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The U.S. Military Online A Directory for Internet Access to the Department of Defense 2nd Edition (1998) William M. Arkin The U.S. Military Online (ISBN 1-57488-178-7, 256 p. paperback, illus., index), a National Security Archive book published by Brassey's (U.S.), is available from the publisher (1-800-776- 2518) or online at Amazon.com and other booksellers. Want to read comments and reviews for the 1st Edition? Overview and Contents Why a written guide to the .mil domain when the Internet has such a fleeting quality and the U.S. military has its own culture of constant reorganization? The answer is the very complexity of the military establishment, the size of the .mil domain, and the increasing inability and unwillingness of the Internet search engines to index the totality of the web, particularly in areas of such specialized and limited interest as military affairs. Since the first edition of this guide was published in 1997, the U.S. military march to use the web for so-called "public affairs" and internal communications and for the conduct of basic business continues. The list of commands or bases who don't have a public Internet presence is getting very small–the scope of activity on the net is so broad now that even a directory of this size only covers the top-level and most publicly relevant sites, ignoring much specialized material "below." Just a year or so ago it was remarkable to note that speeches by Defense Department and military service officials, press releases, and fact sheets were available online 24 hours a day, seven days a week. But now, the novelty of online PR has waned, and it is the regulations and manuals, studies, program descriptions and documents, budget data and business solicitations, and databases and search engines that are increasingly the guts of Internet content. The U.S. Military Online is not a how-to guide about accessing or using the Internet nor an exhaustive listing of its resources. It is instead a decoding of the U.S. military and its information assets as represented by the websites of the hundreds of bases, commands and activities, presented, it is hoped, in easily accessible form--by organization, subject matter, and geographic location. Because I believe that the Internet does not spell the end of the printed word, a variety of means are presented for contacting military establishments, whether by good old-fashioned telephone and postal service, or via E-mail. The Guide is thus also a general directory of the U.S. military that will be useful to any scholarly researcher, journalist, librarian, or active citizen hoping to make heads or tails of America's most influential institution. Table of Contents o Introduction and Overview o Finding the U.S. Military on the Internet o Basic Information Resources o Think Tanks, Schools, Libraries, and History Collections o Defense Policies, Weapons, and Systems o The Business of the Department of Defense o Defense Department, Joint Chiefs of Staff, and Unified Commands o Department of the Air Force o Department of the Army o Department of the Navy o Major Military Bases in the United States, by State o Major Military Bases and Commands Overseas o Acronyms o Index The Directory is in three main parts, and the military establishment is presented by organization, subject, and location. Given the ever shifting nature of the military and the Internet, it is as important to know how to find something online as it is to rely on the snapshot provided in this directory. Chapter 1 provides background on general search tools of the Internet, as well as descriptions of the mega-directories that will be useful for finding Internet assets (including official Web indexes maintained by the military as well as some commercial services). Sources for understanding military acronyms and terminology are provided, as well as the means to locate military personnel, related associations, biographies, fact sheets, photos, etc. Chapter 2 highlight the most prominent homepages ("gateways") maintained by the Defense Department (DefenseLINK) and the services (AirForceLINK, ArmyLINK, NavyOnline, MarineLINK), as well as some mega-pages of note (e.g., the Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC)). Given the decentralized and complex nature of the military, official gateways are hardly comprehensive directories of subordinate bases and organizations. Under each entity in Chapter 2 are some of the more popular public affairs resources – such as the many military news services available online at Web sites and the growing number of Pentagon-published magazines and journals, the full-text of which are freely available online. Chapter 3 covers the impressive array of official think tanks, schools, libraries and military history collections. These institutions are of the greatest value to the social science researcher or journalist, for they deal with subjects ranging from military sociology to international relations. The think tanks and academic institutions of the military tend to have excellent web sites with plenty of useful information (e.g., reports, bibliographies, analysis) online. The extensive military history establishment is far behind the think tanks and schools in terms of resources online, though the day of online historical documents and finding aids is not far away. Finally, the major military libraries with publicly-accessible online catalogs and other Internet materials are listed, with instructions for online access. Some of the collections are truly unique. Chapter 4 covers defense policies, weapons information and other high profile warfighting and doctrinal initiatives. Tracking current military policy is now feasible online, and the official doctrine of the military, in the form of Joint Publications, Field Manuals, and Naval Warfare Publications, are increasingly accessible in full text. What is more, Defense Department directives and regulations, as well as an increasing array of service regulations, publications and forms, are also being placed online. Chapter 5, which is new with this edition, covers the business of the Defense Department. This includes resources for tracking the defense budget, and the Defense Department's research, development, test, evaluation, and contracting activities. Chapters 6, 7, 8 and 9 are thorough explanations of Defense Department organization and online access. Chapter 5 proceeds, more or less hierarchically, through the Defense Department headquarters, the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Defense Agencies, and DOD Field Activities; followed by the Joint Chiefs of Staff and Unified Commands. Chapters 7, 8, and 9 repeat the process for the Departments of the Air Force, Army, and Navy. For each service, the Office of the Secretary and the Chiefs are described, as are the headquarters staff, major commands, field operating agencies, and operating forces. For major commands and agencies, full descriptions of online resources is provided in these chapters. Chapters 10 and 11 list, alphabetically state by state, and country by country, major military installations in the United States and overseas, including a description of the commands, activities, and units at each facility. The coverage is only of major active duty organizations and facilities. For brevity, only military units at higher echelons are included (e.g., generally down to wing-level in the Air Force, division and separate brigade in the Army, regiment in the Marines, wing and group level in the Navy). Many of the base or headquarters homepages listed provide links to further subordinate units and activities. Recommended Sites One of the features of the 2nd Edition is the highlighting of about 100 of the best and most useful sites in (and about) the .mil domain. The links and descriptions of these sites are provided here. Web Locators and Reference War, Peace, and Security WWW Server http://www.cfcsc.dnd.ca/ An excellent and comprehensive site of military resources worldwide, compiled by the Canadian Forces Command and Staff College. Includes military news, links, hotspots, etc. In English and French. Armed Forces Communications, Inc. http://www.armedforces.com/ Another private website of note, containing a worldwide directory of installations and units. Directorate for Information Operations and Reports (DIOR) http://web1.whs.osd.mil/DIORHOME.HTM Official DOD repository of statistical information covering personnel and procurement issues. The catalog of publications includes a listing of available reports. The Manpower Management Information Division prepares military and civilian manpower statistics: personnel by rank and grade, casualty figures for October 1979 to the present, the Roster of General Flag Officers, and various statistical atlases reflecting distribution of personnel by state and by selected locations. The Procurement and Economic Information Division compiles information and statistics, such as the Top 100 Prime Contractors, as well as comprehensive listing of contract awards over $25,000, by contractor and by state. Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL) Dictionary and Thesaurus http://call.army.mil/call/thesaur/index.htm Database of military terminology, acronyms, geographic codes, names of statesmen, military leaders, weapons, UN peacekeeping operations, and exercises. Joint Combat Camera Center http://dodimagery.afis.osd.mil/ Online search database of publicly released and restricted photos by military specialists, accessible with user name and password of "public." National Defense University (NDU) Library Defense Nexus http://www.ndu.edu/ndu/library/military.html Online guide to Air Force, Army, Defense, Navy and Marine Corps, international military links and civilian defense-related links on the Internet, arranged by service, alphabetical, and by subject. Standard Installation Topic Exchange Service (SITES) http://www.dmdc.osd.mil/sites/ Defense Manpower Data Center website providing official information about military installations in the United States and overseas. Each installation profile includes information on the base, units and commands, background on the local community, and housing and other family services. Major Homepages DefenseLINK http://www.defenselink.mil/ The starting point for information about the Defense Department, its organizations, and functions. Officially inaugurated in November 1994, the home page now includes official news releases, photos, publications such as the Quadrennial Defense Review and the Secretary of Defense Annual Report to Congress, statements of defense officials, fact sheets, biographies, etc. The much improved internal search engine includes all DefenseLINK material. The somewhat outdated DOD Organizations and Functions Guidebook explains the functions of the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), the Defense Agencies, and DOD Field Activities. Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) http://www.dtic.mil/ The central world wide web server of the Defense Department and the repository of DOD technical reports, DTIC's Internet Resources include the Scientific and Technical Information Network (STINET), a publicly accessible database of releasable technical reports from 1986 to the present (more than 400,000 citations and abstracts); as well as access to the databases of technical reports of NASA and the Department of Energy (DOE). The Defense Technical Information Web Locator contains links to a wide variety of DOD (and non-DOD) Internet resources arranged by subject category. JCSLink http://www.dtic.mil/jcs Ever improving homepage of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, with access to Joint Staff organizations, speeches, testimony, doctrinal and other publications. The Joint Electronic Library (see also below) contains the full-text of unclassified joint publications, selected service publications, and related papers and studies. AirForceLINK http://www.af.mil/ Department of the Air Force homepage inaugurated in April 1995, and including the Air Force Library of biographies, fact sheets on Air Force organizations and weapons systems, an FAQ, publications, and speeches and testimony by Air Force civilian and military leaders. Air Force News is a daily news service on issues of concern to the service. Includes a search engine. Air Force Sites is an alphabetical and major command listing of publicly accessible Air Force websites. ArmyLINK http://www.army.mil/ Department of the Army homepage inaugurated in February 1995, and including the Fact File on Army equipment, weapon systems, vehicles, and aircraft, Army News, speeches, photos, etc. The homepage includes links to information about Army installations, as well as a alphabetical, chronological, and subject listing of Army websites. NavyOnLine http://www.navy.mil/ Department of the Navy homepage inaugurated in November 1993 and one of the best "public affairs" libraries of FAQs, biographies, speeches, testimony, publications, fact sheets, etc. Status of the US Navy is updated weekly. The Navy Fact File contains descriptions of the roles and characteristics of Navy aircraft, ships and weapons. The Navy News Service is updated weekly. MarineLINK http://www.usmc.mil/ Marine Corps homepage, inaugurated in November 1994, containing biographies, speeches and testimony, reports, the regularly updated Marine Corps News, and information on Marine history, organization, and policies. Educational Institutions and Military Think Tanks Air University http://www.au.af.mil/ Main academic headquarters of the Air Force, located at Maxwell AFB, Alabama, with numerous subordinate schools and colleges. The Air University post more full-text of student and faculty reports than any other military academic institution. The Air University Research Database is a fully searchable database of ongoing research projects, papers, and reports by Air University scholars, students, and components. Contains the full-text of research conducted from 1995 to the present. The Air University Faculty Expertise Database provides information on areas of expertise and research interests of AU faculty and fellows, including address, phone number, and Email contact information. Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL) http://call.army.mil:1100/call.html Operated at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas. Fully searchable website of newsletters, reports, and guidebooks relating to operational lessons learned from Army and Joint operations, exercises, and contingencies. The site includes the CALL Dictionary and Thesaurus (mentioned above). College of Aerospace Doctrine, Research and Education (CADRE) http://www.cdsar.af.mil/home.html A think tank of the Air University, the website includes the full-text archive of Airpower, the Air Force's premier scholarly journal, as well as discussion threads relating to articles in the journal. Naval Postgraduate School http://www.nps.navy.mil/ Located in Monterey, California. Naval and Joint higher education institution with excellent resources in the fields of naval sciences; command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence (C4I), information warfare, and space systems. Military Libraries Military Education Research Library Network (MERLN) http://www.inf.pims.org:8000/ Combined online catalogs of eight of the largest Defense Department academic and institutional libraries. Air University Library http://www.airuniv.edu/au/aul/ Located at Maxwell AFB, Alabama, the largest Defense Department library and largest federal government library outside of Washington. The Air University Bibliographies, compiled by librarians at the library, are increasingly online, and contain subject references to Internet resources and citations to books, documents, and journal articles. The Air University Index of Military Periodicals, also online, contains bibliographic references to the specialized military periodical literature from 1990 to the present. Navy Department Library http://www.tlc.library.net/ndl/ Excellent and well organized homepage for the combined resources of the (modest) Navy Library in Washington, DC and the extensive resources of the collocated Naval Historical Center. Redstone Scientific Information Center http://library.redstone.army.mil Located at Redstone Arsenal, Alabama, a comprehensive scientific and technical library with abstracts of over 300,000 books and technical reports concentrating on ordnance, missiles, and weapon systems. The Redstone Arsenal Historical Information website is perhaps one of the finest multi-media official military collections online, with historical documents, photographs, and videos chronicling Cold War Army missile developments. Publication Repositories Washington Headquarters Services Directives and Records Branch Home Page http://web7.whs.osd.mil/corres.htm Online library of Defense Department official directives and instructions. Air Force Material Command (AFMC) Publishing Distribution Library http://www.afmc.wpafb.af.mil/pdl/ Online library of Air Force and AFMC publications and regulations, as well as the gateway to other DOD publishing libraries. Air Force Technology Area Plans (TAPS), prepared annually by AFMC, are projections of the state of technological developments in a dozen areas, and are available for downloading. Army Publishing Agency http://www-usappc.hoffman.army.mil Repository of Army regulations, orders, and pamphlets. Army Training Digital Library http://www.atsc-army.org/atdls.html The Army's "electronic library without walls" contains a growing online full-text library of Field Manuals (FMs), training plans, training circulars, Mission Training Plans, Soldier's Manuals, and other training, informational, doctrinal and reference publications of the Army. Links are also provided to publications of the other military services such as the Marine Corps as well as Joint Publications. Joint Electronic Library (JEL) http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/jel/ Online library of the full-text of unclassified joint doctrinal-related publications, selected service doctrine publications, and related papers and studies. Marine Corps Combat Development Command (CDC) Domino http://188.8.131.52/CDCHome.nsf/?OpenDatabase Department of Defense Business-Related Sites Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology ("ACQWeb") http://www.acq.osd.mil/ The main weapons and systems starting point for DOD-wide research, development, test, and acquisition programs. Includes the LabLINK homepage of military and federal research laboratory resources, the Acquisition Reform Homepage, and other acquisition-related websites, such as the DOD Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR). Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) http://www.dtic.mil/comptroller/99budget/ The DOD Comptroller website has the full documentation of the Defense Department budget request to Congress online. Research and Development Descriptive Summaries http://www.dtic.mil/rdds Searchable depository of Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) Programs and Program Elements (PE Numbers) justification material for Fiscal Years 1995 to the present, as presented to Congress. Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Acquisition) ("Air Force Acquisition Homepage") http://www.safaq.hq.af.mil/ Searchable site dealing with all aspects of acquisition policy, contracting, and program management. The site is a gateway to Air Force contracting and business opportunities. Assistant Secretary of the Army, Financial Management and Comptroller ("Army Financial Management WWW") http://184.108.40.206/ Army budgets and supporting documentation in detail from fiscal years 1995 to the present. Navy Budget Page http://navweb.secnav.navy.mil/budget Navy and Marine Corps budget justification materials as submitted to Congress. Navy long-range Acquisition Estimates http://lrae.abm.rda.hq.navy.mil/ Fully-searchable site. Hanscom Electronic RFP Bulletin Board (HERBB) http://herbb.hanscom.af.mil/ The model for a command-level electronic commerce and procurement website, in this case for the Electronics Systems Center at Hanscom AFB, Massachusetts. Service, Base and Command Sites European Command (EUCOM) http://www.eucom.mil/ The best of the unified command websites. U.S. Forces Korea/U.S. Army Korea http://www.korea.army.mil Air Force Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC) http://www.afmc.wpafb.af.mil/ Well-organized site with the excellent Publications Distribution Library (mentioned above). Air Force Personnel Center http://www.afpc.af.mil/ Human Systems Center http://www.brooks.af.mil/HSC/hschome.html U.S. Air Force Museum http://www.wpafb.af.mil/museum U.S. Air Forces In Europe (USAFE) http://www.usafe.af.mil/ Army Army Air Defense Artillery Center and School http://bliss-www.army.mil Army Corps of Engineers http://www.usace.army.mil/ Another model for a well-organized, fully-searchable, fact-filled website. Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) http://www.forscom.army.mil Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) http://www-tradoc.army.mil/ Combined Arms Center and Fort Leavenworth http://leav-www.army.mil Includes links to resources such as the Foreign Military Studies Office. 5th Signal Command and U.S. Army Europe Information Management http://www.5sigcmd.army.mil Fort Monmouth ("Team C4IEWS") http://www.monmouth.army.mil Total Army Personnel Command (PERSCOM) http://www-perscom.army.mil Navy Deputy Chief of Naval Operations, Space, Information Warfare, and Command and Control (N6) http://copernicus.hq.navy.mil Well-designed website with access to briefings, speeches, documents, etc. Naval Air Systems Command Naval Aviation Team http://www.navair.navy.mil Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division http://www.nawcad.navy.mil/nawcad/ Naval Computer and Telecommunications Area Master Station Atlantic http://www.chips.navy.mil Naval Facilities Engineering Command http://www.navy.mil/homepages/navfac/ Naval Research Laboratory http://www.nrl.navy.mil/ The website covers basic research issues concerning the naval environment. Naval Sea Systems Command http://www.navsea.navy.mil Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division http://www.crane.navy.mil Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division http://www.nswc.navy.mil U.S. Pacific Fleet http://www.cpf.navy.mil/ Marine Corps Marine Corps Combat Development Command http://220.127.116.11 Marine Corps Systems Command http://www.marcorsyscom.usmc.mil Special Subject Sites Air Combat Command Center for Lessons Learned http://redwood.do.langley.af.mil Center of Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance http://coe.tamc.amedd.army.mil/ Located at Tripler Army Medical Center in Hawaii, and operated by Pacific Command (PACOM), this site covers all aspects of humanitarian assistance and disaster response and preparedness. Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence and Electronic Warfare Project Book http://cecom5.monmouth.army.mil/intranet/prjbk98.nsf Alphabetical, nomenclature, and system/equipment name index and database of descriptions of Army C4I-related projects and programs. DOD Base Closure and Community Reinvestment http://www.acq.osd.mil/iai/bccr.htm GulfLINK http://www.gulflink.osd.mil/ The homepage for the Persian Gulf War Veterans Illnesses Task Force initiated in 1995, contains background information and up-to-date research and analysis relating to the Gulf War, including a searchable index of full-text declassified documents. Inspector General of the Department of Defense http://www.dodig.osd.mil/ Full-text access to IG reports and investigations. Navstar Global Positioning System (GPS) Joint Program Office http://www.laafb.af.mil/SMC/CZ/homepage/ Navy Base Closures Staff http://www.n4.hq.navy.mil/n44/n44main.htm Test and Evaluation (T&E) Community Network (TECNET) http://tecnet0.jcte.jcs.mil:9000/ Homepage of the DOD test and evaluation community, with references, news, and numerous bulletin boards. U.S. Army Europe Lesson Learned Homepage http://www.odcsops.hqusareur.army.mil/ Compiled 15 September 1998 http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/usmil/usmil.htm
"The U.S. Military Online- A Directory for Internet Access to the Department of Defense"