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2001 Census Teacher’s Kit Activity 7: Immigration Suggested Level: Secondary, Intermediate, Secondary ESL, Intermediate ESL Subjects: Math, Geography, History, Family Studies, English, Social Studies Overview Materials This activity provides students with an understanding • Teacher’s Guide of the multicultural nature of Canadian society. • Classroom map of the world (not included) Students will complete a series of graphs showing Canada’s immigration patterns over time. They • Handout 1: Graphing Immigration (pp. 3-5) examine Canadian immigration, including place of • Handout 2: Map of Immigration Source Areas birth, language, and changing proportion of immigrants. They will learn how this information is • Handout 3: 2001 Census Questions on Language gathered through a census, and will carry out a small survey. (1-2 class periods) Getting Started Note: See the Teacher’s Guide for general background to the census and census vocabulary 1. Tell students the next census takes place on May 15, 2001. Begin with a general discussion of the census—what it is and how it is carried out. Learning Objectives Mention that immigrants to Canada come from many different countries and speak many different • Develop an awareness and appreciation of languages. (See the Teacher’s Guide.) Canada’s cultural diversity. 2. Review Handout 1: Graphing Immigration and • Use graphing techniques to illustrate immigration Handout 2: Map of Immigration Source Areas data. focusing on the categories used for place of birth, • Identify changes in data over time. and have students locate these on the world map. The students will be learning about immigration to • Understand language questions from the 2001 Canada and the changes that have occurred over Census. 35 years. • Compile data to make up a class profile. 3. Make sure everyone understands the instructions • Express ideas by writing a report. for graphing. Examine the results of the graphing together as a class. Vocabulary Census Activity census, census metropolitan area, immigration, multicultural, place of birth, population, stacked 1. Look at the bar graph in Handout 1, have students column, statistics complete it, then identify trends in immigration. Activity 7 1 Write the names of the languages reported in Census Activity (cont’d) Handout 3 on the blackboard and record the number of students who speak each one. Discuss During the period 1961-1970, where did most of briefly the findings of this small classroom survey. Canada’s immigrants come from? How does this compare with 1971-1980 and 1981-1996? Extension/Enrichment Discuss the trends of the other immigrant populations mentioned in the graph. 1. Students could write a brief report describing trends in immigration to Canada between 1961 2. Steer discussion from considering immigration to and 1996. how it affects the variety of languages spoken in Canada. Note that the census not only requests 2. Students could write a brief summary (5 to 8 information on the place of birth, but also sentences) about the class survey on language. language(s). Mention that all responses to census questions are kept strictly confidential. 3. Working in small groups of 2 to 3, students could prepare a bar graph showing languages spoken at Distribute copies of Handout 3: 2001 Census home by members of the class. Questions on Language and have students fill in their answers. 2 Activity 7 Handout 1: Graphing Immigration Introduction: The immigrant population of Canada Census Year Percentage of immigrants consists of people who were born in other countries in the total population and have been granted the right to live in Canada permanently. Many of these people immigrated many 1901 13.0% years ago; some have come more recently. In 1911 22.0% Handout 1 you will be graphing or analyzing 1921 22.3% immigration statistics. Follow the instructions at the beginning of each graph. 1931 22.2% 1941 17.5% Graph 1: The census takes a snapshot of the 1951 14.7% population at a certain point in time. The graph on this 1961 15.6% page tells us that 13% of the population enumerated in the census of 1901 were immigrants. The remaining 1971 15.3% 87% of the population were born in Canada. Use the 1981 16.0% data on the right to graph the statistics for other 1991 16.1% census years. 1996 17.4% Graph 1: Immigrants as a percentage of the total population, 1901-1996 % 25 20 15 10 5 0 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 1996 Comment on a trend you have observed: ________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ Activity 7 3 Handout 1: Graphing Immigration (cont’d) Graph 2: People who have immigrated to Canada shows the places of birth of all people who ever were born in many countries all over the world. These immigrated to Canada, followed by columns that countries have been arranged by source areas, and show the statistics for people who immigrated during you can see them in Handout 2: Map of Immigration specific time periods. Source Areas. To begin, colour the stacked columns according to the The data below are reflected in the graph of stacked colour key legend. Complete the last colomn using the columns. The first stacked column (marked “total”) data provided and colour it in. Table: Immigrant population by place of birth and period of immigration (as a percentage) Place of birth total pre-1961 61-70 71-80 81-90 91-96 % North America 1 4.92 4.3 6.4 7.5 4.3 2.8 Central America, South America, and the Caribbean 11.1 1.4 8.0 16.4 16.4 12.9 Europe 47.0 90.4 69.0 35.9 25.7 19.0 Africa 4.6 0.5 3.3 5.8 5.9 7.3 Asia and the Middle East 31.5 3.1 12.3 33.0 46.9 57.1 Oceania and other 0.9 0.3 1.1 1.4 0.9 0.9 1. North America as a source area includes the United States, Greenland and St. Pierre and Miquelon Islands, but not Canada. 2. Numbers have been rounded to the nearest tenth of a decimal point and do not always add exactly to 100. Graph 2: Immigrant population by place of birth and period of immigration 100% 6 6 6 6 6 5 4 90% 5 Colour Key Legend 4 5 1. North America (red) 80% 5 5 2. Central America, South America, 70% and the Caribbean (green) 4 4 3. Europe (yellow) 60% 3 4. Africa (blue) 50% 4 3 3 5. Asia and the Middle 40% 3 East (orange) 3 30% 6. Oceania and other (purple) 20% 2 2 10% 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 0% 1 Total before 1961 1961-1970 1971-1980 1981-1990 1991-1996 Create 1 sentence that describes a trend _________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ 4 Activity 7 Handout 1: Graphing Immigration (cont’d) Graph 3 Where have Canada’s immigrants settled? By examining the two graphs on this page, you can see that immigrants have tended to settle in certain places rather than in others. Graph 3, which has been completed for you, shows the figures for the provinces and territories. Ontario leads with 25.6% of its residents having immigrated from other countries. Circle the percentage for your province or territory. Graph 3: Immigrants as a percentage of total provincial population, 1996 Ontario British Columbia Alberta Manitoba Yukon Quebec Saskatchewan Northwest Territories Canada 17.4% Nova Scotia Prince Edward Island New Brunswick Newfoundland 0% 5 10 15 20 25 30 Graph 4 This graph shows the statistics for the top twenty census metropolitan areas (CMAs) in Canada. As you can see, immigrants have been more attracted to some of these large urban centres than to others. Fill in the missing bars in the graph using the data below from the 1996 Census. CMA Percentage of total CMA population (1996) % Toronto 41.9 Vancouver 34.9 Hamilton 23.6 Kitchener 21.8 Calgary 20.9 Graph 4: Immigrants as a percentage of total population (CMA’s) Toronto 41.9 Vancouver 34.9 Hamilton 23.6 Kitchener 21.8 Calgary 20.9 Windsor 20.7 London 19.3 Victoria 19.3 Edmonton 18.5 St. Catharines-Niagara 18.3 Montréal 17.8 Winnipeg 16.9 Oshawa 16.5 Ottawa-Hull 16.2 Thunder Bay 12.3 Regina 8.0 Saskatoon 7.6 Sudbury 7.6 Halifax 7.2 Sherbrooke 4.3 Saint John Canada 17.4% 4.0 St. John’s 2.9 Quebec 2.6 Trois-Rivières 1.6 Chicoutimi-Jonquière 0.7 0% 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Activity 7 5 6 Map of Immigration Source Areas 3 3 Handout 2: Map of Immigration Source Areas 1 5 4 2 6 Colour Key (Shade in each source area using the key below) Use the colour key below to fill in the legend in Graph 2 on page 4. Activity 7 1. North America (excluding Canada) .................................. red 4. Africa................................................ blue 2. Central and South America, and the Caribbean ............... green 5. Asia and the Middle East.................... orange 3. Europe............................................................................. yellow 6. Oceania............................................... purple Handout 3: 2001 Census Questions on Language 13 Can this person speak English or French well enough to conduct a conversation? English only French only Both English and French Mark “ x “ one circle only. Neither English nor French 14 What language(s), other than English or French, can this person speak well enough to conduct None OR a conversation? Specify other language(s) 15 (a) What language does this person speak most often at home? English French Other — Specify (b) Does this person speak any other languages No on a regular basis at home? Yes, English Yes, French Other — Specify 16 What is the language that this person first learned English at home in childhood and still understands? French Other — Specify If this person no longer understands the first language learned, indicate the second language learned. 48 (a) In this job, what language did this person use most often? English French Other — Specify (b) Did this person use any other languages No on a regular basis in this job? Yes, English Yes, French Yes, Other — Specify Activity 7 7
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