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A Nation Divided - mcneff

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					A Nation Divided
             Public Opinion
• 1965
  – 66% supported
• 1965
  – Teach-Ins begin
     • Informally discuss opposition to the war
         – Civil War
         – South Vietnam was corrupt

• 1967
  – Credibility gap widens
  – T.V.
  – Contradicting viewpoints/images
               Tet Offensive 1968
• Surprise attack on New years Day
  – Major cities
  – Provincial capitals
  – American Embassy

                         Two sides
• General Westmorland
    “well laid plans went afoul”
• Public Opinion
  – Shocked!
  – Media influence
  – Walter Cronkite
     “…bloody experience in Vietnam is to end in a stalemate.”
• Credibility gap widens even more
                   Draft
• College students
  – Defer
• Low-income/minorities
  – No choice
• No way!
  – Burned draft cards
  – Fled
  – Prison
• 1969
  – Lottery system
• 1971
  – 26th Amendment was passed

   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rHk4TGWx0ZM
  Hawks                       Doves
• Pro-war                     • Antiwar
  – 1968-53%                    – 1968-24%
  – Determined to stay and    • Viewed as
    fight                       – Naïve
  – Openly criticized doves     – Unpatriotic
  – Pride                       – Unappreciative to
  – Johnson                       resisting communism
                                – Eugene McCarthy
                                – Robert Kennedy
                 1968 Rolls On
• March
  – Johnson states he will not run
• April
  – MLK assassinated
  – James Earl Ray arrested
• June
  – Robert Kennedy assassinated
• August
  – Chaos at the Democratic Convention Center
  – Antiwar platform
  – Riots
                                                 Abbie Hoffman
                “The whole world is watching!”
                       Politics
• Democrats
  – Hubert Humphrey
  – Associated with violence & chaos
  – Called for a complete end to the bombings
• Independent
  – Governor George Wallace
  – Outspoken segregationist
• Republicans
  –   Richard Nixon
  –   Promised unification
  –   Restore law and order
  –   Plan for ending the war
          Assignment 1 (10 points)
• Create a poster that would be appropriate for your position
  on the war
• Use pictures or symbols associated with your side (can be a
  person or idea)
• Keep in mind it CAN be a slogan, however, you need to
  decorate it
• Must be colored
• Must clearly express your side (put your sticky note on it)
                  Assignment 2 (5 points)
 Write a headline that supports your poster. For example, if you are a
         hawk, your headline may include a quote from General
                             Westmorland.
                         http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XpCasiuAFF8

                   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b0VsJT7dVkY&feature=fvst



             Be ready to share with the class
               Due at the end of the hour
                    Review
• Why did support for the Vietnam War begin to
  dwindle by the late 1960s?
  – Mounting causalities
  – The draft
  – Credibility gap
  – Media coverage

				
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