions: remembering past experiences or 
  simulating future events. 
 Children were asked questions about the same ten events, 
  phrased in past or future tense. 
   ³Half of these events were ones for which parents rated 
      their children as having a high level of control over how 
      the event unfolds
   ³whereas others were rated as “low control”. 
 Children were further divided into two groups (high self-
  control or low self-control) according to the waiting time 
  in delay-of-gratification test.
                          Results
 Table1 the descriptive statistics of episodic memory and 
  foresight of 4-year-old children in different conditions
                        Results
 Children with low self-control ability remembered more 
  specific past experiences for high-control events compared 
  with low-control events.


 Children generated more specific and accurate future 
  imagination for high-control events compared with low-
  control events.  
              Conclusion

Event-control had an effect on mental time 
 travel ability of 4 year olds.

				
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posted:9/10/2013
language:English
pages:6