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					  Capacity Building for the Rapid
  Commercialization of Renewable
         Energy in China

     Solar Water Heating Development

                    SN Srinivas
             23 August 2012, New Delhi
[inputs from Dr Butchaiah Gadde, RTS, UNDP, Bangkok]
                                    Outline
• Project background
• What did the project do to
  popularize Solar Thermal
 o Policy interventions
 o Technology interventions
 o Capacity building interventions
 o Awareness related
   interventions
• What are the possible
  replication aspects
• Conclusions
             CRE China project and its influence on Solar Water Heating   1
CRE project - Solar Water Heating Development
The three broad objectives under the
Project include:
• To create a more orderly market for high quality
   solar water heating products in China;

• To ensure future expansion of the SWH market;
   and

• To develop consumer confidence and
   awareness by identifying quality products that
   have been certified and tested.

The project will contribute to NDRC’s (National
Development and Roforms Commission) strategic
planning targets for SWH development call for an
installed capacity of 150 million m2 in 2010 and 300
million m2 in 2020.                                                            Conti…
                  CRE China project and its influence on Solar Water Heating        2
Solar Water Heating Development component
• The Project has responded to the industry requirement by
  including standards and certification issues during project
  implementation

• Prior to the Project, China had 10 standards for SWH. An
  additional four were developed as part of the Project.

• Standards cover both manufacturing processes and product
  performance

• In addition to standards, there are certification requirements
  for manufacturing processes wherein certification serves as
  the bridge between standards and testing.

            CRE China project and its influence on Solar Water Heating   3
      Overview of Solar thermal market in China
    • At the closure of the project: There were over 1,000 SWH
       manufacturers in 2007/08, now this number has increased
       substantially.
        o Where, more than 5,000 firms were active in the Chinese
            industry, and approximately 20 of these firms were active
            internationally.
    • Chinese manufacturers of solar water heaters produced 49
       million m2 of collector area in 2010.
    • There were about 168 million m2 solar water heaters being
       used in China by the end of 2010*.
*Source: http://www.solarthermalworld.org/sites/default/files/Presentation%20of%20Tao%20He.pdf

                    CRE China project and its influence on Solar Water Heating                   4
     Technical interventions of the Project
Physical Hardware and Pilot Projects
•   Established four National Testing Centers
    (three supported by the Project);
•   Established a national certification center
    and program for solar water heating products;
•   Achieved accreditation as national test centers for Wuhan and Beijing
    Test Centers.
Key project technical impacts
•   standards for SWHs have shifted from being based on components
    and single devices to being based on complete SWH systems
•   standards are continued to evolve, are enhancing the production of
    high quality SWHs and promoting the growth of the SWH industry in
    China
              CRE China project and its influence on Solar Water Heating    5
           Policy interventions of the Project
• Consolidation of project resources and focus on
    o   integrated national program of standards development, testing, and
        certification has led to a maximum impact
    o   its integration into the national solar water heating program was a major
        accomplishment
• The project intervention has advanced the time to develop the national
    standards and testing/certification procedures by at least 5 – 7 years
•   The Project was directly responsible for mandating SWH installation
    regulations, and also helped to develop regulations that mandate the
    installation of SWH systems in hospitals, department stores, schools
    etc.
•   The persistent challenges are
    o   The market is constrained by widespread dissemination of poor products,
        and after-sales service is an ongoing problem

                 CRE China project and its influence on Solar Water Heating         6
 Capacity building interventions of the Project
• Developed a Needs Assessment Report, covering: (1) needs for
  SWH standards; (2) needs for SWH testing; and (3) needs for
  SWH certification

• A training book Standards
  Training for SWH was
  published and training
  conducted with 50 SWH
  enterprises

• Several capacity building activities were carried out by the
  Project targeting certification and testing bodies, industry, and
  the general public.
               CRE China project and its influence on Solar Water Heating   7
Awareness related interventions of the Project
National certification program
• Developed promotion and media
   campaign to support the program

• It includes education of consumers
   and the public, and promotion
   of the Golden Sun Certificate
   product labeling system (products that pass certification).

• As on March 2006, 17 solar water heater manufacturing companies qualify for
   the certification process to display the “Golden Sun” label on their products
• The certification program has been widely acknowledged as building
   confidence to the consumer market.
• All these have greatly contributed to improve the final products quality and
   strengthening the orderliness of SWH manufacturing
                CRE China project and its influence on Solar Water Heating         8
            Possible Replication Aspects
• Interventions through CRE China project on Solar thermal
   o Establishment of standards
   o Established a national testing system
   o Established a certification and product labeling process, and technical
      advances,

      These have resulted in new levels of consumer confidence
      and market growth.
• Lessons learned
   o Consolidating Project resources and focusing on an integrated national
     program of standards development, testing, and certification allowed for
     maximum project impact. This was not in the original Project design.
   o The use of a multi-stakeholder consultation process is very effective in
     development of national standards and getting government and industry
     support.
              CRE China project and its influence on Solar Water Heating        9
                              Conclusions
• The project has helped to establish more stable quality in the SWH industry,
   but after-sales service continues to be weak.
• The project had strengthened the SWH market during a critical stage of
   market development
• Cooperation among Test/Certification Centers, and Industry: the project spent
   considerable time to improve interaction and cooperation between various
   stakeholders and setting up a joint engineering team
• The Beijing Test Center work has expanded as a result of the Project and
   emerged as a key lab for national scientific projects (during the period 2006
   to 2010)
• Financial Sustainability of Testing Centers: obtaining highly expensive testing
   equipment is a barrier in some of the testing centers
• Targeting the Rural Market: SWHs are still too expensive for many rural
   people to afford

               CRE China project and its influence on Solar Water Heating           10
                                                  Thank you

                                       For your kind attention




CRE China project and its influence on Solar Water Heating    11

				
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