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Gemma Recidivism Report

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					                      Gemma
        Recidivism Reduction
                       Report




       Released August, 2013

                          Gemma

A Program of the Community Action Board of Santa Cruz County

           501 Soquel Ave., Santa Cruz, CA 95062

                       831 457-4560




                                                               0
                              Gemma Data Report
                             Gemma Transitional House
Program Participation:

From 2008 through 2012, fifty individual women were served through the
Gemma Residential Program.

Of the fifty women who resided in the Gemma House, 8 successfully
graduated the program and 42 left for a variety of reasons.

                   Length of Stay                              Individuals Served
                    1-3 Months*                                        20
                     4-6 Months                                        16
                    7-10 Months                                         6
                    8-17 Months                                         8
*Three women stayed less than one week but are represented in the 1 month category

The average length of stay for women who graduated from the program
was fourteen months. The average length of stay for women who left
before completing the program was four months.

In line with best practices in criminal justice, as well as local guidelines
distributed through the Community Corrections Partnership, Gemma has
adopted the following definition of recidivism: Recidivism is defined as new
criminal behavior within three years following conviction and release to the
community from secure incarceration as measured by conviction for a new
law violation, including those sustained as probation violations.

For this report, outcome measures of “success” were categorized through
the following definitions: Successful is defined as no recidivism. Fairly
successful is defined as two or fewer probation violations or misdemeanor
convictions and unsuccessful is defined as three or more probation
violations or misdemeanor convictions, or one or more felony convictions.


                                                                                     1
Criminal Activity Outcome Measures:

Data was collected comparing Gemma residents’ recidivism three years
pre and three years post entry into the Gemma House. In aggregate, for
those who successfully graduated the program, 75% (6) remained crime
free, 12% (1) were fairly successful, and 12% (1) were unsuccessful.

Interestingly, the group that did not graduate the program was fairly equal
in terms of outcome measures: 73% (32) successful, 23% (8) fairly
successful and 14% (2) unsuccessful.

The chart below includes recidivism data for residents who resided in the
Gemma House during years 2008, 2009, and 2010. The chart also includes
recidivism data for two years for residents who resided at the house in
2011, and for less than one year for residents who resided there in 2012.



               Gemma Resident Recidivism N = 50
10

 9

 8

 7

 6

 5

 4

 3

 2

 1

 0
        2008          2009         2010         2011         2012




                                                                              2
Pre and Post Comparison:

The most striking statistic to note is the decreased criminal activity when
comparing the three year pre and post data. The following graphic shows
the 67% reduction in Probation Violations, 70% reduction in Felony
convictions and 51% reduction in Misdemeanor convictions.

The Gemma Transitional House continues to demonstrate an
unprecedented reduction in recidivism. Statewide and locally, 7 out of 10
people return to secure confinement within 3 years of their release,
whereas only 3 out of 10 Gemma residents return.



   Criminal Activity Three Years Pre and Post Gemma N = 31


                                                                      76
 PreProb Vio


                                   25
Post Prob Vio


                                             36
  Pre Felony


                         11
 Post Felony


                                                        57
    Pre Misd


                                        28
   Post Misd


                0   10        20        30    40   50   60     70      80




                                                                              3
                        GEMMA DAY PROGRAM
From 2008 through 2012, the Gemma Day Program enrolled 265 individual
women. Thirteen of those women attended the program two or more times
and were therefore eliminated from the analysis along with an additional 69
woman who spent less than seven days in the program. The remianing 183
participants were tracked and their data captured for this report.

Outcome measures of “success” were categorized through the following
definitions: Successful is defined as no recidivism. Fairly successful is
defined as two or fewer probation violations or misdemeanor convictions
and unsuccessful is defined as three or more probation violations or
misdemeanor convictions, or one or more felony convictions.

The Gemma Day Program continues to demonstrate the same
unprecedented reduction in recidivism as the Gemma Transitional House.
Nationally, 7 out of 10 people return to secure confinement within 3 years
of their release, whereas only 3 out of 10 Gemma participants return.

The results of this notable reduction in recidivism is an increase in public
safety, a significant financial cost savings to the community, as well as the
participants pro-social engagement in a community in which they had
formerly caused harm.




                                                                                4
              Gemma Day Program Recidivism Outcomes
                              N = 183 participants




                   Unsuccessful
                      N 37
                      20%



               Fairly
             Successful
               N 27                                       Successful
                15%                                         N 119
                                                             65%




The charts below provide a detailed breakout of the criminal activity for
both the “fairly successful” and “unsuccessful” categories listed above.



                                                                            5
                  "Fairly Successful" Participants
                         Recividism Profile
                          by Type of Crime
                         N = 27 participants




                                                     Prob Vio
             Misdemeanor         PV
               Offenses         N 41
                                                     Misdemeanor Offens
                 N 49




                    "Unsuccessful" Participants
                        Recividism Profile
                        by Type of Crime
                       N = 37 participants

              Misdemeanor,
                           Prob Vio, 56              Prob Vio
                   43
All Other                                            Violence
Felony, 2                                            Property
                                                     Drug
Driving, 1                                           Driving
             Drug, 23              Violence, 9       All Other Felony
                        Property, 14                 Misdemeanor




                                                                6
Due to the chronic nature of offending for this high-risk population, it is not
surprising that while the number of participants reflected in the “fairly successful”
category above is relatively small (27 participants) in proportion, the number of
misdemeanor offenses and probation violations the were convicted of are
relatively high.

Results such as this, demonstrate why applying our resources to this high-risk
group is a wise investment of time and money because without interventions
such as Gemma, this group significantly contributes to crime.

The following chart shows the impressive impacts Gemma has made to address
this very issue. The chart shows the dramatic decrease in criminal activity for this
high-risk population once they have received Gemma services. There is no
question that a significant number of crimes have been averted through our
interventions as well as the recapturing of human potential.




                                                                                       7
             Three Year Pre and Post Gemma Day Program
                           Criminal Activity
                            345 N =183



   308




                                                      101
                                            94
                                                                80

                    60




Pre Felony      Post Felony   Pre Misd   Post Misd   Pre PV   Post PV




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posted:8/20/2013
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