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									 ARCHITECTURAL INSPIRATIONS                               starting from the educational period. The internet and
                                                          the new technologies in education play an important
             IN                                           role in getting to know different cultures. Television is
       FASHION DESIGN                                     also a visual culture. It is necessary for the designer
                                                          to follow the new trends and the changes in fashion
             Prof. Dr. Halime Paksoy                      since it is a retroactive design process. All kinds of
               Çukurova University                        media are important in understanding and
               Faculty of Fine Arts                       interpreting the visual perception of the designers.
           Department of Textiles, Turkey
                                                          Here is an example how media- internet- and
                Instr. Sema Yalç›n                        communication         technologies-       newspapers,
               Çukurova University                        magazines, cable televisions- affect the designer
               Faculty of Fine Arts                       students. A group of fashion design students in Fine
           Department of Textiles, Turkey                 Arts Faculty in Cukurova University designed unique
                    syalcin@cu.edu.tr                     garments inspired by architecture. They started by
                                                          looking through architectural magazines and
                                                          interactive media to select a building. Once they have
Introduction:                                             decided what kind of architecture might inspire them,
Today’s one of the most rewarding professions is the      they selected the building and studied its form and
designer working in art business. A design process        details by drawing sketches. They focused on several
involves a series of creative activities including        details of the building: the windows, doors, roofs,
research, analysis and decision making. The               stairways, decoration, colors and textures as well as
designer creates designs that are attractive and          the overall form. They also took the surroundings of
functional and uniquely suited to the human needs.        the building into consideration. The sketches that
                                                          they have drawn guided them in deciding which
A good designer needs to be a constant observer           details are to be used and which are to be eliminated.
and creative thinker as well as a good listener, a        Finally they have combined the basic elements into
careful interpreter and a skilled crafts person.          their fashion designs. In these student designs
Ultimately the designer must be an artist! He must        inspired from architecture you can discover
understand style, composition, balance, aesthetics        interesting textures, glamorous colors and strong
and human emotions and also understand the vision         design features which reflect their source and are
and the psychology of perception. Using these tools       also concepts in their own style. In the following
the designer must learn to think, feel and create with    paper, the examples from these designs will be given
his heart. The designer needs a new, fresh,               and architectural interactions will be discussed.
innovative spark for creating. It is wondered where all
these design ideas come from! Inspiration for design      Architecture & Fashion Design
themes can be found everywhere.                           Architecture can be an inspiration for a fashion
                                                          design. It may seem a little surprising to use an
With an enquiring mind the further extremes should        architectural building as an inspiration for fashion
be explored to find an inspiration and almost             design, but all examples of architecture, whether
everything can be a creative spark to the designer. A     traditional or contemporary, can cause a creative
designer should always be aware of the environment        spark to the designer. Whether it is in the overall
as well as the changing time; music trends, street        theme of a building or just a detail, useful ideas in the
culture, films, and fine art movements. Today’s           architecture can be found as inspiration to create a
interactive world provides innumerable opportunities      garment Architecture and fashion may seem far from
for the designer. The designer gets to know media         each other; in architecture, designing monumental
                                                          buildings are meant for a long visual life, whereas
fashion in clothes changes every season. However,         visual. Topological layer specifies the fashion mode,
both forms are three dimensional and contain space;       geometrical layer produces varieties of shapes and
both are structured; both are related to fine arts and    visual layer implements the real dress in various
visual.                                                   media like TV, publications, etc. [2]. This topological
                                                          approach is also valid in architectural design.
Three dimensional form and space is the basis of
architecture and so are the most designed objects in      The inspiration for garment silhouettes and details
art. In evaluating a designed object different            can be found in almost any architectural source. The
perspectives should be considered. Three                  inspiring architecture may be a very familiar
dimensional designs as in architecture, sculpture,        traditional building as well as an artifact somewhere
and fashion occupy a space which affects the overall      in the world which may be very far away. Here
form of the design. Fashion designers, who have to        interactive media is very important for the designer in
have a spatial way of thinking like architects,           getting to know the architecture as well as its different
translate a two dimensional material (cloth) into a       aspects. When the architecture is investigated by the
three dimensional form (body-shaped garment).             designer an unexpected detail of a building may
Fabric is a two dimensional shape but when it is          become one of the magnificent features of the
constructed as a garment surrounding the human            garment design.
body, it becomes a three dimensional form which has
its own space as well. Fashion designer needs to          Examples From Student Designs
experiment with form and shape, while designing and       SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE
constructing a garment that is appropriate to human       Surrounded by water on three sides, Sydney Opera
body.                                                     House is one of the most magnificent buildings,
                                                          constructed by Danish architect Jorn Utzon, on one
Riegelman gives a very poetic description of the          of the most beautiful harbors in the world (Picture 1).
similarities between architecture and fashion with her    Rising in the Sydney Harbor, Sydney Opera House is
following words [1]: “Draping is like architecture: the   meant to look like a giant sailing ship. The Opera
body is the armature, the internal structure, and the     House is 197 feet high and famous with its
fabric, like skin, glides over this frame. Fabric falls   overlapping shell roof structure [3].
and twists, forms knots, bends and curves, like a river
it ebbs and flows over the contours of the body.”         Özezen [5] constructed costumes inspired by Sydney
Designed garments have to be conceived in relation        Opera House (Figure 1). She used the structure of
to function as well as the contours of the human body     the Opera House to form the main parts of the
that will use the object. Fashion designer is also        garments. In Figure 1a, the roof of the Opera House,
expected to be extremely creative and eager to            looking like segments of an orange, has been used in
explore his or her future environment. Fashion            forming the sheer and overlapping sleeves of the
designer must have some idea of the development           blouse and the mini skirt. In this example the form
and origins of fashion and trends that come and go in     has been dominating element of the design. The blue
art and design. The designer must produce unique          water of the harbor gave its color to the fabric. As
and innovative designs which will present new             seen in these examples architecture can surround a
challenges, new obstacles and new human                   human body as well as Sydney Harbor!
dynamics.

Kunii and Wachi consider fashion to be an influential
medium which leads the social trends internationally.
Topological model in fashion is mentioned to allow
several varieties of dress designs. This is described
as a three layers model: topological, geometrical,
Picture 1. Sydney Opera House, Section Drawing on the right and photograph on the left [4]




Figure 1a.                                                                     Figure 1b.




Figure 1c.                                                                     Figure 1d.

        Figure 1. Özezen’s costume designs inspired by Sydney Opera House [5]]
LA BOCA-BUENOS AIRES                                     wooden tiled houses has been used in forming the
Perhaps the most colorful area in Buenos Aires is La     texture of the fabric of the garment. The horizontal
Boca (Picture 2), which sits along the port, is often    accordion pleats of the narrow dress reflect La
perceived as the birthplace of tango. The main street    Boca’s blue painted houses (Figure 2a). Roof of the
in La Boca is full of brightly painted houses made of    houses has become long and flared skirt details
wood and metal where fairs for artisans and painters,    (Figure 2c). The colors of the designed garments are
and open air tango shows are held [6].                   the most outstanding element of the designs that also
                                                         reflects La Boca’s cheerful and dynamic atmosphere.
The vibrant, bright colors and typical wooden            This work by fiimflek shows that in Adana, far away
structure of the houses in La Boca (Picture 2) have      from Buenos Aires, the architectural inspirations can
inspired fiimflek [8] and as a result flamboyant           lead a fashion designer to reflect the nostalgia of
garments are designed. The structure of horizontal       tango!

                                                                                        Figure 2b.




                Picture 2 La Boca [7]




                                                                                                      Figure 2c.




                                                                                               Figure 2d.
                                            Figure 2a.

                           Figure 2. fiimflek’s costume designs inspired by La Boca [8]
GALATA TOWER                                              stone texture reflects the form of the tower. The
One of the most striking landmarks of Istanbul,           effective use of minimal coloring like the pale tones of
Galata Tower (Picture 3) has dominated Beyo¤lu’s          grey, black and brown also reflects the original colors
skyline since 1348 and still offers the best panoramic    in the architectural source (Figure 3a). The conical
views of the city. It is a huge stone tower with its      top of the tower has become a fascinating dress with
cone-capped cylinder top. Originally known as Tower       beads hanging on the hemline (Figure 3b). In figure
of Christ, it was built by Genoese colony to defend       3c the arcaded columns adorning the tower have
themselves [9].                                           also become the skirt details of a sheath dress. The
                                                          hard stone texture has been shaped into a drape;
The massive and stable stone form of the tower has        sliding over the hip to the knee curving under the bust
inspired the fashion designer Horuzo¤lu [11]. The         (Figure3d). The form, structure and texture of the
tower of Christ (Picture 3) has become a real             fashion designs all remind Galata Tower.
authentic garment. The folding skirt with its hard,
                                                                                              Figure 3b.




             Picture 3. Galata Tower [10]




                                                                                                           Figure 3c.




           Figure 3a.                                                                         Figure 3d.


                        Figure 3. Horuzo¤lu’s costume designs inspired by Galata Tower [11]
SAFRANBOLU HOUSES                                          designer, ‹daye [14]. The wooden structure of the
Safranbolu houses (Picture 4) are constructed in the       houses is the texture of the dress as well as the form
style of the traditional Turkish architecture at the       of the skirt (Figure 4a). It is over the edge! The
beginning of 18th and 19th century, and are located        windows, which add a special appearance to the
at different regions of Safranbolu district. There are     facades of the houses, are used as body of the
approximately 2000 traditional houses with very            costume (Figure 4b). You can see the small details of
specific urban structures and architecture styles. The     the architecture as becoming big accessories of the
houses are constructed from stones, sun- dried brick,      dresses. The stone structure covering the entrance of
wood and tile. Long and narrow bay windows of              the houses has become the texture of the hat with its
Safranbolu houses are very typical [12].                   small brim as the accessory of the costume (Figure
                                                           4b). The wooden handles at the windows have also
These Turkish houses have also become an                   become striking buttons of the coats (Figure 4d).
inspiration for contemporary garment designs of
                                                                                          Figure 4a.




           Picture 4. Safranbolu House [13]




                                                                                                       Figure 4d.




                                                                                                 Figure 4b.

                                              Figure 4c.
                       Figure 4. ‹daye’s costume designs inspired by Safranbolu Houses [14]
TAJ MAHAL                                                   architecture at sunset! The four minarets existing at
Taj Mahal (Picture 5), meaning Crown Palace, is             the corners of Taj Mahal have become a narrow, midi
regarded as one of the Seven Wonders of the World,          dress with its geometric and symmetric architectural
and was built by Emperor Shah Jahan in the memory           elements as being the outstanding elements of
of his dear wife and Queen Mumtaz Mahal at Agra,            fashion design. It has a focus on waist (Figure 5a).
India. As a tribute to a beautiful woman and as a           The curving and gently swelling dome has become a
monument for enduring love it impresses feminine            bulbous skirt with a curved hemline and its upper
feelings. It is the sum of Islamic architecture and         details being a bustier (Figure 5c). The arches of the
Hindu architecture of pre-Islamic India. It is entirely a   entrance gate have become striking skirt
white marble tomb with its thick walls, corbelled           details(Figure 5d). The rigid and at the same time
arches, and heavy lintels. The color changes at             ethereal form of the tomb is reflected in the pattern,
different hours of the day and during different             texture and form of the garments. Shah Jahan has
seasons. Its stunning architectural beauty is beyond        built the tomb in the memory of his beloved wife so
adequate description, particularly at dawn and sunset       the architecture impresses feminine feelings.
[15].                                                       Maruldal› [17] has also impressed by these feminine
                                                            feelings in using accessories in the garments (Figure
The garment designs inspired from Taj Mahal(Picture         5d).
5) reflect the dreamlike appearance of the




                Picture 5. Taj Mahal [16]




                                                            Figure 5c.


                                                                                                        Figure 5d.




Figure 5a.                                     Figure 5b.

                          Figure 5. Maruldal›’s costume designs inspired by Taj Mahal [17]
KONGRESSHALLE                                               supports [18]. Yüksek [19] has designed high fashion
The Congress Hall (Picture 6) is a timeless, modern         garments inspired by Kongresshalle (Picture 6). Its
architecture and ideal spatial configuration located in     arching roof has become an arching and stiff mini
the center of Berlin. This unique building, designed        skirt which also reflects the architecture’s modern
by the architect Hugh Stubbins, is striking for its clear   and unique structure (Figure 6a). In this example
and arching forms and many interesting architectural        Yüksek adapted the most interesting part of the
details. The shiny aluminum dome can be seen from           architecture to the garment designs. The form of the
far away. Despite the suspended appearance of the           architecture leads the designer to create ultra
arching form of the roof, it is mounted on two external     modern fashion!

                                                                                             Figure 6b.




              Picture 6. Kongresshalle [20]




                                                                                                           Figure 6c.




                                                                                                     Figure 6d.

Figure 6a.
                         Figure 6. Yüksek’s costume designs inspired by Kongresshalle [19]
References                                             12. Republic of Turkey,Ministry of Culture-
1. Riegelman, N., (2003), 9 Heads- A Guide to          Safranbolu Houses
Drawing Fashion,(Third Eddition ), 9 Heads Media       goturkey.kultur.gov.tr/
in assosiation with Art Center College of              destinasyon_en.asp?belgeno=10272&belgekod=961
Design,Pasadena,California,USA, 104.                   5&baslik=KarabÃÂ_k
2. Kunii, T. And Wachi T., “Topological Dress          13. Safranbolu Houses.
Making as Fashion Media Modeling”, 1998                http://www.altinsafran.com/ingevleri.htm
MultiMedia Modeling, October 12-15, 1998
                                                       14. ‹daye, R,.(2004), Costume designs inspired by
Lousanne,Switzerland,
                                                       architecture, Project for Apparel Design Course at
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/abs_free.jsp?arNumber
                                                       Çukurova University Faculty of Fine Arts Textiles
=722993
                                                       Department, 35x50 cm.colored pencil and water
3. Opera House.                                        color
http://www.anzac.com/aust/nsw/soh.htm
                                                       15. Taj Mahal-A Tribute To Beauty
4. Sydney Opera House-Jorn Utson-Great Buildings       http://www.angelfire.com/in/myindia/tajmahal.html
Online.
                                                       16. Taj Mahal-Emperor Shah Jahan-Great Buildinds
http://www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/Sydney_Op
                                                       Online
era.html
                                                       http://www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/Taj_Mahal.h
5. Özezen, N.,(2004), Costume designs inspired by      tml
architecture, Project for Apparel Design Course at
                                                       17. Maruldal›, R,.(2004), Costume designs inspired
Çukurova University Faculty of Fine Arts Textiles
                                                       by architecture, Project for Apparel Design Course
Department, 35x50 cm.colored pencil
                                                       at Çukurova University Faculty of Fine Arts Textiles
6. Boenos Aires-Explorations.                          Department, 35x50 cm.colored pencil and water
http://www.geographia.com/argentina/buenosaires/e      color
xploring.htm
                                                       18. bbc Berliner Congress Center
7. Dan Heller’s photos of Buenos Aires, Argentina.     http://www.bcc-berlin.de/en/00/frameset.html
http://www.danheller.com/buenos-aires.html
                                                       19. Yüksek, ‹.,(2004), Costume designs inspired by
8. fiimflek, Z.,(2004), Costume designs inspired by      architecture, Project for Apparel Design Course at
architecture, Project for Apparel Design Course at     Çukurova University Faculty of Fine Arts Textiles
Çukurova University Faculty of Fine Arts Textiles      Department, 35x50 cm.colored pencil
Department, 35x50 cm.water color
                                                       20. Kongresshalle
9. ‹stanbul Galata Tower Information.                  http://www.courses.psu.edu/nuc_e/nuc_e405_g9c/b
http://www.istanbulinfolink.com/                       erlin/theater/kongress.html
the_city/towers/galata_tower.htm
10. Galata Tower,‹stanbul,Turkey.
http://www.istanbultravelguide.net/galatatower.htm
11. Horuzo¤lu, R.,(2004), Costume designs inspired
by architecture, Project for Apparel Design Course
at Çukurova University Faculty of Fine Arts Textiles
Department, 35x50 cm.colored pencil and water
color

								
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