A Dividing Nation
Pgs. 272 - 289
• Abraham Lincoln is now president
20.2 Confronting the Issue of Slavery
• Slavery was banned north of the Ohio Valley
• Congress wanted the Free and Slave states
to be equal so neither had more power
20.2 Questions about Missouri
• Missouri wanted to be part of the Union as a
slave state, but part of it laid north of the
• This made the Northerners afraid because
felt slavery was spreading north
20.2 Tallmadge Amendment
• James Tallmadge proposed an amendment
that Missouri would have to be free
• This angered the Southerners (took power
out of their hands)
20.2 A Deadlocked Congress
• The South saw this as a way for the
government to stop slavery everywhere
• The House approved the amendment but the
Senate tied so it did not pass
20.3 The Missouri Compromise
• Because of the Amendment southerners said
that they were going to act in secession
The Compromise is Reached:
• Maine was admitted as a Free State and
Missouri as a slave state. (Kept states equal)
Reaction to the Compromise:
• North were mad at representatives for letting
Missouri have slavery
• South was mad because Slavery could not
1. Where was the boundary set that separated the areas where
slavery was allowed and banned?
2. What did congress do to assure that no certain type of state
would have more power than the others?
3. Why was it a problem when Missouri wanted to join the Union
as slave state?
4. Who was the man that proposed an Amendment that would
make Missouri a free state?
5. The Amendment, in the eyes of the South, saw it as a way for
the government to stop what?
6. What did the southerners say that they were going to do if they
did not get their way?
7. What is Secession?
8. What state was added to the Union to make it ok for Missouri to
be a Slave State?
9. What were the reactions of the North and the South to this
20.4 Missouri Compromise Unravels
• The Second Great Awakening woke up the
fight to end Slavery
Slavery in Washington, D.C.:
• Individuals wanted to ban slavery in the
Nations Capital and Congress ignored it
• Southerners were very mad about abolitionist
ideas and rewarded individuals who would
turn in names of abolitionists in the South
• Slaves were escaping to the North so the South
wanted to pass laws that made it illegal for
individuals to help slaves escape
Slavery in the Territories:
• America tried to say that any land that they
received from Mexico could not be used for slavery,
this did not pass!!
Statehood for California:
• California wanted to be a free state, the South
rejected it, the North wanted it, so California could
not be part of the Union yet.
20.5 Compromise of 1850
Something for Everyone:
• California was a free state
• New Mexico and Utah were slave states
• Washington, D.C no “new” slavery
• Strong fugitive slave law
The Compromise is Accepted:
• It was accepted but not liked
• South threatened the Union of pulling out
20.6 Compromise Satisfies No One
The Fugitive Slave Law:
• The North hated the law and refused to let slaves be
• Most slaves escaped to Canada
• Over 10,000 escaped slaves went to the North, only
299 were ever captured
Harriet Stowe’s Vision:
• Stowe had a vision about a slave known as Uncle
Tom and how he was treated badly
Uncle Tom’s Cabin:
• A book that showed the evil of slavery
• In the North it was a great hit and raised the fight
• In the South it was criticized
The Kansas-Nebraska Act:
• U.S wanted to build a railroad that would connect
the U.S to California
• He said that the states that it connected on the way
could choose to be free or slave states
• This upset many Northerners
Bloodshed in Kansas:
• Kansas was flocked by settlers from the North and
• They began to fight each other
• John Brown and his followers attacked individuals
who wanted slavery there and hacked to death five
men with swords
• Congress ignored the people when they came to them to stop slavery in what
part of America?
• What law did the south want to pass because they thought it would help
decrease the amount of slaves that were escaping to the North?
• What types of states did America want to create with the land that they were
receiving from Mexico?
• What four things occurred in order for California to become a free state?
• The compromise was accepted but the south threatened to do what?
• To what country did most run away slaves from the south escape to freedom in?
• Out of the 10,000 + escaped slaves, how many were actually found and brought
back to the South for slavery?
• Who was the woman who had a vision about a slave that was treated very badly
by his owner?
• What was the name of the book that the woman from question 17 wrote?
• How was the book treated differently in the North and the South?
• To what new state did the U.S want to build a railroad and also caused a huge
fight between the North and South States?
• Kansas was flocked by citizens from the North and the South; how did they
interact with each other?
• Who was the man who had some followers and killed 5 men that were for
Violence in Congress:
• Charles Summer gave a speech in Congress about
how bad Southerners are for having slaves and
upset the South
• Southern Congressman Preston Brooks was upset
that he beat Summer over the head with his cane
until it broke in half
• Showed the North how brutal the South was
• Showed the South how close they stuck together
The Dred Scott Case:
• A slave named Dred Scott went in front of the
Supreme Court to win his freedom because his
owner moved to a free state
20.7 The Dred Scott Decision
Two Judicial Bombshells:
• Bomb shell 1: Could not sue for freedom
and couldn’t become a citizen
• Bomb shell 2: He was still a slave
20.8 From Compromise to Crisis
• Republican Party was formed
• Wanted to end Slavery
• Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican
The Lincoln-Douglas Debate:
• Lincoln debated against Douglas for a seat in
Congress and lost because he wanted to end
John Brown’s Raid:
• John Brown decided to go and capture the U.S
arsenal and give slaves weapons so could rebel and
• He was captured and almost all of his men were killed
• This scared the South
The Election of 1860:
• (North) Republican Party: Abraham Lincoln
• (South) 3 different candidates
• Because of split in South, Lincoln won easily
• Lincoln becoming president showed the South they
had little power and began to talk about secession
• In the South, state by state started to leave
the Union after the election of Lincoln
• Charleston, South Carolina - Southerners
started bombing Fort Sumter and demolished
the American flag there
• The North was very upset because they fired
on the flag of their country and wanted to
Chapter 20.6 – 20.9 Questions
• Who was the man that gave a speech in congress about slavery
• How did Preston Brooks take the speech that was given about
his fellow countrymen?
• What did this act show about the South and the North?
• Who was the slave that applied for freedom and was denied?
• What new political party was formed with the agenda of ending
• Lincoln ran against Douglas for a seat in Congress; who won?
• Who was the man that decided to capture the U.S arsenal and
give guns to slaves so they could rebel and gain freedom?
• Why was it very easy for Abraham Lincoln to win the Election
• What did southern states begin to do after Abraham Lincoln
was voted in as president?
• What did Southerners do at Fort Sumter that got the
Northerners very upset?