Driver Presenteeism by TPenney


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									    Driver Presenteeism
and Vehicle Preventative Care
  Be at your best to avoid behind the
        wheel “presenteeism”
 Take Pride in yourself and your unit!
When employees show up for work even if they
are too sick, stressed, or distracted to be
•  Presenteeism has been estimated to cost employers $63 billion in
  lost productivity. Presenteeism behind the wheel — there in body
  but not in mind — can cost more than big dollars.
• A recent study found that “mind wandering” was responsible for
  nearly 50% of crashes where the driver was at fault.
• The data is clear—virtually all studies have concluded that
  manipulating a hand-held device while driving (eyes off the road,
  hands off the wheel, and mind focused on activities unrelated to
  driving) leads to less safe driving.
• Many over-the-counter and prescription drugs for common
  ailments, including allergies, colds, depression, muscle pain, anxiety
  disorders and high blood pressure can cause drowsiness, slow
  reaction time and impair vision and coordination.
  Think about more than the drive
 Minimizing distractions. Resisting activities unrelated to
driving that take your eyes or mind off of the road and
your hands off the wheel.
• Being alert and clear-headed. Unimpaired by alcohol,
   over-the-counter or prescription medication and well-
   rested prior to getting behind the wheel.
• Frequently scanning your mirrors. Many fleet safety
   programs recommend a “full mirror sweep” every 5-6
   seconds. If a vehicle suddenly appears in one of your
   mirrors without you noticing its approach, you’ll know
   you are not shifting your eyes frequently enough
          Watching your Speed
Maintaining a proper following distance. On clear,
dry roads, your following distance should be 3-4
seconds — double or triple if roads are wet or
slippery, keeping in mind that in some cases it’s
best to stay off the roads until conditions improve.
                   Scanning ahead
Looking down the road ahead of you for a distance
of 10 seconds. In the city, that’s about one block
and, on the highway, it’s about 1/3 of a mile or 4
city blocks.
       Proven Brain Fuel for Driving
• To help employees think
  “water” vs. coffee or
  caffeinated soda when they
  need an energy boost, we’ve
  provided graphics that can be
  used to customize water labels
  for both 16.9 oz and 8 oz
  bottle sizes. A quick online
  search will help you locate
  service providers to print labels.
  Alternatively, you could print
  signage to place near water
  coolers, drinking fountains,
  the cafeteria, break rooms or
  for employee desks.
   Seems simple how many do it?
                 JUST BREATHE…
If you find yourself rushed and stressed and
you’re about to be behind the wheel, take a few
minutes for some deep breaths to re-center
your focus before-hand. Deep breathing is one
of the easiest ways to lower stress. Try it — it
really works.
Warm up the body before you warm
of the vehicle, increase your blood
     flow and alertness levels
   Break Time before the Breakage Time
Taking time to recharge. If driving a long
distance, it is recommended you take a break
every two hours or 250 km, even if you don’t
feel you need one. If after two hours of steady
driving you don’t feel you need a break, this
may be a strong sign that you are not actively
engaged in your driving.
                STAY WELL-OILED
Regardless of your age, initiating a regular
stretching routine is a good idea. Driving is a
physical task that requires flexibility and limbering
up helps your entire body to move more freely,
allowing you to observe the road from all angles.
This can help you spot potential hazards on the
road and assist with critical driving maneuvers such
as hard braking and quick steering. Staying loose
will also increase comfort on long drives, and can
help ward off fatigue, helping to improve reaction
time and allowing you to be better focused.
    Fuel your Body Like you Fuel your Vehicle
             Fatigues Management is just as important as
                          Journey Management
•    There are periods of the day when we are most likely to feel
    sleepy — mid-afternoon from 2pm to 5pm and from midnight to
•   Choosing to snack strategically can help sustain energy and avoid
    sudden “crashes”, although it is not a substitute for getting the
    7.5–8 hours of recommended sleep each night.
•   One in seven non-exercisers (14%) reports having trouble staying
    awake while driving, eating or engaging in social activity, almost
    three times the rate of those who exercise.
•   If you are inactive, adding a 10 minute walk every day could
    improve your likelihood of a good night’s sleep.
      Top of the Tank be Happy!
Foods with a high-glycemic index will often
provide a quick energy boost shortly followed by
a drop in energy, leaving you more sluggish than
you were to begin with. Snacking strategically
during the “afternoon slump” can be an
effective way to maintain your energy and to
support peak performance both on-and-off the
     Check out the Ergonomic Room
•  The right posture is key. The best angle for the back of your seat is 100°, just shy
   of straight. Place your hands in the 3 and 9 o’clock positions on the steering wheel
   and position your seat so there are 10 inches (25.4 cm) of space between the
   steering wheel and your chest. This should be close enough so that you’re not
   leaning forward, but far enough to allow for safe airbag deployment;
• Support your lower back. Adjust the seat’s lumbar support to fill the space at your
   lower back. If driving a vehicle not equipped with lumbar support, a small pillow or
   rolled towel placed against the bottom part of your seat back will maintain the
   right shape for support;
• Support your head. When properly adjusted, your vehicle’s head restraint works
   in tandem with the seat belt and can help prevent neck, brain and spinal cord
   injuries in the event of a collision. Whether you are the driver or a passenger,
   follow these guidelines for a proper fit.
Position the top of the head restraint so it is in a straight line with the top of your head.
• The center of your head restraint should be slightly above the top of your ear.
• The distance between the head restraint and the back of your head should be
   between 2-4 inches (5-10 cm).
      Even if you have 20/20 vision,
   environmental conditions can affect
         the ability to see clearly.
Experts say the sun is one of the most overlooked driving
hazards. Glare from the sun can reduce vision and cause a
serious safety issue. Be aware that the periods of
dangerous sun glare typically coincide with heavy
commuting time.
You gotta wear shades. Wearing sunglasses can help you
manage early morning and late day glare. Brown and
bronze lenses are best at enhancing contrast and depth
perception. Polarized glasses are also excellent for driving.
             Clean Windows
Be sure you do windows. It is always a good
idea to keep your windshield clean and streak-
free, but it is more critical in high-glare
conditions. Regularly wipe down both the inside
and outside of the windshield.
                    Slow down
When driving at night and anytime your vision is
reduced, slow down and increase your following
             Mirror and Blind Spots
While all blind spots cannot be eliminated, properly positioned mirrors
are the key to maximizing your field of vision. To set your mirrors, with
the vehicle safely parked, sit in the normal driving position and center
the rearview mirror. Next, lean your head about 4” to the left and
adjust the driver’s side view mirrors until you can barely see the edge
of the rear of your vehicle in the mirror. Do the same thing for the
passenger side mirror by leaning 4” to the right.
While you won’t see your vehicle in your side view mirrors when
sitting in the normal driving position, this mirror adjustment will
enable you to see more of the adjoining traffic lanes, as well as
hazards next to the vehicle.
 Even with properly adjusted mirrors, you should always glance over
    your shoulder to check blind spots any time you turn, merge or
                               change lanes
    Reduce vision just like a setting
             or rising sun.
Rain already creates a hazard by making roads
slippery, and it also amplifies the glare from
headlights, streetlights and signs — a dangerous
combination. Slow down and increase your
following distance, and if you can’t see clearly,
pull over until conditions improve.
 Distance vision
• Good distance vision allows you to see down the road
   and gives you time to adjust more gradually to your
   speed or change lanes. The sooner you can identify a
   potential hazard, the sooner you can react to it. This is
   particularly true when traveling on the highway where
   higher speeds increase the distance needed to slow or
   stop your vehicle. Distance vision also enables you to
   easily read street signs when navigating unfamiliar
   roads and helps avoid hard braking or sudden stops
   that can result in a crash.
       Field of vision (peripheral)

The ability to see to both sides is important. You
need to be able to see cross traffic, pedestrians,
and animals at the roadside, without having to
look away from the road ahead. Even with
mirrors positioned properly, vehicles have blind
spots, and reduced peripheral vision can extend
   Very common Very Dangerous
 Accommodation (near-vision focusing)
• When driving, you need to look from the road to the
  dashboard and back again quite often. This ability to
  change focus from far to near is accommodation, and a
  problem in this area could slow your reaction time to
  potential hazards.
Night vision
• You need to be able to see in low and variable light
  conditions and recover quickly from the glare of
  oncoming headlights. Night vision changes as we age
  and commonly becomes a debilitating issue for older
           What Color was that?
 Depth Perception
• Our ability to visually perceive depth and distances
  comes from the fact that we have two eyes. Many
  vision problems involve some type of disturbance to a
  person’s “binocular” vision. This is often accompanied
  by difficulties with a host of visual skills, including
  tracking, focusing, and, perhaps most importantly for
  driving, depth perception. Poor depth perception can
  have an effect on several areas of driving including
  parking, judging following distances and stopping at
Your Mobile Palace May have a Problem
 • You may hear a squeaking or squealing noise. This is an early sign
   of a problem with your brake pads and should not be ignored. By
   the time you hear a grinding noise, you may have worn through
   your brake pads and into the rotors, which is a more serious and
   costly issue.
 • You may notice it takes longer to stop your vehicle.
 • You may smell something “hot” or burning after you park your
   vehicle, which could be an indication of a brake pad sticking.
 • You may feel that the pedal is hard to depress or is not returning
   to its normal position.
 • You may feel a vibration when stopping or you may feel the
   vehicle pulling to the right or the left.
 • You may see fluids leaking near your tires — this could be brake
 • If you see, hear, feel, smell an issue CHECK IT!
        Running on Air or Good Luck
• Check tire pressure monthly. Properly inflated tires not only enhance
  safety, they also improve fuel efficiency by roughly 3% — a significant
  savings at today’s fuel prices.
• The recommended tire pressure from your vehicle manufacturer is
  located on a sticker inside the driver’s door opening, not on the tire.
• Recommended tire pressure is based on “cold” tires — three or more
  hours since the vehicle has been driven. For the most accurate reading,
  check tire pressure before you drive since pressure increases as tires
  warm up.
• The “Max Load/Max Pressure” is not the pressure at which the tire will
  burst. Instead, increasing pressure beyond this point results in no
  additional load-carrying capacity beyond that stated.
• Unless it is nearly flat, a visual inspection will not show you if the tire is
  low on air. When checking tire pressure, visually inspect for bulges, cracks
  or objects that may have pierced the tread.
Amazing all the tire pressures on the
   weekly sheet are the same
        It not if the question is when

•   Even if you do everything right to take care of your tires, you still may someday
    end up with a flat tire. If you are truly prepared, you’ve got a tire emergency plan:
•   Make sure your spare tire is properly inflated and your vehicle jack is in working
•   Decide in advance if you will change your own tire or rely on a roadside service
•   If you are going to change the tire yourself, make sure you are familiar with the
    process as outlined in your vehicle owner’s manual. The first concern is safety and
    you should only attempt to change a tire if you know how and are in a safe location.
•   If you are going to rely on a road service provider, make sure you have the right
    phone number and a way to call them. Many newer vehicles have built-in
    technology and subscription services that can summon assistance with just the
    touch of a button.
                  SECURE THE CARGO
•    Begin each trip by securing the most important cargo—yourself and your
    passengers. Always BUCKLE UP—It’s the most important thing you can do
    to prevent injury in a crash.
•   Think of everything in your vehicle as a potential projectile in the event of
    a crash and you’ll see anything you choose to carry in a whole new light.
•   Be sure to utilize all secured storage spaces, such as your glove box, front
    armrest and center console compartments; keep your dash clear.
•   Utilize compartments such as seat-back and door pockets.
•   Whenever possible, heavy items such as luggage, tools and even laptops
    should be stored in the trunk if you have one. Nets, straps and bungee
    cords should be used to secure large or heavy items in company vehicle.
•   Try to avoid packing above the line of the seat backs. As well as obscuring
    the view, anything packed higher than this may fly forward in a crash or
    after sudden/emergency braking, potentially causing head injury.
 General Housekeeping Is Mandatory
               CLEAR THE CLUTTER
• Each time you fill up with gas, use that time to
  toss the trash and clean out the cup holders.
• Make a habit of removing unnecessary items
  from the vehicle once per week. Choose a
  week day when you know you will have some
  extra time, and commit to clearing out
  unnecessary cargo upon parking at home or at
  designated overnight lodging stops.
Your mind will stay better focused on your
driving if your body is properly fit to a clean,
organized vehicle with a clear field of vision.

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