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Chapter 12 A NEW NATION _1836-1845_ - Allen Independent

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Chapter 12 A NEW NATION _1836-1845_ - Allen Independent Powered By Docstoc
					    Chapter 12

    A New Nation




1
    THE TREATIES OF VELASCO
    Public Terms – for everyone to see

     l The war between Mexico and Texas was
         officially ended, and Texas was declared
         independent.
     l   Santa Anna would not take up arms against
         Texas.
     l   All Mexican forces would withdraw beyond the
         Rio Grande.
     l   Prisoners would be exchanged.
     l   Mexico would return all captured property.
     l   Texas leaders would promptly return Santa
         Anna to Mexico.
2
           David Burnet
    President, Republic of Texas




3
 THE TREATIES OF VELASCO
 Secret Terms
 l Provided for Santa Anna’s immediate
   release
 l Santa Anna would try to persuade
   Mexican leaders to recognize the
   independence of Texas.
 l Santa Anna would push for the Rio
   Grande to be Mexico’s border with
4
   Texas.
    TREATIES OF VELASCO

    l Signed on May 14, 1836,

     by David G. Burnet and Santa Anna



5
    RESPONSE TO THE TREATIES
    OF VELASCO
    Texans Respond:
    1. A small force stopped Santa Anna



                  2. David G. Burnet imprisoned him




6
    Mexican Response:

    Leaders did not recognize treaties or
      Texas independence because…

    l Texas violated the terms of the treaty
      AND Santa Anna signed the treaty
      while in prison
    l And… this led to unsettled relationships
      between Mexico and Texas

7
    Question:

    Why was the election of 1836
    significant?




8
                   Results of the Election of 1836




     President:             Vice President:              Congress:
    Sam Houston             Mirabeau B. Lamar         elected senators
                                                     and representatives



               Constitution:             Annexation:
            approved the Texas         voted to seek U.S.
             Constitution of 1836      annexation of Texas


9
     Question:

     What were some of the actions of the
     Republic’s first government?




10
 Houston’s First Term


     Action         Description

     Cabinet        •   secretary of state: Stephen F. Austin
                    •   secretary of the treasury: Henry Smith
                    •   secretary of war: Thomas J. Rusk
                    •   secretary of the navy: Samuel Rhoads Fisher
     Court System   •   courts: Supreme Court; four district courts; 23
                        county courts; justice courts
     Boundaries     • to the south and west—Rio Grande; not
                      recognized by Mexico
     Capital        • Houston, near Harrisburg on Buffalo Bayou




11
     PRESIDENT HOUSTON
     ATTEMPTS TO SOLVE:

     1.   Military problems




12
     TEXAS RANGERS
     l   Formed in 1835
     l   Ready to ride at any time
     l   Tried to keep the peace along the Texas
            frontier.




13
     …AND ATTEMPTS TO SOLVE:



     2. Economic problems

     Financial panic/crisis, known as
       the Panic of 1837, led to an
       economic depression in Texas.



14
     HOUSTON WORKS TO
     PROTECT TEXAS INDIANS
     l Houston wanted to avoid a war with Texas
       Indians
     l Worked for a peaceful solution
     l Promoted trade with the Indians
     l Many in the Republic disagreed with
       Houston
15
     Mirabeau Lamar Elected President




16
     LAMAR AND EDUCATION

     l Known as the “Father of
       Education”

     l Set aside land for public
       school and universities




17
     PROBLEMS OF LAMAR’S
     ADMINISTRATION
     l Economic hard times
     l Rising debt due to increased military spending &
       declining currency
     l Conflicts with Indians and settlers




18
     WARS WITH THE INDIANS
               l Lamar wanted American
                 Indians removed from
                 Texas
               l In 1839 Lamar ordered the
                 Cherokee to leave Texas
                 and sent troops to remove
                 them
               l Many battles between the
                 Texans and Indians



19
     HOUSTON’S
     SECOND ADMINISTRATION
     l Cut government spending in hopes of achieving a
       balanced budget
     l Cut government jobs and salaries
     l Reduced the size of the military and hoped to sell the
       navy
     l Issued a new currency and limited its circulation
     l Returned peaceful relationships between the Indians
       and Texans

20
     The End!!




21
     Using the glossary, define the terms listed
     and….




              Chapter 12 Quiz
          on Thursday, January 11




22

				
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