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IR4502 International Peace_ Sources and dynamics of conflicts

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					      IR4502
International Peace:
    Theories and
 dynamics of peace
     Dr Andrea Oelsner
         F68 EWB
   a.oelsner@abdn.ac.uk
How do IR theories define and explain
              peace?
n   Rationalist approaches
    n   Neorealism
         n   Deterrence
         n   Balance of power
         n   Arms balances
         n   Regional hegemon
         n   Extra-regional power
         n   External threat encouraging alliance formation
How do IR theories define and explain
              peace?
n   Rationalist approaches
    n   Neoliberalism
         n   Absolute rather than relative gains: economic cost
             of war
         n   International trade
         n   International institutions
         n   International law
         n   Collective security regimes
How do IR theories define and explain
              peace?
n   Democratic peace theory
    n   Monadic
         n   Structural institutional explanation
         n   Normative explanation
    n   Dyadic explanations
         n   Mutual identification of values and principles
         n   Mutual identification of democratic constraints
         n   Increased transparency
How do IR theories define and explain
              peace?
n   Constructivism
    n   Processes of identity construction
    n   Processes of de-securitization
    n   Regional security communities
    n   Different types of peace
         n   no-war zones, zones of peace, and pluralistic security communities
             (K. Holsti)
         n   war, negative peace, stable peace, and a pluralistic security
             community (A. Kacowicz)
         n   war, unstable war, unstable peace, and stable peace (K. Boulding)
         n   precarious, conditional, and stable peace (A. George)
         n   cold, normal, and warm peace (B. Miller)
         n   chaos, regional conflict formations, security regimes, and security
             community (O. Waever)
Post-Cold War model of domestic
liberal peace
n   Sovereignty
n   HHRR
n   Self-determination
n   Democracy
n   Free Market
n   Civil Society

n   Problems
    n   Compatibility of all principles?
    n   Whose model of peace?
Reading for next week:
n   Chan, Steve, ‘In Search of Democratic Peace: Problems and Promise’,
    Mershon International Studies Review (41:1, 1997), pp. 59-91. Available online.
n   Galtung, Johan, ‘Violence, Peace and Peace Research,’ Journal of Peace
    Research (6:3, 1969) pp. 167-191.
n   George, Alexander L., ‘Strategies for Preventive Diplomacy and Conflict
    Resolution: Scholarship for Policy-Making,’ Cooperation and Conflict (34:1,
    1999), pp.9-19. Available online.
n   Kacowicz, Arie M. and Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov, ‘Stable peace: a conceptual
    framework,’ in Arie M. Kacowicz et al. (eds.) Stable Peace among Nations
    (Lanham, Md.; Oxford: Rowman and Littlefield, 2000). Xerox Heavy Demand
    desk and 327.172 Kac
n   Paris, Roland, ‘Peacebuilding and the Limits of Liberal Internationalism,’
    International Security (22:2, 1997), pp.54-89. Available online.
n   Rothman, Jay and Marie L. Olson, ‘From interests to identities: towards a new
    emphasis in interactive conflict resolution,’ Journal of Peace Research (38:3,
    2001) pp. 289-306. Available online.
n   Wagner, R. Harrison, ‘Peace, War, and the Balance of Power’, American
    Political Science Review (88:3, 1994), pp. 593-607. Available online.

				
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posted:9/6/2013
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