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The Legacy of Ancient Rome and Greece


									The Legacy of Ancient Rome and
                Main Idea: Power and Authority
                 – The Greeks developed
                 democracy and the Romans
                 developed representative
                 government. Representation
                 and citizen participation are
                 important parts of democratic
                 governments around the world.
                CA Standards 10.1.2 – Trace the
                 development of Western
                 Political ideas. Rule of law,
                 tyranny, Plato’s Republic and
                 Aristotle’s Politics
Various Forms of Government
 Monarchy – A king or Queen rules as a single person
  who has absolute power.
 Aristocracy- A government ruled by a small group of
  noble, land-owning families.
 Oligarchy - A government ruled by a few (3,5,7)very
  powerful people
 Democracy – “Rule of the people” demos = people,
Athens Builds Democracy
 Largest city-state in Greece allowed citizens (adult,
  males, free) to participate in government decisions.
 Solon, Cleisthenes and Pericles all worked to reform
  and strengthen Greek democracy at different times to
  help balance the power between rich and poor
 Creation of juries, legislative debates, legislative
  councilors were all created by the Greeks.
 Direct Democracy – Citizens rule directly and make
  their own laws rather than through representatives.
Greeks Use Logic and Reason
 To investigate human society, morality and the
  universe, Greek philosophers like Socrates, Aristotle
  and Plato used logic.
 Determined that the best rulers were not always the
  most rich and powerful but rather the wisest whom
  were referred to as philosopher-kings.
 Discovery of natural laws through patterns and used
  logic to define them.
 Developed the 3 branches of government that we use
  today. Executive, Legislative, Judicial
Rome Builds a Republic
 Republic - A form of government in which power
  rests with citizens who have a right to elect leaders
  who make governmental decisions.
 Patricians v. Plebeians – Rich v. poor. Patricians were
  wealthy landowners, plebeians were farmers and
  merchants. Patricians inherited wealth and status.
  Plebs had to earn wealth and status.
 12 Tables – First written code of laws that were written
  on 12 tablets. All citizens were protected by the laws
Growth of Roman Empire and Laws
                 As empire expanded by
                  conquest and trade, Rome
                  had to bring new people
                  and territories under their
                  laws. Territory and Laws
                  were both expanded but
                  principals remained the
                  same. See pg. 11 and write
                  down the principles of
                  Roman Laws.
                 Also Write down Main
                  Idea Question D on pg. 11
                  and answer the question.

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