FedFigures_FederalHiring by WashPostHicks

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									Federal
Hiring
Sequestration, furloughs and pay freezes dominate the news and can affect government’s ability to hire and retain top talent.
The federal government needs to maintain active, healthy hiring levels, if it is to preserve a world-class workforce. So how many
people did the federal government hire last year, and how does that number compare to recent trends? Which government
agencies are doing the most hiring? What is the profile of the 2012 hiring class compared to the federal workforce as a whole?
The Partnership for Public Service analyzed recent federal hiring and employment data to answer these questions, and more.



SIZE OF THE FEDERAL WORKFORCE                                  RECENT HIRING AND SEPARATION TRENDS

2010                                  2012 FEDERAL
                                      WORKFORCE                    NEW HIRES                    The number of new employees each year does not represent the

2000
                                      2.1 MILLION                  LEFT SERVICE
                                                                                                number of “new” jobs added to the federal government, as most
                                                                                                new employees fill vacancies left by those leaving federal service.

                                      FULL-TIME,
                                      PERMANENT,             150 THOUSAND
1990                                  NONSEASONAL                                                                            2012 NEW EMPLOYEES
                                      EMPLOYEES                                                                              GOVERNMENT-WIDE

1980                                  1.8 MILLION
                                                             120
                                                                                                                             89,689
                                                                                                                             PERCENT OF THE TOTAL
1970                                                                                                                         FEDERAL WORKFORCE

                                                              90
                                                                                                                             4.8%
1960
                                                                                                                             PERCENT DECREASE
                                                                                                                             SINCE 2009
1950
                                                              60                                                             37.4%
                                                                     2007      2008      2009      2010     2011      2012
1940

          0.5           1.5           2.5 MILLION




                                                           While hiring is down from previous years, the federal government still hired almost 90 thousand
PERCENT OF TOTAL NEW EMPLOYEES BY AGENCY                   people in fiscal 2012. Hiring levels varied across federal agencies: 26 out of the 39 medium and large
                                                           agencies (those with 1,000 or more employees) hired fewer people in fiscal 2012 than they did in
                                                           fiscal 2011, and the remaining 13 agencies increased hiring that year.
       VETERANS AFFAIRS 24.4%

       ARMY 13.8%

       NAVY 13.2%

       AIR FORCE 8.4%

       HOMELAND SECURITY 6.6%

       JUSTICE 5.9%

       DEFENSE 5.4%

       HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES 4.2%

       COMMERCE 2.7%

       AGRICULTURE 2.2%
                                                       86.8  % OF NEW                        78.8  % OF NEW                         40.8  % OF NEW
                                                       EMPLOYEES WERE                        EMPLOYEES WERE                         EMPLOYEES WERE HIRED
                                                       HIRED BY TEN                          HIRED BY DEFENSE                       BY DEPARTMENT OF
                                                       AGENCIES                              AND SECURITY-                          DEFENSE AGENCIES
       OTHER 13.2%                                                                           RELATED AGENCIES
TOP 10 OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS FOR NEW FEDERAL EMPLOYEES

                                                                 MEDICAL,                       GENERAL
                                                                 HOSPITAL,                      ADMINISTRATIVE,
                                                                 DENTAL AND                     CLERICAL AND                                                                 MISCELLANEOUS
                                                                 PUBLIC HEALTH                  OFFICE SERVICES                          INVESTIGATION                       OCCUPATIONS

          PERCENT OF TOTAL NEW EMPLOYEES                         21.7%                          14.5%                                    6.0%                                5.8%
                                    NEW EMPLOYEES                19,493                         13,033                                   5,349                               5,227
                                 TOTAL EMPLOYEES                 217,922                        296,224                                  183,986                             82,369




A profile of recent federal hires
Who is being hired is important to our nation’s millions of job seekers and to the hiring
managers responsible for planning the federal workforce of tomorrow. This section
profiles the major characteristics of fiscal 2012’s class of new employees and compares
                                                                                                                                            AGE
these characteristics to the composition of the total federal workforce.
                                                                                                                                                  NEW EMPLOYEES
                                                                                                                                                  TOTAL FEDERAL WORKFORCE

                                              In August 2011, President Obama issued executive order #13583,
RACE AND ETHNICITY                            calling for increased diversity within the federal workforce. In
                                              fiscal 2011 (the most recent year for which there is complete data                           < 25                              1.2            8.7
   NEW EMPLOYEES                              on racial demographics of new hires) there was close alignment
                                              between the racial composition of the class of new hires and that                            25-29                           6.6                            17.4
   TOTAL FEDERAL WORKFORCE
                                              of the overall federal workforce.
                                                                                                                                           30-34                 10.1                                     17.2

WHITE                 66.9                                                                                                       70.3      35-39                     9.7                          12.5

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN                                 16.9               15.9                                                          40-44               12.4                                13.7

HISPANIC OR LATINO                                        8.1             5.2                                                              45-49        15.8                                      12.4

ASIAN                                                       4.9           5.0                                                              50-54       17.5                                  9.4

AMERICAN INDIAN OR ALASKA NATIVE                                 1.4   1.6                                                                 55-59          14.6                        5.8

MIXED RACE                                                       1.2   1.4                                                                 60-64                      8.4              2.2

NATIVE HAWAIIAN OR PACIFIC ISLANDER                                                                                                        > 64                        3.5           0.7
                                                                 0.5   0.5



                 70     60     50    40     30       20    10                10     20     30      40             50        60      70            20            10                                 10               20



  Data Sources: Unless otherwise noted below, all                                    The percentage of new female
                                                                   GENDER            employees in 2012 was 40.8 percent.
                                                                                                                                            DISABILITY STATUS
  data refer to non-seasonal, full-time, permanent
  federal civilian employees excluding USPS.                                         This percentage has fluctuated slightly
  FedScope Database (fedscope.opm.gov), U.S.                           FEMALE        in the last five years, ranging from 38.5                    EMPLOYEES WITH DISABILITIES
  Office of Personnel Management, Sept. 2012.                          MALE          percent in 2011 to 42.7 percent in 2008.                     EMPLOYEES WITHOUT DISABILITIES
  Size of the Federal Workforce: 1940-2011 data,
                                                                                         TOTAL                                                                                   TOTAL
  “Historical Federal Workforce Tables,” U.S. Office                                           FE
                                                                                                    DE                                       90.3%            9.7%                     FE
                                                                                                         RA                                                                               D   ER
  of Personnel Management.                                                                                                                                                                         AL
                                                                                                              L
  Race and Ethnicity, Disability Status, and
                                                                                                                  W




                                                                                                                                                                                                        W
                                                                                                                   O




  Education Level: data refer to Partnership for
                                                                                                                                                                 11.6
                                                                                                                                                                                                         O
                                                                                                                       RK




                                                                                                                                                                                                         RK




  Public Service analysis of the Central Personnel
                                                                                                                       FO




                                                                                                                                                                                                             FO




  Data File (now called EHRI-SDM) for new hires
                                                                                                                        RC E




                                                                                                                                                                                                             RC E




  in 2011.
  Veteran Status: “Employment of Veterans in the                                            40.8
  Federal Executive Branch Fiscal Year 2011,” U.S.
  Office of Personnel Management. The Status
  of Veterans Employment: Hearing Before the
                                                                       59.2
  Committee of Veterans’ Affairs, 111th Cong., 2009.                                                                                                                             88.4
  Location/D.C. metro: Are federal workers
  underpaid?: Hearing before the Committee on
  Oversight and Government Reform, 112th Cong.,
  2011.
                                                                                           57.3%          42.7%


PARTNERSHIP FOR PUBLIC SERVICE
                                                               SOCIAL SCIENCE,
INFORMATION               ENGINEERING AND                      PSYCHOLOGY                   ACCOUNTING             BUSINESS                       LEGAL AND
TECHNOLOGY                ARCHITECTURE                         AND WELFARE                  AND BUDGET             AND INDUSTRY                   KINDRED

5.3%                      5.0%                                 4.9%                         4.8%                   4.4%                           4.3%
4,731                     4,504                                4,420                        4,295                  3,922                          3,873
80,492                    128,623                              84,158                       116,516                96,046                         99,220



                          The General Schedule (GS) is a 15-level, government-wide pay and
GS LEVEL                  classification system used for the majority of the federal workforce, and
                                                                                                               VETERAN STATUS
                          when combined with figures from the Senior Executive Service (SES),
   ENTRY LEVEL            provide a helpful look into the seniority of government workers. The largest             VETERAN
   MID LEVEL              number of new employees were hired at the GS-5 level, at 12,990.                         NON-VETERAN
   SENIOR LEVEL                                                                                                                 TOTAL
                                                                                                                                      F ED
   SES                                                                                                                                       ER
                                                                                                                                                  AL




                                                                                                                                                       W
                                                                                                                                                        O
                          NEW HIRES




                                                                                                                                                        RK
                                                                                                                                                            FO
                                                                                                                                                            RC E
                                   GS 1-2
   SES                             0.2%                                                                                              44.7
   1.1%
                        GS 15      GS 3 GS 4
                   GS 14 1.6%                                                                                                                                      29.2%
             GS 13 3.2%
                                   1.0% 6.2%
                                                                                                                    55.3
              7.5%                                                                                                                                                 70.8%

                                                                 GS 5
  GS 12                                                          18.8%
  10.2%                 12.3                                                                     0.6



                                                                                      29.6             34.6
                                                                                                              VETERAN HIRING TRENDS
                 23.5                                                                                         In 2009, President Obama issued executive order #13518,
GS 11
11.7%                                  63.1                                                  35.2             calling for increased veterans hiring within the federal
                                                                                                              government.
                                                                      GS 6
                                                                      8.3%
                                                                                     TOTAL FEDERAL            50 PERCENT
                                                                                      WORKFORCE
                                                                                                                                                                     44.7
     GS 10
      1.6%

                                                  GS 7                                                        40
                 GS 9
                12.0%                             15.3%                                                                                                  39.2
                           GS 8
                           1.4%                                                                                        37.1               35.9
                                                                                                                                 35.0
                                                                                                              30
                                                                                                                     2007     2008      2009           2010        2011     2012
                                            In fiscal 2011, the percentage of advanced degree
EDUCATION LEVEL                             holders among new employees exceeded the
                                            percentage of the total workforce with those degrees.
   NEW EMPLOYEES
   TOTAL FEDERAL WORKFORCE
                                                                                                              FEDS HIRE VETS
                                                                                                              In comparison to the private sector, the federal
< HIGH SCHOOL                                            0.6    0.2                                           government hires a greater percentage of veterans.

HIGH SCHOOL        42.9                                                                                43.7   1x    PRIVATE-SECTOR BASELINE

ASSOCIATES                                             8.8        8.6

BACHELORS                   31.8                                                     28.9
                                                                                                                     3x     VETERANS


MASTERS                                         13.3                     15.5
                                                                                                                                     7x    DISABLED VETERANS

DOCTORATE                                              2.6        3.1
                                                                                                                                                              SEVERELY
                                                                                                                                               10x            INJURED
                                                                                                                                                              VETERANS
                   40      30         20        10                      10      20          30         40

                                                                                                                                     FED FIGURES | FEDERAL HIRING
                                                                                        TOP 10 JURISDICTIONS
 PERCENT OF TOTAL NEW EMPLOYEES BY LOCATION
                                                                                        OTHER STATES (EACH < 2.5%)


                                                 Federal hiring levels within the country show variation by state.
                                                 States tend to have higher hiring levels if they are within the D.C.
                                                 metro area, have large military bases or research centers and have          44.2
                                                 large populations. The ten jurisdictions with the highest number
                                                 of new hires in fiscal 2012 accounted for more new employees
                                                 than the other 41 states combined. A substantial percentage of
                                                 the federal workforce—approximately 85 percent—lives and works
                                                 outside of the D.C. metro area.                                                          55.8
             10
                   WASHINGTON
                   2.5%



                                                                                                                                   NEW YORK
                                                                                                                                        2.7%
                                                                                                                                                     9


                                                                                                                           PENNSYLVANIA
                                                                                                                                               8
                                                                                                                                   2.8%
                                                                                                                                                    5    MARYLAND
                                                                                                                                                         5.8%
             CALIFORNIA
        4    7.1%                                                                                                                  VIRGINIA
                                                                                                                                              1
                                                                                                                                      10.8%                  2
                                                                                                                                                             D.C.
                                                                                                                                                             9.0%


                                                                                                                               7
                                                                                                                              GEORGIA
                                                                              TEXAS                                           3.2%
                                                                         3    8.0%

                                                                                                                                                   FLORIDA
                                                                                                                                          6        3.8%




In analyzing federal hiring data, the Partnership finds:                                 It may be tempting to think that simply because hiring levels were so low
                                                                                         last year, the quality and characteristics of new hires should receive less
•	   In absolute numbers, the federal workforce shrunk last year.                        attention. Yet the present reduced-hiring climate may be here to stay, and
                                                                                         the hired class of fiscal 2012 will be government’s future leaders. This means
•	   The majority of new hires are into professional positions (e.g., STEMM)
                                                                                         that in addition to immediate implications for citizen services, just who the
     where competition for highly skilled individuals is steep.
                                                                                         federal government hires today will have long-term impact on our nation’s
•	   Just four defense and security-related agencies (Defense, Justice,                  ability to meet its future challenges.
     Veterans Affairs and Homeland Security) accounted for more than
     three out of every four new hires.                                                  For further information on best hiring practices, see “What’s My Role:
                                                                                         A Step-by-Step Hiring Guide for Federal Managers.” Available at
•	   Though these differences are slight, the share of recent new hires                  ourpublicservice.org/publications.
     held by females or individuals identifying as Hispanic or African
     American was smaller than their share of the total federal workforce.
     Veterans and individuals identifying as White or Asian had higher
     representation in the recent hiring class than in the total federal
     workforce.




The Partnership for Public Service is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization that works to revitalize our federal government by inspiring a new generation to
serve and by transforming the way government works. For further information about the Partnership, visit ourpublicservice.org.



PARTNERSHIP FOR PUBLIC SERVICE

								
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