IR4502 International Peace: Theories and dynamics of peace Dr Andrea Oelsner F68 EWB email@example.com How do IR theories define and explain peace? n Rationalist approaches n Neorealism n Deterrence n Balance of power n Arms balances n Regional hegemon n Extra-regional power n External threat encouraging alliance formation How do IR theories define and explain peace? n Rationalist approaches n Neoliberalism n Absolute rather than relative gains: economic cost of war n International trade n International institutions n International law n Collective security regimes How do IR theories define and explain peace? n Democratic peace theory n Monadic n Structural institutional explanation n Normative explanation n Dyadic explanations n Mutual identification of values and principles n Mutual identification of democratic constraints n Increased transparency How do IR theories define and explain peace? n Constructivism n Processes of identity construction n Processes of de-securitization n Regional security communities n Different types of peace n no-war zones, zones of peace, and pluralistic security communities (K. Holsti) n war, negative peace, stable peace, and a pluralistic security community (A. Kacowicz) n war, unstable war, unstable peace, and stable peace (K. Boulding) n precarious, conditional, and stable peace (A. George) n cold, normal, and warm peace (B. Miller) n chaos, regional conflict formations, security regimes, and security community (O. Waever) Post-Cold War model of domestic liberal peace n Sovereignty n HHRR n Self-determination n Democracy n Free Market n Civil Society n Problems n Compatibility of all principles? n Whose model of peace? Reading for next week: n Chan, Steve, ‘In Search of Democratic Peace: Problems and Promise’, Mershon International Studies Review (41:1, 1997), pp. 59-91. Available online. n Galtung, Johan, ‘Violence, Peace and Peace Research,’ Journal of Peace Research (6:3, 1969) pp. 167-191. n George, Alexander L., ‘Strategies for Preventive Diplomacy and Conflict Resolution: Scholarship for Policy-Making,’ Cooperation and Conflict (34:1, 1999), pp.9-19. Available online. n Kacowicz, Arie M. and Yaacov Bar-Siman-Tov, ‘Stable peace: a conceptual framework,’ in Arie M. Kacowicz et al. (eds.) Stable Peace among Nations (Lanham, Md.; Oxford: Rowman and Littlefield, 2000). Xerox Heavy Demand desk and 327.172 Kac n Paris, Roland, ‘Peacebuilding and the Limits of Liberal Internationalism,’ International Security (22:2, 1997), pp.54-89. Available online. n Rothman, Jay and Marie L. Olson, ‘From interests to identities: towards a new emphasis in interactive conflict resolution,’ Journal of Peace Research (38:3, 2001) pp. 289-306. Available online. n Wagner, R. Harrison, ‘Peace, War, and the Balance of Power’, American Political Science Review (88:3, 1994), pp. 593-607. Available online.
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