CPR by MarijanStefanovic

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									Title: CPR

Word Count: 337

Summary: The emergency first aid protocol for an unconscious person on whom both
breathing and pulse cannot be detected is called cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). It
is a combination of mouth-to-mouth resuscitation and chest compressions. This kind of
mouth-to-mouth resuscitation was first described in the Bible, but it fell out of practice.
Drs. James Elam and Peter Safar rediscovered it in the 1950s. In the early 1960s, the
advantages of chest compression to help artificial circulation was discovered by Drs.
Kouwenhoven, Knickerbocker and Jude. Both mouth-to-mouth resuscitation and chest
compression were then combined to form modern CPR.


Keywords: CPR, CPR Classes, CPR Training, CPR Instructions


Article Body: The emergency first aid protocol for an unconscious person on whom both
breathing and pulse cannot be detected is called cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). It
is a combination of mouth-to-mouth resuscitation and chest compressions. This kind of
mouth-to-mouth resuscitation was first described in the Bible, but it fell out of practice.
Drs. James Elam and Peter Safar rediscovered it in the 1950s. In the early 1960s, the
advantages of chest compression to help artificial circulation was discovered by Drs.
Kouwenhoven, Knickerbocker and Jude. Both mouth-to-mouth resuscitation and chest
compression were then combined to form modern CPR.

CPR is usually taught to people who may be the only ones present in the crucial few
minutes before emergency personnel arrive. Lack of oxygen can cause permanent
damage to the brain or lead to death in less than eight minutes. Effective CPR helps
enough oxygen reach the brain and delay brain death. It allows the heart to remain
responsive to defibrillation attempts.

CPR has three basic rules: (a) the victim's airway must be open for breathing to be
restored. (b) Rescue breathing -- when the rescuer forces air into the lungs of the victim
by mouth-to-mouth resuscitation and (c) when rescue breathing alone is not enough and
chest compressions are needed to start circulation.

CPR acts as a substitute pumping to circulate blood when the heart cannot. All it does is
provide some amount of air and circulation to a victim, allowing more time for help to
arrive. The goal is only to maintain the circulation of oxygenated blood to the brain until
more advanced medical help arrives to provide advanced cardiac life support . It is not
the way restart the heart, a myth inaccurately portrayed by the media. Nor is it the
definitive treatment of cardiac arrest, as only 5% of victims regain regular heatbeat solely
by CPR . CPR is never guaranteed to save someone's life and should only be performed
when a person isn't breathing or circulating blood adequately. Whenever CPR is needed,
remember to first call for emergency medical assistance.

								
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