The U.S. Military Online
A Directory for Internet Access to the Department of Defense
2nd Edition (1998)
William M. Arkin
The U.S. Military Online (ISBN 1-57488-178-7, 256 p. paperback, illus., index), a National
Security Archive book published by Brassey's (U.S.), is available from the publisher (1-800-776-
2518) or online at Amazon.com and other booksellers. Want to read comments and reviews for
the 1st Edition?
Overview and Contents
Why a written guide to the .mil domain when the Internet has such a fleeting quality and the U.S.
military has its own culture of constant reorganization? The answer is the very complexity of the
military establishment, the size of the .mil domain, and the increasing inability and unwillingness
of the Internet search engines to index the totality of the web, particularly in areas of such
specialized and limited interest as military affairs.
Since the first edition of this guide was published in 1997, the U.S. military march to use the web
for so-called "public affairs" and internal communications and for the conduct of basic business
continues. The list of commands or bases who don't have a public Internet presence is getting
very small–the scope of activity on the net is so broad now that even a directory of this size only
covers the top-level and most publicly relevant sites, ignoring much specialized material
Just a year or so ago it was remarkable to note that speeches by Defense Department and military
service officials, press releases, and fact sheets were available online 24 hours a day, seven days
a week. But now, the novelty of online PR has waned, and it is the regulations and manuals,
studies, program descriptions and documents, budget data and business solicitations, and
databases and search engines that are increasingly the guts of Internet content.
The U.S. Military Online is not a how-to guide about accessing or using the Internet nor an
exhaustive listing of its resources. It is instead a decoding of the U.S. military and its
information assets as represented by the websites of the hundreds of bases, commands and
activities, presented, it is hoped, in easily accessible form--by organization, subject matter, and
geographic location. Because I believe that the Internet does not spell the end of the printed
word, a variety of means are presented for contacting military establishments, whether by good
old-fashioned telephone and postal service, or via E-mail. The Guide is thus also a general
directory of the U.S. military that will be useful to any scholarly researcher, journalist, librarian,
or active citizen hoping to make heads or tails of America's most influential institution.
Table of Contents
o Introduction and Overview
o Finding the U.S. Military on the Internet
o Basic Information Resources
o Think Tanks, Schools, Libraries, and History Collections
o Defense Policies, Weapons, and Systems
o The Business of the Department of Defense
o Defense Department, Joint Chiefs of Staff, and Unified Commands
o Department of the Air Force
o Department of the Army
o Department of the Navy
o Major Military Bases in the United States, by State
o Major Military Bases and Commands Overseas
The Directory is in three main parts, and the military establishment is presented by organization,
subject, and location. Given the ever shifting nature of the military and the Internet, it is as
important to know how to find something online as it is to rely on the snapshot provided in this
directory. Chapter 1 provides background on general search tools of the Internet, as well as
descriptions of the mega-directories that will be useful for finding Internet assets (including
official Web indexes maintained by the military as well as some commercial services). Sources
for understanding military acronyms and terminology are provided, as well as the means to
locate military personnel, related associations, biographies, fact sheets, photos, etc.
Chapter 2 highlight the most prominent homepages ("gateways") maintained by the Defense
Department (DefenseLINK) and the services (AirForceLINK, ArmyLINK, NavyOnline,
MarineLINK), as well as some mega-pages of note (e.g., the Defense Technical Information
Center (DTIC)). Given the decentralized and complex nature of the military, official gateways
are hardly comprehensive directories of subordinate bases and organizations. Under each entity
in Chapter 2 are some of the more popular public affairs resources – such as the many military
news services available online at Web sites and the growing number of Pentagon-published
magazines and journals, the full-text of which are freely available online.
Chapter 3 covers the impressive array of official think tanks, schools, libraries and military
history collections. These institutions are of the greatest value to the social science researcher or
journalist, for they deal with subjects ranging from military sociology to international relations.
The think tanks and academic institutions of the military tend to have excellent web sites with
plenty of useful information (e.g., reports, bibliographies, analysis) online. The extensive
military history establishment is far behind the think tanks and schools in terms of resources
online, though the day of online historical documents and finding aids is not far away. Finally,
the major military libraries with publicly-accessible online catalogs and other Internet materials
are listed, with instructions for online access. Some of the collections are truly unique.
Chapter 4 covers defense policies, weapons information and other high profile warfighting and
doctrinal initiatives. Tracking current military policy is now feasible online, and the official
doctrine of the military, in the form of Joint Publications, Field Manuals, and Naval Warfare
Publications, are increasingly accessible in full text. What is more, Defense Department
directives and regulations, as well as an increasing array of service regulations, publications and
forms, are also being placed online.
Chapter 5, which is new with this edition, covers the business of the Defense Department. This
includes resources for tracking the defense budget, and the Defense Department's research,
development, test, evaluation, and contracting activities.
Chapters 6, 7, 8 and 9 are thorough explanations of Defense Department organization and online
access. Chapter 5 proceeds, more or less hierarchically, through the Defense Department
headquarters, the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Defense Agencies, and DOD Field
Activities; followed by the Joint Chiefs of Staff and Unified Commands. Chapters 7, 8, and 9
repeat the process for the Departments of the Air Force, Army, and Navy. For each service, the
Office of the Secretary and the Chiefs are described, as are the headquarters staff, major
commands, field operating agencies, and operating forces. For major commands and agencies,
full descriptions of online resources is provided in these chapters.
Chapters 10 and 11 list, alphabetically state by state, and country by country, major military
installations in the United States and overseas, including a description of the commands,
activities, and units at each facility. The coverage is only of major active duty organizations and
facilities. For brevity, only military units at higher echelons are included (e.g., generally down to
wing-level in the Air Force, division and separate brigade in the Army, regiment in the Marines,
wing and group level in the Navy). Many of the base or headquarters homepages listed provide
links to further subordinate units and activities.
One of the features of the 2nd Edition is the highlighting of about 100 of the best and most useful
sites in (and about) the .mil domain. The links and descriptions of these sites are provided here.
Web Locators and Reference
War, Peace, and Security WWW Server
An excellent and comprehensive site of military resources worldwide, compiled by the
Canadian Forces Command and Staff College. Includes military news, links, hotspots,
etc. In English and French.
Armed Forces Communications, Inc.
Another private website of note, containing a worldwide directory of installations and
Directorate for Information Operations and Reports (DIOR)
Official DOD repository of statistical information covering personnel and procurement
issues. The catalog of publications includes a listing of available reports. The Manpower
Management Information Division prepares military and civilian manpower statistics:
personnel by rank and grade, casualty figures for October 1979 to the present, the Roster
of General Flag Officers, and various statistical atlases reflecting distribution of
personnel by state and by selected locations. The Procurement and Economic
Information Division compiles information and statistics, such as the Top 100 Prime
Contractors, as well as comprehensive listing of contract awards over $25,000, by
contractor and by state.
Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL) Dictionary and Thesaurus
Database of military terminology, acronyms, geographic codes, names of statesmen,
military leaders, weapons, UN peacekeeping operations, and exercises.
Joint Combat Camera Center
Online search database of publicly released and restricted photos by military specialists,
accessible with user name and password of "public."
National Defense University (NDU) Library Defense Nexus
Online guide to Air Force, Army, Defense, Navy and Marine Corps, international
military links and civilian defense-related links on the Internet, arranged by service,
alphabetical, and by subject.
Standard Installation Topic Exchange Service (SITES)
Defense Manpower Data Center website providing official information about military
installations in the United States and overseas. Each installation profile includes
information on the base, units and commands, background on the local community, and
housing and other family services.
The starting point for information about the Defense Department, its organizations, and
functions. Officially inaugurated in November 1994, the home page now includes
official news releases, photos, publications such as the Quadrennial Defense Review and
the Secretary of Defense Annual Report to Congress, statements of defense officials, fact
sheets, biographies, etc. The much improved internal search engine includes all
DefenseLINK material. The somewhat outdated DOD Organizations and Functions
Guidebook explains the functions of the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), the
Defense Agencies, and DOD Field Activities.
Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC)
The central world wide web server of the Defense Department and the repository of DOD
technical reports, DTIC's Internet Resources include the Scientific and Technical
Information Network (STINET), a publicly accessible database of releasable technical
reports from 1986 to the present (more than 400,000 citations and abstracts); as well as
access to the databases of technical reports of NASA and the Department of Energy
(DOE). The Defense Technical Information Web Locator contains links to a wide variety
of DOD (and non-DOD) Internet resources arranged by subject category.
Ever improving homepage of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, with access to Joint Staff
organizations, speeches, testimony, doctrinal and other publications. The Joint
Electronic Library (see also below) contains the full-text of unclassified joint
publications, selected service publications, and related papers and studies.
Department of the Air Force homepage inaugurated in April 1995, and including the Air
Force Library of biographies, fact sheets on Air Force organizations and weapons
systems, an FAQ, publications, and speeches and testimony by Air Force civilian and
military leaders. Air Force News is a daily news service on issues of concern to the
service. Includes a search engine. Air Force Sites is an alphabetical and major command
listing of publicly accessible Air Force websites.
Department of the Army homepage inaugurated in February 1995, and including the Fact
File on Army equipment, weapon systems, vehicles, and aircraft, Army News, speeches,
photos, etc. The homepage includes links to information about Army installations, as
well as a alphabetical, chronological, and subject listing of Army websites.
Department of the Navy homepage inaugurated in November 1993 and one of the best
"public affairs" libraries of FAQs, biographies, speeches, testimony, publications, fact
sheets, etc. Status of the US Navy is updated weekly. The Navy Fact File contains
descriptions of the roles and characteristics of Navy aircraft, ships and weapons. The
Navy News Service is updated weekly.
Marine Corps homepage, inaugurated in November 1994, containing biographies,
speeches and testimony, reports, the regularly updated Marine Corps News, and
information on Marine history, organization, and policies.
Educational Institutions and Military Think Tanks
Main academic headquarters of the Air Force, located at Maxwell AFB, Alabama, with
numerous subordinate schools and colleges. The Air University post more full-text of
student and faculty reports than any other military academic institution. The Air
University Research Database is a fully searchable database of ongoing research projects,
papers, and reports by Air University scholars, students, and components. Contains the
full-text of research conducted from 1995 to the present. The Air University Faculty
Expertise Database provides information on areas of expertise and research interests of
AU faculty and fellows, including address, phone number, and Email contact
Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL)
Operated at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas. Fully searchable website of newsletters, reports,
and guidebooks relating to operational lessons learned from Army and Joint operations,
exercises, and contingencies. The site includes the CALL Dictionary and Thesaurus
College of Aerospace Doctrine, Research and Education (CADRE)
A think tank of the Air University, the website includes the full-text archive of Airpower, the Air
Force's premier scholarly journal, as well as discussion threads relating to articles in the journal.
Naval Postgraduate School
Located in Monterey, California. Naval and Joint higher education institution with excellent
resources in the fields of naval sciences; command, control, communications, computers, and
intelligence (C4I), information warfare, and space systems.
Military Education Research Library Network (MERLN)
Combined online catalogs of eight of the largest Defense Department academic and
Air University Library
Located at Maxwell AFB, Alabama, the largest Defense Department library and largest
federal government library outside of Washington. The Air University Bibliographies,
compiled by librarians at the library, are increasingly online, and contain subject
references to Internet resources and citations to books, documents, and journal articles.
The Air University Index of Military Periodicals, also online, contains bibliographic
references to the specialized military periodical literature from 1990 to the present.
Navy Department Library
Excellent and well organized homepage for the combined resources of the (modest) Navy
Library in Washington, DC and the extensive resources of the collocated Naval Historical
Redstone Scientific Information Center
Located at Redstone Arsenal, Alabama, a comprehensive scientific and technical library
with abstracts of over 300,000 books and technical reports concentrating on ordnance,
missiles, and weapon systems. The Redstone Arsenal Historical Information website is
perhaps one of the finest multi-media official military collections online, with historical
documents, photographs, and videos chronicling Cold War Army missile developments.
Washington Headquarters Services Directives and Records Branch Home Page
Online library of Defense Department official directives and instructions.
Air Force Material Command (AFMC) Publishing Distribution Library
Online library of Air Force and AFMC publications and regulations, as well as the
gateway to other DOD publishing libraries. Air Force Technology Area Plans (TAPS),
prepared annually by AFMC, are projections of the state of technological developments
in a dozen areas, and are available for downloading.
Army Publishing Agency
Repository of Army regulations, orders, and pamphlets.
Army Training Digital Library
The Army's "electronic library without walls" contains a growing online full-text library
of Field Manuals (FMs), training plans, training circulars, Mission Training Plans,
Soldier's Manuals, and other training, informational, doctrinal and reference publications
of the Army. Links are also provided to publications of the other military services such
as the Marine Corps as well as Joint Publications.
Joint Electronic Library (JEL)
Online library of the full-text of unclassified joint doctrinal-related publications, selected
service doctrine publications, and related papers and studies.
Marine Corps Combat Development Command (CDC) Domino
Department of Defense Business-Related Sites
Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology ("ACQWeb")
The main weapons and systems starting point for DOD-wide research, development, test, and
acquisition programs. Includes the LabLINK homepage of military and federal research
laboratory resources, the Acquisition Reform Homepage, and other acquisition-related websites,
such as the DOD Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR).
Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller)
The DOD Comptroller website has the full documentation of the Defense Department
budget request to Congress online.
Research and Development Descriptive Summaries
Searchable depository of Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E)
Programs and Program Elements (PE Numbers) justification material for Fiscal Years
1995 to the present, as presented to Congress.
Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Acquisition) ("Air Force Acquisition Homepage")
Searchable site dealing with all aspects of acquisition policy, contracting, and program
management. The site is a gateway to Air Force contracting and business opportunities.
Assistant Secretary of the Army, Financial Management and Comptroller ("Army
Financial Management WWW")
Army budgets and supporting documentation in detail from fiscal years 1995 to the
Navy Budget Page
Navy and Marine Corps budget justification materials as submitted to Congress.
Navy long-range Acquisition Estimates
Hanscom Electronic RFP Bulletin Board (HERBB)
The model for a command-level electronic commerce and procurement website, in this
case for the Electronics Systems Center at Hanscom AFB, Massachusetts.
Service, Base and Command Sites
European Command (EUCOM)
The best of the unified command websites.
U.S. Forces Korea/U.S. Army Korea
Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC)
Well-organized site with the excellent Publications Distribution Library (mentioned
Air Force Personnel Center
Human Systems Center
U.S. Air Force Museum
U.S. Air Forces In Europe (USAFE)
Army Air Defense Artillery Center and School
Army Corps of Engineers
Another model for a well-organized, fully-searchable, fact-filled website.
Army Forces Command (FORSCOM)
Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC)
Combined Arms Center and Fort Leavenworth
Includes links to resources such as the Foreign Military Studies Office.
5th Signal Command and U.S. Army Europe Information Management
Fort Monmouth ("Team C4IEWS")
Total Army Personnel Command (PERSCOM)
Deputy Chief of Naval Operations, Space, Information Warfare, and Command and
Well-designed website with access to briefings, speeches, documents, etc.
Naval Air Systems Command Naval Aviation Team
Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division
Naval Computer and Telecommunications Area Master Station Atlantic
Naval Facilities Engineering Command
Naval Research Laboratory
The website covers basic research issues concerning the naval environment.
Naval Sea Systems Command
Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division
Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division
U.S. Pacific Fleet
Marine Corps Combat Development Command
Marine Corps Systems Command
Special Subject Sites
Air Combat Command Center for Lessons Learned
Center of Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance
Located at Tripler Army Medical Center in Hawaii, and operated by Pacific Command
(PACOM), this site covers all aspects of humanitarian assistance and disaster response
Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence and Electronic Warfare
Alphabetical, nomenclature, and system/equipment name index and database of
descriptions of Army C4I-related projects and programs.
DOD Base Closure and Community Reinvestment
The homepage for the Persian Gulf War Veterans Illnesses Task Force initiated in 1995,
contains background information and up-to-date research and analysis relating to the Gulf
War, including a searchable index of full-text declassified documents.
Inspector General of the Department of Defense
Full-text access to IG reports and investigations.
Navstar Global Positioning System (GPS) Joint Program Office
Navy Base Closures Staff
Test and Evaluation (T&E) Community Network (TECNET)
Homepage of the DOD test and evaluation community, with references, news, and
numerous bulletin boards.
U.S. Army Europe Lesson Learned Homepage
Compiled 15 September 1998