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An crann teanga L'arbre des langues De taal boom kalbos medis Drzewo języka The Language Tree What is the Language tree? The language tree is not really a tree, it’s a chart that they have made to look like a tree and it shows how each language is connected to the other. This tree shows indo-European branches and the four main groups of languages in the indo European culture which are the Anatolian, the Celto–Italo-Tocharian, the Balto-Slavo Germanic, and Aryano–Greco–Armenic. All these are at the trunk of the tree, they branch off into nine language groups all together. These groups consist of Anatolian, Celtic, Romance, Germanic, Baltic, Slavonic, Iranian, Indic, and Greek. In the Anatolian …. Anatolian The Anatolian branch of the Indo- European language tree consist of five languages; Hittite, Palaic, Lydian, Luwian, and Lycian. In the Celto–Italo-Tocharian… Celtic The Celtic language branch consist of two inner branches; the Brittanic and Gaulish. On the Brittanic branch there are three languages; Cornish, Breton, and Welsh. On the Gaulish branch there are three languages as well which include Scottish, Irish, and Manx. Romance The Romance language consist of four languages; Romanian, Spanish, French, and Italian. In the Balto-Slavo Germanic… Germanic The Germanic branch of the language tree has two sub branches within. One is called the Western Germanic branch, and the other is called the Scandinavian branch. The Western Germanic branch consist of six languages; Flemish, Dutch, Low German, High German, Frisian, and English. The Scandinavian branch consists of four languages; Danish, Swedish, Icelandic, and Norwegian. Baltic The Baltic branch of the language tree consist of three languages; Old Prussian, Lithuanian, and Latvia. Slavonic The Slavonic branch of the language tree consist of three sub branches; Southern Slavic, Proto – Russian, and Western Slavic. In the Southern Slavic branch, there are three languages; Serbo- Croatian, Bulgarian, and Slovenia. In the Proto – Russian branch there are three languages; Ukrainian, White Russian, and Great Russian. In the Western Slavic branch there are two languages; Polish and Czech. In the Aryano–Greco–Armenic … Iranian The Iranian branch of the language tree consist of three languages; Persian, Pashto, and Baluchi. Indic The Indic branch of the Language tree consist of five languages; Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Panjabi, and Bengali. Greek In the Greek branch of the language tree there are four languages ; Arcadian, Aeolic, Ionic, and Doric. All the stuff in between In addition to the nine language branches; there are several small sub groups in between such as Osco – Umbrian, Gothic, Armenian, and Tocharian. The Osco – Umbrian branch is connected to the Italic branch, which connects to the Latin branch which connects to the Romance branch of the tree. The Gothic branch connects to the Scandinavian branch of the tree. The Armenian is a branch off the Armeno – Aryan branch, and the Tocharian branch is connected to the Celto – Italo- Tocharian branch. To sum it all up? Each of these languages are connected to each other in at least one way, they are all Indo – European languages, meaning they are all a family coming from the same hearth. The big picture… This is the whole tree with every known language placed and organized within to show how each Indo – and every language is European related to one another Part through the “Mother Small part within the tree… Tongue”.
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