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Graphs on Immigration by CrisLapuz

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This is an example of graphs on immigration. This document is useful for studying graphs on immigration.

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									                                                                                     2001 Census Teacher’s Kit

                                                        Activity 7:
 Suggested Level: Secondary, Intermediate, Secondary ESL, Intermediate ESL
 Subjects: Math, Geography, History, Family Studies, English, Social Studies

Overview                                                  Materials

This activity provides students with an understanding     • Teacher’s Guide
of the multicultural nature of Canadian society.
                                                          • Classroom map of the world (not included)
Students will complete a series of graphs showing
Canada’s immigration patterns over time. They             • Handout 1: Graphing Immigration (pp. 3-5)
examine Canadian immigration, including place of          • Handout 2: Map of Immigration Source Areas
birth, language, and changing proportion of
immigrants. They will learn how this information is       • Handout 3: 2001 Census Questions on Language
gathered through a census, and will carry out a small
survey. (1-2 class periods)
                                                          Getting Started
Note: See the Teacher’s Guide for general
background to the census and census vocabulary            1. Tell students the next census takes place on May
                                                             15, 2001. Begin with a general discussion of the
                                                             census—what it is and how it is carried out.
Learning Objectives                                          Mention that immigrants to Canada come from
                                                             many different countries and speak many different
• Develop an awareness and appreciation of                   languages. (See the Teacher’s Guide.)
  Canada’s cultural diversity.
                                                          2. Review Handout 1: Graphing Immigration and
• Use graphing techniques to illustrate immigration          Handout 2: Map of Immigration Source Areas
  data.                                                      focusing on the categories used for place of birth,
• Identify changes in data over time.                        and have students locate these on the world map.
                                                             The students will be learning about immigration to
• Understand language questions from the 2001
                                                             Canada and the changes that have occurred over
  Census.                                                    35 years.
• Compile data to make up a class profile.
                                                          3. Make sure everyone understands the instructions
• Express ideas by writing a report.
                                                             for graphing. Examine the results of the graphing
                                                             together as a class.

                                                          Census Activity
census, census metropolitan area, immigration,
multicultural, place of birth, population, stacked        1. Look at the bar graph in Handout 1, have students
column, statistics                                           complete it, then identify trends in immigration.

Activity 7                                                                                                         1
                                                         Write the names of the languages reported in
Census Activity (cont’d)
                                                         Handout 3 on the blackboard and record the
                                                         number of students who speak each one. Discuss
    During the period 1961-1970, where did most of
                                                         briefly the findings of this small classroom survey.
    Canada’s immigrants come from? How does this
    compare with 1971-1980 and 1981-1996?
    Discuss the trends of the other immigrant
    populations mentioned in the graph.                1. Students could write a brief report describing
                                                          trends in immigration to Canada between 1961
2. Steer discussion from considering immigration to
                                                          and 1996.
   how it affects the variety of languages spoken in
   Canada. Note that the census not only requests
                                                       2. Students could write a brief summary (5 to 8
   information on the place of birth, but also
                                                          sentences) about the class survey on language.
   language(s). Mention that all responses to census
   questions are kept strictly confidential.
                                                       3. Working in small groups of 2 to 3, students could
                                                          prepare a bar graph showing languages spoken at
    Distribute copies of Handout 3: 2001 Census
                                                          home by members of the class.
    Questions on Language and have students fill in
    their answers.

2                                                                                                   Activity 7
                                     Handout 1: Graphing Immigration

Introduction: The immigrant population of Canada                  Census Year            Percentage of immigrants
consists of people who were born in other countries                                      in the total population
and have been granted the right to live in Canada
permanently. Many of these people immigrated many                   1901                         13.0%
years ago; some have come more recently. In                         1911                         22.0%
Handout 1 you will be graphing or analyzing
                                                                    1921                         22.3%
immigration statistics. Follow the instructions at the
beginning of each graph.                                            1931                         22.2%
                                                                    1941                         17.5%
Graph 1: The census takes a snapshot of the                         1951                         14.7%
population at a certain point in time. The graph on this
                                                                    1961                         15.6%
page tells us that 13% of the population enumerated in
the census of 1901 were immigrants. The remaining                   1971                         15.3%
87% of the population were born in Canada. Use the                  1981                         16.0%
data on the right to graph the statistics for other                 1991                         16.1%
census years.
                                                                    1996                         17.4%

             Graph 1: Immigrants as a percentage of the total population, 1901-1996





                     1901   1911   1921   1931   1941      1951   1961     1971   1981   1991   1996

Comment on a trend you have observed: ________________________________________________________


Activity 7                                                                                                          3
                                        Handout 1: Graphing Immigration (cont’d)

Graph 2: People who have immigrated to Canada                                      shows the places of birth of all people who ever
were born in many countries all over the world. These                              immigrated to Canada, followed by columns that
countries have been arranged by source areas, and                                  show the statistics for people who immigrated during
you can see them in Handout 2: Map of Immigration                                  specific time periods.
Source Areas.
                                                                                   To begin, colour the stacked columns according to the
The data below are reflected in the graph of stacked                               colour key legend. Complete the last colomn using the
columns. The first stacked column (marked “total”)                                 data provided and colour it in.

          Table: Immigrant population by place of birth and period of immigration (as a percentage)
          Place of birth                                                       total       pre-1961      61-70      71-80      81-90     91-96
          North America 1                                                       4.92            4.3        6.4        7.5         4.3      2.8
          Central America, South America, and the Caribbean                     11.1            1.4        8.0       16.4        16.4     12.9
          Europe                                                                47.0           90.4       69.0       35.9        25.7     19.0
          Africa                                                                 4.6            0.5        3.3         5.8        5.9       7.3
          Asia and the Middle East                                              31.5            3.1       12.3       33.0        46.9     57.1
          Oceania and other                                                      0.9            0.3        1.1         1.4        0.9       0.9
          1. North America as a source area includes the United States, Greenland and St. Pierre and Miquelon Islands, but not Canada.
          2. Numbers have been rounded to the nearest tenth of a decimal point and do not always add exactly to 100.

Graph 2: Immigrant population by place of birth and period of immigration
100%         6                 6                     6              6                  6
                             5 4

                                                 5                                                                       Colour Key Legend
                                                 4                  5
                                                                                                                         1. North America          (red)
    80%      5
                                                                                       5                                 2. Central America, South America,
    70%                                                                                                                     and the Caribbean       (green)
                                                                    4                                                    3. Europe          (yellow)
                                                                                                                         4. Africa        (blue)
    50%                                                                                4
                                                                    3                                                    5. Asia and the Middle
    40%      3                                                                                                              East        (orange)
    30%                                                                                                                  6. Oceania and other          (purple)


                                                                    2                  2
    10%      2                                    2
                                 1                1                 1                  1
    0%       1
           Total         before 1961        1961-1970          1971-1980          1981-1990           1991-1996

Create 1 sentence that describes a trend _________________________________________________________


4                                                                                                                                                  Activity 7
                                      Handout 1: Graphing Immigration (cont’d)

Graph 3      Where have Canada’s immigrants settled? By examining the two graphs on this page, you can see that
             immigrants have tended to settle in certain places rather than in others. Graph 3, which has been
             completed for you, shows the figures for the provinces and territories. Ontario leads with 25.6% of its
             residents having immigrated from other countries. Circle the percentage for your province or territory.

             Graph 3: Immigrants as a percentage of total provincial population, 1996
                  British Columbia
              Northwest Territories                                            Canada 17.4%
                      Nova Scotia
              Prince Edward Island
                    New Brunswick
                                      0%        5          10            15          20          25      30

Graph 4      This graph shows the statistics for the top twenty census metropolitan areas (CMAs) in Canada. As you
             can see, immigrants have been more attracted to some of these large urban centres than to others. Fill in
             the missing bars in the graph using the data below from the 1996 Census.
                                         CMA                                     Percentage of total CMA population (1996)
                                         Toronto                                          41.9
                                         Vancouver                                        34.9
                                         Hamilton                                         23.6
                                         Kitchener                                        21.8
                                         Calgary                                          20.9

             Graph 4: Immigrants as a percentage of total population (CMA’s)
                              Toronto                                                                                                    41.9
                           Vancouver                                                                                         34.9
                             Hamilton                                                                          23.6
                            Kitchener                                                                   21.8
                              Calgary                                                                 20.9
                             Windsor                                                                 20.7
                              London                                                              19.3
                              Victoria                                                            19.3
                           Edmonton                                                             18.5
              St. Catharines-Niagara                                                            18.3
                             Montréal                                                         17.8
                            Winnipeg                                                        16.9
                              Oshawa                                                       16.5
                          Ottawa-Hull                                                     16.2
                        Thunder Bay                                           12.3
                               Regina                         8.0
                           Saskatoon                         7.6
                             Sudbury                         7.6
                              Halifax                       7.2
                          Sherbrooke                 4.3
                           Saint John
                                                                                             Canada 17.4%
                           St. John’s            2.9
                              Quebec            2.6
                       Trois-Rivières        1.6
                Chicoutimi-Jonquière       0.7
                                         0%          5              10               15           20             25   30   35       40          45

Activity 7                                                                                                                                           5

                                                                       Map of Immigration Source Areas


                                                                                                                                                                                                Handout 2: Map of Immigration Source Areas
             4                                                                                                                       2

                                                                                            Colour Key
                                                                         (Shade in each source area using the key below)
                 Use the colour key below to fill in the legend in Graph 2 on page 4.
Activity 7

                 1. North America (excluding Canada) .................................. red                              4. Africa................................................ blue
                 2. Central and South America, and the Caribbean ............... green                                   5. Asia and the Middle East.................... orange
                 3. Europe............................................................................. yellow           6. Oceania............................................... purple
                              Handout 3: 2001 Census Questions on Language

    13       Can this person speak English or French well
             enough to conduct a conversation?
                                                                     English only
                                                                     French only
                                                                     Both English and French
             Mark “ x “ one circle only.                             Neither English nor French

    14       What language(s), other than English or French,
             can this person speak well enough to conduct
             a conversation?                                         Specify other language(s)

    15       (a) What language does this person speak
                 most often at home?
                                                                     Other — Specify

             (b) Does this person speak any other languages          No
                 on a regular basis at home?                         Yes, English
                                                                     Yes, French
                                                                     Other — Specify

    16       What is the language that this person first learned     English
             at home in childhood and still understands?             French
                                                                     Other — Specify
             If this person no longer understands the first
             language learned, indicate the second language

    48       (a) In this job, what language did this person
             use most often?
                                                                     Other — Specify

             (b) Did this person use any other languages             No
             on a regular basis in this job?                         Yes, English
                                                                     Yes, French
                                                                     Yes, Other — Specify

Activity 7                                                                                        7

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