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Field Level Hazard Assessment A Workflow for Field Level Hazard Assessment contains elements of risk Any work environment contains elements of risk. The dominant risk factor cannot even be avoided as humans can create the greatest risk of all. We all make mistakes. That said, the other risk factors can be addressed and mitigated with the application of a proper risk management process . FLHA • The effective running of any business or activity demands supervision. Making sure that the physical work space is as safe as possible requires what is known as a field level hazard assessment. This is a safety process which contains a few basic steps to be done in order which, when applied will measurably increase workplace safety. Once a hazard is identified Once a hazard is identified, the first step is to assess the hazard. The immediate concerns and the highest level of threats should be addressed first, but that is not all assessment means in this context. The entire group must participate and bring to the meeting their ideas of what are hazardous and what to do about them, their knowledge brought to the team is the most effective way to protect all against injury and loss . Once the site has been assessed for the hazards, the next step is to control these. There are several ways to mitigate hazards, there is elimination of the problem entirely, there are engineering controls which are put in place as part of the design of the project, there are administrative controls, practices and procedures for the best and safest way to so the job, the last line of defense is personal protective equipment. The key to the statement • Develop a practical and common risk assessment process which enables Workers to recognize, assess and control risks to people, property, materials and the environment. Practical: a process that is available, feasible and useful in everyday application by workers in the field • Common: a process that is applicable to any worker and is used on a regular basis • Worker: a person engaged in any occupation • Enable: to supply workers with the means to be able to do Build the Foundation of Safety The Difference is Clear Some events need not happen Think about the Hazard Chain A simple 5 Step Process HSE’s FLRA in three easy steps. • Step 1 – Indicate the Task. Step 2 – Identify the Hazard Step 3 – Plan your Hazard Controls but not limited to The Field Level Risk Assessment (FLRA) is documented to identify additional hazards or controls that may be required to protect all worker at the worksite and may include the use of other forms or checklists such as (but not limited to): •Field Level Risk Assessment cards •Cold or Hot Work Permits •Confined Space Entry permit •Ground Disturbance Checklists •Work at Heights Checklists •Critical Lift Checklists •Mobile Lift Equipment Checklists 5 ways to reduce the hazard • Don’t Do It - if the job can not be done safety, don’t do it. NO job is EVER worth injuring or killing yourself. • Elimination or Substitution - remove the hazard from the workplace. Nasty chemical? Use safer one that can do the job. • Engineering Controls – this includes making changes to the design of the equipment or the processes that you use. • Administrative Controls – this is making changes in the way the work is done, filling out an FLRA is an administrative control as it requires the worker changes how they do things – to stop and think before moving ahead to begin the task – which in turn helps reduce the hazard potential. • Personal Protective Equipment – it is last for a reason. PPE is the absolute, no questions asked, the lest effective way to prevent workers from coming in contact with energy sources that can hurt them. PPE, dependent on the type of work, can range from rubber gloves to safety glasses to fire retardant clothing to full face SCBA (self contain breathing apparatus – its what firefighters us when they go into a smokey building). Build the Safety Bridge Each Control you put down may not completely remove the hazard but each will play its part in reducing it overall potential the hazard has of making contact with person, property, process or the environment. As you can see for a single task you could end up with multiple hazards and for each hazard you can have multiple controls. In the nerdy statistical world, this is called a non- overlapped exponential pyramid. I call it lots of things to think about! Sign Off On It Once the hazard has been controlled to the appropriate standards, the next step in the workflow is to carry out the work, but there should be regular reviews of the work and hazards throughout the day to ensure that the risks are still being controlled . It is important that this step is understood as a part of the process and ensures continuous hazard assessment and control. Once you review the hazards, have everyone involved, sign off on it again.
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