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Photo of the motel 3 posters of the prints that are hanging in the motel. Caption. The new “Dickson Premier Inn”, adjacent to the Canberra Bicycle Museum, has reproduction prints of bicycles hung in the foyer, corridors and all the rooms.

Editorial The Canberra Bicycle Museum is wholly sponsored by the Canberra Tradesmen's Union Club. There is a collection of some 750 cycles, some old, some modern, but all interesting and different. 62 cycles are on display inside the Canberra Tradesmen's Union Club building where the public can view them free of charge. The Canberra Tradesmen's Union Club is trading 24 hours every day of the year at 2 Badham Street Dickson. This means that access to the bicycle museum is all day, all night, 7 days a week, and with no admission charge. Refreshments are also available at any time. The rest of the collection is kept in storage at 3 Rosevear Place Dickson. Twice a year part of the main display is changed to bring in some of the cycles from storage. This is open to the public on most Wednesdays, and some other times by appointment. Also at this location is the new Australian Cycling History Resource Centre. This research facility with books, magazines, posters, photos and cycling ephemera has been set up by funds again from the Canberra Tradesmen's Union Club. We are requesting information from members and the public relating to Australia‟s cycling history, cataloguing facts and records or racing and recreational use of the bicycle. Stories of exceptional feats, long tours, new cycleways and routes, new developments and technological changes in the bicycle, list of suppliers and bike shops. At present, enquiries will be dealt with on a limited basis. If I can answer the question on the spot, then I will do so. If I have to do some research, reading, looking, and spending time on it, then I will tell you and you have the option of then either coming in to do it yourself or to pay for a staff member to do it. To belong to the “Friends of the Bicycle Museum” there is a $10 per year subscription fee. A quarterly newsletter is mailed to 280 members. If you are a member, send along your business card and it will be included in 3 issues of the Newsletter. This is free advertising, but for members only. Advertisements for Wanted to Buy or For Sale are also free

to members. Please include an asking price in all For Sale ads. The second Wednesday of every month is Volunteers Day at the Resource Centre. Advice is appreciated on the dating of some of our early cycles. Help is required in searching for interesting articles, and keying in data on the library database. Complimentary morning tea will be provided. The Museum participates in community events whenever possible, so as to bring out the bikes and let more people see them. The Canberra Bicycle Museum is a member of – Museums Australia Inc, Australian Federation of Friends of Museums Inc, ACT Regional Studies Network, Australian Museums OnLine, Sports Heritage Register

Editor: Annemarie Driver Design and layout: Robert Tucker Printer: Aussie Print, Canberra City.

////photo Visitors from Taiwan The Canberra Bicycle Museum frequently welcomes overseas visitors. One such group recently was a delegation from „Giant‟, the bicycle manufacturer, in Taiwan. In their brief visit to Australia they covered Brisbane, Sydney, Canberra and Melbourne, making contacts with importers and retailers to promote their product. „Giant‟ already is a popular brand of bicycle here. They especially enjoyed their visit to the Canberra Bicycle Museum, being able to see the developments that have occurred in the bicycle over the years.

“Cycling Canberra” The Canberra Bicycle Museum is in the process of researching material to be collated for a book to be called “Cycling Canberra”. It is attempting to document the history of cycling in Canberra and district. Up till now there has been no publication of this type of material. We are seeking more information to include, have you a story to tell? It should relate to Canberra, including Queanbeyan, Yass, Cooma,

Braidwood. Barbara Edwards is the person to contact. Phone 02 6258 7571 Email: Dickson Premier Inn The Canberra Tradesmen's Union Club which is the major sponsor of the Canberra Bicycle Museum has recently completed building a motel. It is adjacent to the Canberra Tradesmen's Union Club , on the corner of Badham and Cape Sts Dickson. It is called the Dickson Premier Inn and is part of the Flag chain of motels. It has received the NRMA four star rating, 40 rooms, larger than most, some with spas and some with kitchenettes. There are special discounts offered for members of the Canberra Tradesmen's Union Club and members of the Friends of the Canberra Bicycle Museum. Make sure that your subscription is up to date. The décor is modern, with light ash timber furniture and fittings. The artworks are especially special. They are all framed with the same ash timber. Every print has a bicycle in it. There are prints in all the rooms, corridors and foyer. Most are reprints of early advertising posters. We were able to obtain these from the Burgwardt Bicycle Museum in New York USA and the Velorama Bicycle Museum in Holland. On display, there is also a fine example of a pennyfarthing. It is mounted on the wall over the stairs and can be seen from the reception area. This particular cycle is a reproduction model built by John Keay of Adelaide, South Australia. Virginia is the manager and the freecall number is 1800 658 262. Don‟t forget to mention that you‟re a member of the “Friends” and quote your membership number to receive a discount when booking.

Letters to the editor Pennyfarthing support brackets I am enclosing a photograph of a wall bracket that was used to hold a pennyfarthing. It depicted in one or more bicycle catalogues from the 1880‟s. I found it in the Spalding catalogue the other day. The bracket was screwed to the wall, and the hooked end of the rod encircles the head nut of a pennyfarthing. This rod is just long enough to support the bicycle from the side. So, instead of the bicycle leaning against the wall, with one grip touching the wall, the bike stands parallel to the wall, but does not touch it. I would like to park my bikes at an angle to the wall (ideally ninety degrees).The rod is not long enough for 90 degree parking. I will check it for other angles. Maybe I‟ll ask the maker to make some with longer rods. The plate has a cast W (for

Wheelmen). The maker is Jim Spillane, of Connecticut. It cost $50 plus shipping. Jack Castor, Arizona New Zealand tour We missed seeing you (Annemarie and Rod) on the Oamaru tour this year. It was 5 days this time and great fun. The weather was a bit colder than we would have liked but luckily no rain. I even managed to stay on the bike this time, even it I was the only one to walk down all the hills. Pip and Noel Sutherland, New Zealand Head badges I am a California bicycle collector who is looking for any Australian bicycle head badges or nameplates. A Malvern Star or any others would be great. Ever since the 1984 Olympics and seeing the Australian pursuit team riding Malvern Stars, I wondered why I had never heard of these bicycles ain. Finding the history of the company on your wen site was wonderful, as I‟ve asked about them for years. Thank you for having all this information available. Michael Teller. Email: Hobby Horse dating I visited the Camelford Museum taking along my own Hobby Horse to compare it with the museum one. It is identical save a few screw coverings and bolt heads under the frame. The wooden decorations, fluted shapes at front and rear are the same, as are the turned rear fork supports. The rear spindle on mine appears to be a nutted bolt, whereas the museum spindle is washered and peaned each end. John Middleton and I agree that my machine could be a later version that him. There are minor differences which seems as if the builder improved the finish slightly. (a) The carrying box has leather both sides of the lid (b) The main frame has a much longer single strip of metal under it, supporting the rider and wooden frame from breakages. The museum frame appears to have at least two repaired areas, and a much shorter metal support. (c) The small metal covers/guards of the rear hub, attached to the insides of the rear forks are more decorative on my machine. Since talking with John about the machines and reading the “Hub” ( 20 Feb 1897) comments, I‟m quite convinced the dating to suit would be 1819. Bill Haylor, West Sussex, England Update on Jack Pesch Since last seeing you, the shop in Brisbane has been sold to a builder, who is going to renovate the building to use for his own office, and the shed at the back for storage. Dad moved most of his stock to his suburban home, or as much as Mum would

allow. This takes all under his house, they have a high set house, and into two 5x4 metre garden sheds. A lot of the rest was dumped. He sold all the old scrap steel for scrap, all one and half ton of it. This consisted of old bike frames, wheels, rims, mudguards and chainwheels and cranks. A lot of the good stuff we sorted out and kept. At the moment I am going to do up an old Austral frame which I salvaged. I just need to get some transfers made, and then I can get the frame re-painted and then commence re-storing it. As you can imagine Dad will be involved as he has all the parts like BSA chainwheels and cranks, block chain, BSA pedals, Oppy handlebars, Brooks seat, cane wheels, and Airlite hubs. Colin Pesch (Jack Pesch‟s son), Manly ,Queensland Expert Columbia register We have had a few comments from American Wheelmen who saw the article on the Expert Columbia Register (News 30). We hope to do more with the register when we get more input from Expert owners. Jack Dizer, USA Editor: please send details of your Columbia cycle to John Dizer, 10332 Ridegecrest Rd, Utica NY 13502 USA. Jack Hepher I have moved to Mittagong, bigger premises for my bikes! New phone number is 02 48723358. Kack Hepher Alcon and Legnano Information wanted on Alcon Cycles of Sydney. Information wanted on Legnano , gents roadster type, possibly 1950's. Especially need a head badge and details of original equipment or swap. Roger Roy 02 62842717 Book Review by Ron Shepherd Chasing Rickshaws This wonderful book by Tony Weeler and Richard l‟Anson is full of colourful photos and stories of human-powered transport in Asia. They visited 12 cities and describe the hand-pulled rickshaws and pedalled tricycles they found. The pedal varieties are of three basic types, with the passengers either in front, behind, or at the side of the pedaller. Each city has its own characteristic design. Gradullay rickshaws and trishaws are being replaced by motorised tranpsort, so its great that these fascinating vehicles have been documented before they disappear. The book is not entirely comprehensive – it doesn‟t include the interesting variations in places such as Bandung, Kuala Lumpar and northern Thailand – but it is an excellent overview

and highly recommend. Published by Lonely Planet at a RRP of $45. Editor‟s note: I was given two copies of this book for Christmas. Santa knew I would like it.

Items of interest Unearthed by Peter Matthews of Ireland. These extracts are taken from “The Motor Cycle and Cycle trader” May 23, 1947 Tyre Shortage in Australia Shortage of cycle covers and tubes continues to affect retail sales of cycles in Australia, and complaints of the difficulty of securing replacements continue to be made. At Collie (Western Australia) one coal miner complained that he had, for some time, been riding to work on the rims of his cycle, while others had to strap their tyres with insulating tape. July 4, 1947 Continuing Tyre Shortage “Down Under” By an Australian Correspondent So serious has the position regarding cycle tyres and tubes become in Western Australia that at least two firms are now manufacturing tyres from ¾ inch rubber garden hose. Hose is cut to length, vulcanized to a circle and rolled on to the rim. These tyres are said to give fair riding comfort. Sales have been really good. Some dealers have been trying to overcome the shortage by purchasing tyres at retail in Melbourne and having them flown to Perth, but retail buying in the Eastern States is now no easy matter.

Australian frame builders We are compiling a list of Australian frame builders. It seems that there were many small company frambuilders. If you can fill in the blanks or add any more names to this list please let us know. Find the file framebuilders.xls


A sometimes-awarded medal, the occasional one day road race in Victoria, and a street in the Canberra suburb of Holt are the permanent reminders to the Australian public of Russell Mockridge. The promise of a new world standard velodrome for Melbourne, provides the opportunity to raise a permanent memorial to this great Australian cyclist.

In post-war Australia, one Australian cyclist stands out as having kick started our international success - the late Russell Mockridge. Others have come along and repeated the habit of strong performances on the track who go on to become world and Olympic champions but few have been more brilliant and it is doubtful that any are held in higher regard than Mockridge. Last year (1998), the 40th anniversary of his death passed without remembrance of this outstanding athlete and deeply moral man. Instead, international cycling has been plagued by drug scandals and elements of Australian cycling infected with personality politics. Against this darker side of the present it is perhaps, worthwhile to reflect upon the life of a man that Sir Hubert Opperman described as “the most versatile cyclist Australia had produced ... no other cyclist in his experience had been gifted with such a level of overall cycling talent”.

Born in Melbourne in 1928, Russell Mockridge did not fit the standard background of Australian cyclists; a sport at the time which was considered more of a working class religion than anything else. He was educated at the elite Geelong College, and on leaving school was in turn, a cadet journalist, a university student, and a candidate for the Anglican ministry, and abandoned each for cycling.

The 5 feet 11 1/2 inch, 12 stone 3, chronically near-sighted young man took up cycling with the Geelong Amateur Cycling Club in 1946. His first race, was also his first victory :- a 40 km, “out and back” club handicap, where he was given a second scratch mark. Club officials were aghast that the inexperienced young rider on an old bike, with the stems of his glasses held to his temples with white tape, had won. He would have also recorded fastest time, but no official was there to record it (they were still following the other riders)! It was in this race Mockridge made a remark which probably was the beginning of his career as a world class cyclist, when he said to those riding along with him, whether they would object if he went ahead on his own!

Within three weeks he was riding as a scratch marker and the wins started to accumulate. In an age when class division was still evident, Russell’s background was to earn him the early nickname of “Little Lord Fauntleroy”, and would become evident later in his career when he was pitted against working class heroes such as the world track title holder, Sid Patterson.

In the space of a few months, Mockridge had become a Victorian cycling sensation, riding his way to a string of victories including, the 109 km Melbourne to Castlemaine race against the State’s best riders. As an outstanding new talent, he was then selected in the Victorian team for the 200 km National road championship in Sydney’s Centennial Park. Having won his first Australian amateur road title in Sydney, he refused to come to the microphone to be honoured over a national radio network. He said he could not take the limelight, for he could not have won the title without the assistance of his brother Victorians.

His title win, and sensational sprint finish ensured his selection as a member of the Australian team to the 1948 Olympic Games in London. Two punctures ruined his chances in the Olympic road race and he was eliminated in the quarter finals of the 4000 metres team pursuit (with Jack Hoobin, Sid Patterson and Jim Nestor) on the track.

The misfortunes of London turned to victories at the 1950 Auckland Empire Games where he took Gold in both the 1000 metre sprint and the 1000 metre time trial, and a Silver in the 4000 metre individual pursuit. His time of 1 minute 13.4 seconds in the time trial was faster than that of the Frenchman Jacques Dupont who had taken Gold at the London Olympics.

A short-lived retirement followed (he had announced that he was to give the bike away to become a clergyman “I feel there is a lot more to this life than

riding a bicycle”, he had explained ), and within twelve months he had made his way through to the World Sprint Championship, only to go down to Italy’s Enzo Sacchi. Having collected five titles at the 1952 Australian Championships, Mockridge went on that year to set Europe alight.

In Paris he was again to meet Sacchi, his rival from the World Amateur Sprint Championships in Milan. He defeated the Italian three times. On Saturday, July 6, he won the Paris Amateur Grand Prix and the next day won the Open Grand Prix (beating the world professional champion, Reg Harris), becoming the first rider to win both the amateur and professional divisions of the Paris Sprints. His success so humiliated the professionals that the rules of the race were changed, barring amateurs for many years to come.

Against this backdrop of success, Russell was still unsure of his selection for the Australian Cycling Squad for the Helsinki Olympics. Now nicknamed after the crack express train of the same name, the “Geelong Flyer”, had refused to sign the Australian Olympic Federation’s fidelity bond, which demanded he remain amateur for at least two years after the Games. The AOF appeared intent on excluding him from the team. A public outcry ensued and another great cyclist (and local Geelong MHR), Hubert Opperman (“Oppy”) was to plead his case without result, in the Federal Parliament. Fortunately, the Mayor of Geelong, Bevan Purnell worked out a compromise between Russell and the AOF, with the time of the bond being reduced to one year.

After a late arrival in Helsinki, and equipped with a tandem that he and his partner Lionel Cox had to assemble themselves, Russell was to add two Gold Medals to the Australian tally in one afternoon! The tandem victory defied all odds - neither Mockridge or Cox had ridden together before. Indeed, Lionel Cox had never ridden a tandem before Helsinki. After coming close to losing the quarter final, when Russell slowed down having mistaken a line across the velodrome for the finish, the pair went on in the final to beat the pre-race favourites, South Africans Ray Robinson and Tom Shardelow. With one Gold Medal each in the musette, Mockridge and Cox then “swapped” events. Lionel Cox disliked the time-trial and Russell (who was entered for the 1000 metre sprint) swapped events with him. Russell took the Gold medal and in the process set an Olympic record time of 1 minute 11.1 seconds (1.6 seconds faster than the Italian Silver Medallist, Marino Morettini).

One year and one day after the expiry of his AOF fidelity bond, Russell turned professional and set his sights on the European pro circuit.

Taking a wrong turn 400 metres from the finish of the 240 km Grand Prix de Monaco resulted in him finishing 7th. However, he soon went on to win the Tour de Vaucluse. Having teamed up with veteran Australian rider Alf Strom, he began to collect prize money with places in six-day track events. In 1955, the Paris Six Day was run for the first time as a three man team event. An Australian team comprising Roger Arnold, Sid Patterson and Russell Mockridge easily defeated the French favourites at the Velodrome d’Hiver.

Two days before the start of the 1955 Tour de France, Russell crashed while training, injuring his knee and carving a 15 cm gash across his forehead. Two days later, in pain, he lined up at the start of the 3,830 km race. Three weeks later, he was one of only 60 out of 150 entrants to finish in Paris.

The return to Australia was to see him dominate the professional cycling scene for the next three years.

In 1956, he won the notoriously tough 260 km Melbourne to Warrnambool road race in the record time of 5 hours 47 minutes, 5 seconds. The time stood as a record for nearly 25 years. In 1957 he finished the “Warrny” in the fastest time and won the Sun Tour and the Tour of Tasmania. A further match race with the Italian world title holder, Enzo Sacchi took place at the Olympic velodrome in Melbourne during the 1957-58 track season. The judges gave Russell a narrow winning verdict. With the crowd still acclaiming, Russell dismounted, and, rushing over to the judges implored them to reverse the decision for, in his opinion, Sacchi had won by a bare inch. Sacchi left Australia under the firm conviction that Mockridge was the finest sportsman he had ever raced against in any part of the world.

1958 saw Russell win his third consecutive Australian 125 mile professional championship and the national 1000 metre pursuit and 5 mile titles.

The 225 km Tour of Gippsland started in Melbourne on the 13th of September 1958. Approximately 2. 1 miles from the start, at the Dandenong Rd / Clayton Rd intersection, a bus driver drove out into the on-coming scratch bunch. Aged 30, Russell Mockridge a man described as “Australia’s greatest all-round cyclist for all time”, was dead.

Russell Mockridge’s posthumous autobiography, “My World on Wheels” (completed by John Burrows), was printed in 1960. To those who own or aspire to own a copy, it is a much prized book - for example I know that my brother Peter, covets his copy. Over the years, it must be impossible to ascertain how many aspiring riders have been influenced by this book - in particular, the quote “Before you can learn to win a race you have to learn to finish it”. On cold Canberra winter mornings, I sometimes think of that quote when I contemplate catching the bus to work - the bike always leaves the garage! At the very least, and if only to preserve the Mockridge memory and to make him known to a new generation of Australian cyclists, the book deserves a reprint.

In the years since his death, how many new junior champions have been praised as offering “the prospect of a new Mockridge”? I have lost count of the number of times I have heard variations on this theme. The Mockridge legend remains powerful in the Australian cycling persona: - in places such as Geelong, young riders out training in the Barabool Hills or out the back of the You Yangs, will proudly tell you, “this, is where Russell Mockridge used to train”. Others will talk with similar pride of how they cherish the memory of having raced against him. Even so, Russ deserves more.

The commercial imperatives of modern sport may work against it, but in the absence of a fitting permanent memorial, the new Melbourne velodrome promised by the Victorian Government should be named after this inspirational cyclist and modest man. It remains to be seen how committed cycling officialdom and government is to achieving this simple task.

From the A.C.T. Folding bike ride The ride attracted some folding, portable and small wheeled bikes, leaving 10am for a 30km ride following the shoreline of Lake Burley Griffin. We stopped off at the old Kingston bus depot markets for lunch. On return to the storeroom, there was time for a look at the new Cycling Resource Centre. From the A.C.T. The OzHPV Canberra Challenge 98 By Peter Heal There is a strong group of HPV (Human Powered Vehicles) riders in Canberra. It's only a small group which has evolved over the past 9 or so years. Probably the presence of Wayne Kotzur and his frame building business in the area has had something to do with this as Wayne is a devotee of HPV‟s of the wheeled kind and for the past 9 years has had a major role in organising the ACT HPV Challenge. The Challenge has become an annual gathering of HPV enthusiasts from around Australia who come under the disguise of taking part m a competitions event but really just come to talk, eat, and breath HPVs for a weekend. This years event came together like always right at the last minute with the Canberra OzHPV members taking last minute obstacles on the run and each doing the job they were assigned in their usual (seemingly) efficient manner. OzHPV members generally fit in a ride between organising duties or give up their riding for the weekend to run the Challenge, something many participants don't realise me think . Friday night saw many rocking up from around country including Perth on Saturday morning there were something like 40 happy campers on site. Fine weather graced us for most of the Saturday which in Canberra with it's altitude and clear sky's means mega UV and sunburn for the unwary. This year there seemed to be an abundance of trikes of all types as well as a whole new batch of two wheelers from home builders Not a lot of thought or effort has been put into fairings by home builders which 1 find surprising but perhaps comfort is the main reason for riding a recumbent anyway. There was a fully faired Ian Humphries low racer for about 15 minutes using a Peter Heal fibre nose cone and corflute body but tins was removed after a few 6Okm. runs up and down the main straight showed not enough benefit considering the overall event, so it was hastily removed This left a solitary Zzipper front fairing and Peter Heal's front and rear fairings to promote the aero cause. There were enough different and interesting bikes around to keep every body enthralled. There were carbon fibre bikes, there were new recumbent tandems, there were front wheel drive bikes and there were trikes, trikes and more trikes Ian Humphries had put in a lot of work pre event to arrange for seven test trikes to be on site from Australian manufacturers namely Greenspeed (of course), MR Components, Freedom Tri Sled Ian had enlisted a team of HPV riders who were all somewhat the same height and after the events on Saturday, the trikes were put through their paces with riders swapping from trike to trike and doing cornering, coasting and general quality of finish assessments. This was my first time on a trike and coasting the back roller coaster hill at 60+ km. and not being able to use the brakes was "exciting" to say the least Ian's report on these tests is featured on the OzHPVweb site and apparently will be in some overseas rnagazines- well done Ian for getting OzHPV on the map. Saturday evening saw the Scout BBQ feast which was greatly appreciated. At about this point the locals nick off home leaving the campers in charge of the site. A significant thunderstorm rumbled through Canberra about

9.00pm making things interesting for the campers and washing gravel and debris on to the track. No major injuries were experienced, over the weekend although. there were some spectacular come offs in particular Harry Gordon's front wheel drive Roller Blade Bike skated off sideways m the 200 metre drags due to a lack of grip for the roller blade wheels on the damp bitumen. Robert Braunsthal also did a "specy" crash and slide in the water on the skid pan during the shopping race. A special thanks to The Canberra Tradesmen's Union Club & Canberra Bicycle Museum who were very kind this year again supporting the event and donating a significant sum of money towards the running of the Challenge and we thank them very much. Thanks also go to the many helpers who organise things like tents, timing gear, loud speaker systems , walkie talkies etc, etc. Do 1 need to list the individuals? Yes - Duncan Cleland, Chris Curtis Michael Carden Lindsay & Paul Segal Don Thomas. Next year is the 10th annual ACT HPV Challenge- will you be there?? PS: Bring a fairing!

From Canada SECOND ANNUAL OLD TIME BICYCLE RACES In Memory of Ted Harper WIN-DEL VELODROME, WINDHAM CENTRE, ONTARIO, CANADA by Larry Strung "Thank you very much for the splendid weekend, and I hope to see you all next year." Those were the parting words from Brian McRath. Little did Brian know how inspirational his words were, or how well they captured the spirit of this event. Brian, you see is 85 years old and still an active bike racing competitor. For his obvious enjoyment and infectious optimism, Brian was awarded a medal for “Person who most obviously enjoyed the weekend " Other award winners were Jennifer Gallegos for "Best effort - regardless of finishing position," even though she did shut down all of her competitors in the Pre-WW1 I handicap final; and Del Nichols for “Best display of Sportsmanship”- for freely sharing his bikes with fellow competitors. No awards were given for traditional 1st 2nd and 3rd placing in event races. Race commissar Keith Davidge administered the handicapping system. Such was his skill, and the integrity of the competitors (no sandbagging here) that many races had exciting-to-the-wire finishes. This year the High Bikes had the largest entry, with races divided into heats of 4 riders. The first heat was won by Steve Garden while the second race was dead heated between Ron Miller and yours truly. The high bike final was won by Steve from fan Kay and Ron Miller. As noted already Jennifer Gallegos won the Pre-WWI Racing Bike Final on her 1895 Minute Man, to the chagrin of Glen Norcliffe, who only just overcame 14 year old Ben Porath for 2nd Honor and prestige were restored to your author by winning the Pre- Final from lames Hopkins and Earnie Gallegos The Master's Riders Final saw crafty race strategy by Mike Barry defeat Allan Essery, with del Nichols 3rd. Ernie Gallegos leads Brian MeGrath, Jame Hopkins and the rest of the pack on the 1st tap of the Pre-WW11 final The Old Time Races were in conjunction with a regular Ontario Track league meet, so our riders were able to catch their breath while watching some of Ontario's finest track bike racers show their stuff. Most impressive was the performance of former world champ Gord Singleton. At 45 years of age, Gord appears to have lost little of his fitness or speed. In several of the modern bike races Gord was able to use his famous sprint to defeat much younger riders, including even the current Ontario

Sprint Champion. 1 think many competitors at this year's Master's Games are going to be in for a rude surprise! Saving the best for last, the races were again concluded with an Olympic pursuit. This year's format pitted six person teams composed of two high bikes, a vintage track bicycle, a master rider, and two modem track bikes. Again, Keith's handicapping skills produced a margin of victory of 1/8th of a second'. Beyond just the racing, a large part of the enjoyment of the weekend came from admiring the many bikes. Mike Barry brought a small portion of his impressive collection including road racers such as his '36 Umberto Dei '50 Bianchi, and '50 Willer Mike was able to give a history demonstration of the development of the derailleur with this display of bikes. More important than the bikes was the pleasant mix of people who attended- The young racers on the modern bikes showed interest and enthusiasm towards the old bikes and their riders. Ontario Track Champion Keith Thoreson again tried his hand at riding a high bike. He provided an ego boost to many high bike riders by posting a timed lap appreciably lower than the old hands. Ted Harper's widow, Brenda and son Ted were in attendance and genuinely seemed to appreciate the event. Ex-6-day racer Smokin' Joe Demaever regalled all with stories of yesteryear while other former racing stars such as Alien Essery Brian MeGrath, Peter Cridland, and Mike Barry showed that they are not yet ready to hang up the hat. Many people camped over Saturday night in order to participate in the ride to Deli for breakfast Sunday. This ride is fun because of its run what-ya-brung nature. Bikes varied form Ron's 1882 Andrews 56 inch Ordinary, through Mike's impressive 30‟s era road racers, all the way to a carbon fibre Colnago (owned by a member of the local modern bike club, the Silver Spokes). The objectives for the meet were met again this year, that is to be a casual weekend for friends to enjoy together, messing around with old bikes. Why not join the fun next year?

From South Australia CITY PARADE l 9th January by Alan Kloester This was no ordinary parade. (Pardon the pun) There were bicycles from early days through all sorts of weird and wonderful to the ultra modern. We were required to have a pass to be in the assembly area. We had to be at the correct spot at the precise time. We were told exactly where to stand in the formation prior to moving off. Forty five minutes of arranging and waiting. It was about 30.C and the assembly point was on a wide dirt pathway beside a park. The breeze swirled about gathering dust and flinging it amongst the parade participants. Sweat and dust. Still waiting. The crowd was far greater than the organisers had hoped for and continued to build up for the start of the first stage of The Tour Down Under, a bicycle race very similar to The Tour de France. This race had six stages and was the biggest and most spectacular of its kind ever to be held in Australia. Twenty of the greatest international riders in the world were among the field of 103. During the wait for the start, a young bloke, one of the 103 racers, approached me and had a friendly chat. 1 hardly recognised the lean lanky bloke but quickly realised he was Sean Sullivan from Evandale. Ah! a start! We're off! Marg Flaherty led with Len Clarke and Alan Miller on the second row, Michael Doube, Alan Kloester and Tony Cooper on the third row - all on penny-farthings. We look splendid, especially Cheryl

and Warren Edwards Cheryl on the c1883 Bayliss Thomas Thomas & Co. Victor Excelsior Tricycle and Warren, on his 1907 Dursley Pedersen, as we have never seen him before, immaculately dressed in a period suit. The parade lasted all of eight minutes and covered about 400 yards. After the parade we picked suitable vantage points and watched the main event. Reports from SA Port Adelaide Xmas Parade on 21st Nov by Alan Kloester Another perfect day for a parade. We assembled as wasusual before the change about, this being at the Kmart car park and headed for the wharf. A welcome visitor was Bruce hargrave from Euroa in Victoria, he even brought his own bike for the occasion! There were no animal depostis to dodge or kamakazi kids/clowns on roller blades, everything was looking good for a pleaseant parade. The pace of this year‟s event was slow in the extreme with members getting on and off the bikes numerous times. Unfortunately for Len Clarke, just prior to the start, a little kid ran into his wheel knocking him to the ground with bloody results to the good leg. Undauted, Len soldiered on and completed th eparade after nearly coming to gried a second time mid-parade. Sterling Apex Xmas Pageant on 27th Nov by Marlene Wigzell A chilly evening, but a large crowd attended the colourful procession welcome Fathe Christmas to Stirling. Alan Kloester and John Wigzell rode “pennies”, Cheryl Edwards propelled the 1884 Bayliss & Thomas tricycle, Warren casually rode a solid-tyred cross-frame safety, while I rode and walked my early Craig loop-frame bicycle. Kath Cooper joined our group on her tandem with a huge koala on the recumbent front seat. As always, the crownd wanted to see how the riders got on and off the highwheelers. Children scampering for thrown sweets werea constant hazard and caused Cheryl to brake suddenly at one point. Our participation was obviously appreciated by the organisers and spectators but, as Alan commented later, it is not a relaxing ride! The main street slopes downhill to the oval and riders need to concentrate on braking while waiving to the crowd. Representatives of the Pennyfarthing Cycle Club of SA also turned up for events at – St Kilda Tramway Museum Glenelg Jazz Festival Parade The Australia Day Parade. Tour Down Under Opening Parade in the City and in Strathalbyn Reports from USA ///photo Jack Dizer, 76, of Marcy; Tom Dizer, 49 and John Dizer, 14, all have completed a Century ride on antique bicycles at the National Wheelman Meet in Indianapolis. This is the first time three generations of the same family have completed an official Wheelman Century at the same time. Jane Dizer Holland, Clarence Holland, Bill dizer and June Dizer, all completed Quarter Centuries on antique bikes. Jane and Clarence Holland rode Oneita bikes, made by the Utica Cycle Company. The oldest bicycle ridden was an 1883 Expert Columbia and the newest a 1917 Oneita. All of the bicycles were restored by Jack and Bill Dizer.

Reports from Tasmania Representatives of the Velocipede Society of Tasmania attended the following eventsChristmas Parade in Launceston Gold Festeival in Beaconsfield

West Tamar Track Carnival Northern Districts Carnival Cyclist Breakfast for Bike Week in Launceston From Victoria Bob Cations organised pennyfarthing races at the Track racing series at Albury, Wangaratta and Bendigo. From Victoira A Visit to the Farren Collection, Melbourne. Norm Appleby organised one of Melbourne Bicycle Touring Club‟s best attended rides of the year – to view the Farren collection. Over forty people arrived by bicycle, and a dozen or so more by car. Paul faced quite a challenge, not only to fit all those folk into the workshop, but to tell them all about the collection. After a look at the bikes, there was the chance to ride them . Some people just get up onto a penny and ride it, others find it harder but, with the help of three energetic catchers, a large number of people had their first ride on a penny and several are likely to be back for the Heritage ride to get a bit more of it. For those not quite as bold, there was a wealth of tricycles, solid-tyred safeties and other interesting machinery to experience. Particular thanks to Paul for making the Club members welcome and working so hard to make it a good day. From Victoria Around the Bay in a Day – 210km. A team of five brave pennyfarthing riders gathered outside the motel on Beaconsfield Parade at 5am on 25th October 1998 – Rodney Bracken, Hans Jany, Ryan and Michael Sullivan (all from Evandale) and John Hennessy from Rutherglen in Victoria. There was a support crew of Janice Jany, Joanne Bracken, Joan Simms and Ian Bray. They set off in the company of 400 other cyclists, and the pennyfarthings looked impressive as they towered over little bikes with “Giant” emblazoned on the tube, whole peletons devoted just to tandems, gaggles of “laid-back” recumbents and all the colour that mixture of pedals and lycra can create. The ride‟s end was reached at 7pm, the banner was still up, and there were just a few more conventional cyclists who finished later than the highwheelers. It was a magnificent achievement by all five riders.

From W.A. 24 hour ride from article in Tasmania‟s Velocipedist Gary Clarke se the standard in October 1997, and planned another attempt the next October to try to better his distance. It appears that everything possible went wrong – the weather was bad, and the canola crop had come in early, so Gary‟s careful timing to avoid the arrival of delivery trucks to the silo area where he rides went badly astray. Not only was there a truck pulling in every five minutes but they left a liberal coating of canola oil in their wake, which coupled with the weather made conditions hazardous. As Gary‟s ride was being co-ordinated with a local telethon raising money for charity, there was no thought of putting it off. He was forced to retreat inside a storage area. The available circuit was only 445 metres around, and far too tight for the 58” wheel he had used last year. SO the 54” bike he had recently built for Dennis Bunn was brought out, and duly christened with canola oil.

Gary persevered, and lasted for the entire 24 hours, with a break of 3 minutes per hour. He covered a total of 393.9km, somewhat short of last year‟s effort, but raised a good amount for charity in the process, and reports that he came out of the ride in very good shape, considering. From New Zealand NEW ZEALAND HOSTS A PENNY-FARTHING BICYCLE EVENT by Gary W. Sanderson (USA) as reported in “The Wheelmen Newsletter” The city of Oamaru in New Zealand's South Island hosts an annual Victorian Fete including a 5-day Penny Farthing Bicycle Tour and the New Zealand Penny-farthing Bicycle Championship Races in November of each year. The spectacular 1998 event began with a 5-day tour highlands from beautiful Queenstown through the Otago highlands to Oamaru on the eastern coast. The ride followed much of New Zealand's Heritage Trail through the towns that originated in this country's cold rush era (1860-1890). We visited picturesque Arrowtown, Cromwell, Omaku St. Bathans. and Naseby. where townspeople told us bits of the areas colorful history. We stopped at local museums and stayed in small town hotel, and homes The distance traveled varied from 15 to 45 miles each day, supported by vehicles that carried all our baggage and riders with bicycles if needed. Food and drink was always available so none had to suffer from low blood sugar at any time. The camaraderie that developed among fellow travellers was as good as it gets. Thirty plus people took part in this tour including Wheelmen Jack Castor (AZ), Nolan Bay (CA), Steve Stevens (IL), Gary and Irene Sanderson (WI/NJ) Kathy Ham (Aust), Paul Farren (Aust) Nikki Armstrong (Aust) and Peter Matthews (Ire.) and they all want to do it again next year. Saturday, November 28, was race day in Oamaru with about 40 riders participating. The race course was six blocks long on streets in downtown Oamaru. Races included a straight line sprint, a slow race, a slalom. a veteran riders (over 40 years old), a ladies championship, a super veterans (over 60 years), a ladies championship and an open championship race. The races were exciting with some photo finishes, and the overall champion was Andrew Wegener from Brisbane, Australia on a bicycle he had built himself. The final event held on Sunday, Nov. 29, was the Tyne Street Grunter- to determine who could get to the highest point on the steepest street in town. After much struggling and grunting by the thirty contestants, John Davy from Christchurch, NZ, nosed out two lady riders, Charlie Farren of Melbourne, Australia, and Pip Sutherland of Christchurch, NZ, to take first place in this colorful event. The races provided excitement for the spectators, and a great deal of enjoyment for the contestants. The varied types of races provided opportunities for the young and the old, the fast and the slow, to participate. Racing was important to the Penny -Farthing bicycle riders of yesteryear, and the Oamaru proved again that a race program can add fun and interest to gatherings of Penny-Farthing riders in our time as well. One of the most interesting aspects of this event was the Penny Farthing bicycles themselves. Among the active riders only the machine ridden by Nolan Bay (a Gormly-Jeffrey) was an authentic antique. Most of the machines on the tour, and in the races were made by the riders or by today's custom builders such as Philip Levi (Edlee bicycles), James Spillane (Whitneys), Robin WIllan (Willans) etc. These machines are true to the early high bicycle tradition and their builders deserve our recognition for helping to keep this tradition alive. The Oamaru Penny-Farthing riders are already busy planning next years event. Anyone who enjoys riding their Penny-Farthing bicycle, and who wants to have a memorable (but affordable) experience should plan now to

participate in the 1999 Oamaru (New Zealand) penny-Farthing Bicycle Tour and Championship Races.

On back page, blurb is slightly different to last time. Please add the postage paid stamp and the return address The Newsletter of “Friends of the Bicycle Museum” is published by the Canberra Bicycle Museum. Send all address changes, membership renewals and newsletter material to Canberra Bicycle Museum, PO Box 498 Dickson ACT 2602 Australia. Deadline for material for the next issue will be the 30th April. Send self addressed and stamped envelope for photos and articles you wish to have returned. Advertisements are free to members, please including the asking price. Non-members pay $5. A sincere THANK YOU to all who have contributed to this edition of the newsletter. Annemarie Driver

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