Digital Re-print -
July | August 2013
FEED FOCUS: Health benefits of natural feed
ingredients: oregano increases efficiency of cattle
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remarkable. For example, when used to con- cent of the animals were free of
trol fungi, the dose required to eliminate symptoms. The rest of the animals were
Health benefits 99.9 percent of Candida is 111 times lower
than with the standard medication (calcium-
magnesium-caprylate). In other cases, a con-
healed after the second administration.
Although these results were also obtained in
the control group, they were only obtained
of natural feed
centration of 0.1 percent or 0.01 percent is with the use of a hard ‘chemical cocktail’
already sufficient to eliminate 90 percent. consisting of Baytril, Bacolam and Biosol.
The laboratory values can generally be Infections, parasites or bacterial toxins
transferred to practical use in cattle farming, generally cause diarrhoeal disease. It can
however, some restrictions may apply. For be recognised by frequent bowel move-
example, although oregano is very effective ments that tend to be of liquid consistence
at inhibiting the spreading of Salmonella, and sometimes severe pain in the animals.
oregano increases in the barn, these bacteria are not only
found in the livestock, but also in alternate
Diarrhoea requires immediate treatment,
since fluids and minerals are flushed out
efficiency of cattle hosts, which makes control more difficult.
This did not detract from the triumph of
of the body due to the reduced water-
absorbing capacity of the intestinal cells.
feeds this natural product: oregano is being used
in commercial livestock farming more than
Dehydration and loss of electrolytes could
ultimately lead to the death of the animal.
ever. Incidentally, it is used mainly for pre-
Thomas Logemann, Head vention until the slaughtering day, since it is Respiratory disease
of Sales, Dostofarm GmbH, possible without altering the flavour of the Another field of application is respira-
animal product and without record in the tory disease caused by bacteria or viruses.
Germany medication log. As a side effect, oregano However, the animals are only susceptible
stimulates the animal's appetite and prevents when the farmer creates the conditions
premature spoilage of the feed. Oregano that lead to infection. For this reason, the
ince the 1950s, scientists have also leaves no detectable flavour in milk and surrounding conditions should be checked
known about the medical efficacy of milk products. before using medication.
certain plants. Still, they only found Several manufacturers share the market. A crucial point here is insufficient hygiene.
their way into modern livestock farming The German company Dostofarm was one Direct contact between persons and the
about 10 years ago. Today, they are not of the first to work on processing of oregano animals should be restricted as much as
only found in the organic sector. for livestock farming. Today, the company possible in order to reduce the introduction
is the only one to offer natural compounds of pathogens. Also, reducing person traffic
However, hardly any plant is useful simply as a medicine whose efficacy is confirmed through all the operating areas can help to
fresh from the field or dried. The plants are according to the German Medicines Law. prevent the spread of existing pathogens.
generally elaborately distilled or fermented, In terms of cost, the conversion to natural The animals themselves are also carriers. It
in order to extract the essential oils as a products is economical, as demonstrated is always risky to freshen up the population
base for a suitable organic compound. In the by numerous examples from organic and with purchased animals. If it cannot be avoid-
laboratory, the inhibition zone test delivers conventional livestock farming. The admin- ed, animals should only be bought from one
proof of efficacy: the larger the clear circle, istration is simple, since the active substance or few (known) suppliers, which restricts the
the more effective the compound. In objec- is only added to the feed or drinking water. spectrum of potential pathogens.
tive comparative tests with several natural There is no danger of an overdose and there Stress factors such as drafts through
compounds, prepared oregano was proven are no known cases of resistance. doors or windows that do not close prop-
to be the most effective biological agent. erly or uncoordinated opening of these may
The oil extracted from the plant inhib- Intestinal stability promote the occurrence of disease. For
ited 19 of 25 investigated bacterial strains, Oregano has also proven itself for pre- this reason, ventilation should be optimally
showed good efficacy against four strains, ventative use to stabilise the intestines of adjusted. This keeps the air temperature
and only had to admit defeat in two cases. barn animals. Compared to conventional constant, so that the animal's organism
Thus, oregano is considered to be a natural compounds, oregano is even usually more does not need to mobilise its reserves to
broad-spectrum bacteria killer. economical and as a bonus, it does not pose compensate for cooling. Cleanliness is always
a health hazard. key. In the barn, this means that: droppings
Broad-spectrum bacteria killer A study shows that oregano is very should not be left to lie longer than neces-
The advantage of oregano compared to effective when administered as a feed sup- sary. Therefore, the litter has to be changed
other compounds is the relatively low effec- plement. Oregano was given to a group as often as required to keep the air free of
tive dose and the neutral flavour in meat, of calves (43 animals) that had diarrhoea. ammonia. Pay attention to dust in general,
milk and eggs. The low dose is particularly Already after one single treatment, 58 per- as it has a highly irritating effect. The primary
28 | July - august 2013 Grain &feed millinG technoloGy
stress factors also include the mobilisation of Climate protection side effect pounds are best suited for the purpose:
the population. Thus, changes of building and Only a few months ago, scientists from the positive effects of this plant have been
transportation should be avoided as much as the Pennsylvania State University, USA sur- known for centuries. Although their use had
possible. Separate animals that disturb the prised the world with the discovery that decreased in the last decades due to the
population due to hierarchy conflicts. cattle farmers can make a great contribution industrial production of antibiotics and other
Altogether, it is important to protect to climate protection with little effort. chemical products, their use has fortunately
the animals' immune system and mucous In a study carried out
membranes. This also prevents secondary on Holstein cows, it was
diseases, for example, of the intestinal shown that already a small
Photo courtesy of Dostofarm
tract. The majority of these measures amount of oregano in
can be accomplished without additional the feed can reduce the
costs, simply by reorganising the operating exhalation of methane gas
procedures accordingly. If one wants to from animal stomachs by
Figure the risks needs distribution for pregnant sows
reduce 1: Energy even more, the natural 40 percent. Undesirable 2: Daily feed intake for pregnant sows
oregano compounds can be added to side effects were not
the drinking water or sprinkled around observed. On the con-
gain rate and meat quality. The proteins Sow feeding From the table we know that the daily
the barn. Parallel to this, the animals can trary, the cows increased
and amino acids of feed ingredients are Figure 1 shows the energy needs distribu- feed intake for pregnant sows should be
also be immunised. Antibiotics should only fat-corrected milk produc-
used to stimulate the production of lean tion for pregnant sows. From the table we reduced to 2.5 kg during the first 30 days so
be administered if a large portion of the tion by almost four per-
body mass. Research shows that greater know most of the feed is used as energy. as to maintain the energy levels and reduce
population is infected. cent. The quantity of fresh
energy intakes directly improve pigs’ pro- During this period, it is important that feed waste. Then feed intake is adopted
Meanwhile, organic farmers must con- oregano of 500 grams fed
tein and lean meat accumulation, the daily the feed ingredients are not mouldy or according to the body conditions. In the
tinue to use natural compounds. In many to each cow on a daily
weight gain, feed utilization rate and the degenerative as poor quality feed can cause later gestation stage, feed intake is increased
cases, however, these have proven to be basis (dosage about 1:40)
fat content. miscarriage. to expand stomach capacity and meet piglet
just as effective. In addition, they can be can be replaced by processed oregano from been increasing again due to the worldwide
However, when the daily weight gain Dried fat and soybean oil should be nutrition needs. In the last stages of preg-
used up to the slaughtering day. Those an agricultural specialist shop, so that only a trend towards healthy food that is produced
hits a certain degree, greater energy intake added to the feed to improve the birth nancy, feed intake reduced to 1.5 kg so as
who implement these preventative meas- fraction of the amount is required. The costs in an animal-friendly way, as well as the
does not ensure an increase in lean meat. weight and survival rate of piglets. Sows at to prevent constipation before parturition.
ures could save a lot of money: respiratory are of only a few cents. increasing yield pressure.
Greater or fewer trace elements may lead different pregnancy stages need different During the lactation period, sows may eat
disease not only counts among the most Methane is an odourless gas that is
to metabolic disorders, slow weight gain nutrition and feed intakes. Research shows less which causes weight loss and influences
frequent diseases, but also among those produced by microbiological degradation
speed, more feeds consumption and diseas- that in the early pregnancy sows need about lactation. So lysine should be added to the
that cause the most economic losses, since processes in the stomach of almost all mam- More InforMatIon:
es or death. So the amount and proportion 6 g lysine while in the later stages the lysine feed pellets so as to reduce weight loss of
they inhibit animal growth. mals. It is especially dangerous to the climate,
of amino acids, energy level, protein level intake is 15 g. Figure 2 shows the is the daily lactatingWebsite: www.dostofarm.com
sows, improve piglet weight gain
since it has about 23 times more greenhouse
and mineral elements should be considered. feed intakes of pregnant sows. rate, provide sufficient milk for piglets and
Appetite-stimulating effect potential than
In addition to use for infection preven- carbon diox-
tion, oregano has also proven itself to be ide. According
effective against constipation, flatulence and to the cal-
appetite. The latter is a Grains
loss of Deep Processing welcome culations by
side effect A Russiantreatment. It can be the
of the Milling Conference United
attributed to its aromatic properties, which Nations, the
February 4-7, 2014
intensify the flavour of the feed and thus harmful cli-
GFMT has been engaged by instinct. The effect mate effects
increase the feeding the Cereals-Mixed Feed-Veterinary
was 2014, which all be held in the All-Rusia Exhibition Centre by
Expositionobserved in will of the examined animal caused
(VVC) in Moscow from February 4-7, 2014, to deliver a one-and-a-
species. The effort is worthwhile from methane
an half-day conference on milling for feed manufacturers. livestock
economical point of view, since the from
It will be called the ‘Deep Processing Grains Conference’ and focus even
increased yields generally are opposed to farming
on feed manufacturing developments both in the mechanical and those
relatively low costs. exceed Die and roll re-working machines
In this context, there is also the use of of the entire
as to compliment mix rations (TMR). The transport
So oregano in totalthe exposition rather than compete with it, sec-
we intend to break this conference into three separate blocks so
homogeneous distribution system consist- tor.
that delegates can maximise their time in the exhibition halls while
managing to glean concentrated feeds pro-
still ing of basic anddevelopmental information from conference
vides the animals with of required com- Conclusion
speakers, says Roger GilbertthePerendale Publishers Limited,
publishers of simplifies animal maintenance.
ponents and Grain and Feed Milling Technology magazine. exam-
Although the mixture produced in the feed Cereals-Mixed
“This is an honour for us to be invited to join with the ples show
mixer improves the return per this it is not that
Feed-Veterinary Exposition to organiseunit, innovative program for cattle
without its problems in the summer. This on farmers today
Russian feed millers and nutritionists. We are calling is exhibitors to
due to fermentation processes specialists in which
consider proposing topics that they are in the rationand have they good
would animal's feed intake.
that reduce thelike to share with the audience. alternatives
“The conference itself with be in both English and Russian and will often
Added oregano acts against this: certain to the
a period of questions plant provoke
havecomponents of the and answers at theaend of each session,”
chemical reaction that he adds. the reheat- chemical com-
ing of will feed. The register prior to the event order to for
Delegates the be asked to aromatic addition also inpounds
ensure palatability of the feed and
increases thesufﬁcient facilities are made available. the treatment
of the three sessions animal's appetite. At of and will
Each thus increases thewill comprise three speakers eachdisease and
be the sameinto themes by species and processing by to type.
organised time, the stimulation of saliva- feed increase
Companies interested inconversionspeakers for theperformance.
tion improves feed proposing and animal program
health: saliva contains sodium (email@example.com)
should contact Roger Gilbert directlybicarbonate, It is not really Phone: +45 75 14 22 55 O&J Højtryk A/S
or Elena Belserova (firstname.lastname@example.org) Fax: +45 82 28 91 41 Ørnevej 1, DK-6705
which has an acid-moderating effect in the surprising that,
mail: email@example.com Esbjerg Ø
rumen. The required amount of oregano of all things,
CVR.: 73 66 86 11
administered in powder form is low. oregano com-
Grain feed millinG technoloGy
Grain feed millinG technoloGy
July - august 2013 | 17
July - august 2013 | 29
AD_o&j.indd 1 21/11/2012 15:08
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