What is Education for_ - bemis by hcj

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									'What type of citizenship
education? What type of citizen?'

                  Henry Maitles
             Professor of Education
        University of the West of Scotland

7/31/2013         BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                        27 October 2011
             Citizenship: humanity
Never Again

‘I am a survivor of a concentration camp. My eyes saw what
   no man should witness. Gas chambers built by learned
   engineers. Children poisoned by educated physicians.
   Infants killed by trained nurses. Women and babies shot
   and burned by high school and college graduates. So, I am
   suspicious of education. My request is: help your students
   become more human. Your efforts must never produce
   learned monsters, skilled psychopaths, educated
   Eichmanns. Reading, writing, Arithmetic are important
   only if they serve to make our children more humane’.


 7/31/2013           BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                           27 October 2011
            Citizenship: democracy




7/31/2013         BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                        27 October 2011
   Citizenship: democracy and
   rights




7/31/2013   BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                  27 October 2011
            Citizenship: enterprise?




7/31/2013         BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                        27 October 2011
       Citizenship: social justice




7/31/2013      BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                     27 October 2011
            Citizenship: equality




7/31/2013        BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                       27 October 2011
      Citizenship: Islamophobia




7/31/2013    BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                   27 October 2011
     Education for citizenship:
     some impacting factors

 •   United Nations Convention on Children’s Rights
 •   Worries as to youth alienation
 •   Poverty
 •   ‘No such thing as society?’ or social inclusion
 •   Globalisation
 •   Devolution
 •   Europe


7/31/2013           BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                          27 October 2011
Citizenship: youth alienation




7/31/2013   BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                  27 October 2011
                 Why Citizenship?
                    Why Me?

            UK teens 'worst in Europe'




7/31/2013         BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                        27 October 2011
Youth alienation? mods and
rockers

                               riots




7/31/2013   BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                  27 October 2011
Youth alienation?: punks




7/31/2013   BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                  27 October 2011
UN convention on children’s
rights:
•   Article 12: ‘The right to freely express an opinion in all
    matters affecting him/her and to have that opinion taken
    into account’.

•   Article 14: ‘The right to meet together with other children
    and join and form associations’.

•   Article 29: ‘The right to an education which prepares
    her/him for an active responsible life as an adult in a free
    society’.

•   Article 31:   ‘The right to rest and leisure’.


7/31/2013               BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                              27 October 2011
                   Article 12 states that
                   children have the
                   right to participate in
                   decision making
                   processes that may
                   be relevant in their
                   lives and to influence
                   decisions taken in
                   their regard—within
                   the family, the school
                   or the community.

7/31/2013   BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                  27 October 2011
        Citizenship: rights and
            responsibilities




7/31/2013     BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                    27 October 2011
            Education for citizenship: fun




7/31/2013           BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                          27 October 2011
                Education for Citizenship: main
                           themes
                                       Skills
                                       •Critical thinking
Knowledge and
                                       •Ability to argue effectively
Understanding
                                       •Ability to challenge injustice
•Social Justice
                                       •Ability to act and participate
•Diversity
                                       in the community
•Globalisation
•Sustainability
•Peace and Conflict Values and Attitudes
                    •Sense of identity and self esteem
                    •Empathy
                    •Commitment to social justice
                    •Respect for diversity
                    •Tolerance
                    •Concern for the environment
                    •Belief that people can make a
                    difference
                         (OXFA
    7/31/2013             BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                                27 October 2011
   Education for Citizenship:
   butterfly or caterpillar?

 ‘Adding wings to caterpillars does not create
 butterflies - it creates awkward and
 disfunctional caterpillars. Butterflies are
 created through transformation’
               (Stephanie Pace Marshall (1996)


7/31/2013       BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                      27 October 2011
Implementing education for
citizenship in teaching: the cuts




 7/31/2013   BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                   27 October 2011
     Education for Citizenship:
         exam pressures




7/31/2013    BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                   27 October 2011
  Citizenship: Poverty and Educational
               Attainment

The research evidence
is that the best
correlation with educational
attainment is parental
Income.


              BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                    27 October 2011
            Better Values? Better Attitudes?
                 One World Programme

• All S1 (year 7) pupils (+ feeder primary pupils);
• All off timetable for 12 days;
• Active learning at its core;
• Days 1-2: ‘Learning for Life’;
• Days 3-7: ‘Citizenship in the Curriculum’;
• Days 8 and 10: UNICEF activities;
• Days 9 and 11: trips and workshops outside school
  relating to Scotland and diversity;
• Day 12: Holocaust and Genocide day.


7/31/2013           BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                          27 October 2011
            Better Values? Better Attitudes?
                  Findings 1: Equality




7/31/2013           BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                          27 October 2011
            Better Values? Better Attitudes?:
             Findings 2: Multi-Ethnicity




7/31/2013          BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                         27 October 2011
             Better Values? Better Attitudes?:
            Findings 4: Challenging Racism




7/31/2013           BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                          27 October 2011
            Better Values? Better Attitudes?:
                   Gender issues 4




7/31/2013          BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                         27 October 2011
            Better Values? Better Attitudes?:
                   Gender issues 3




7/31/2013          BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                         27 October 2011
            Better Values? Better Attitudes?
                    Gender issues 2




7/31/2013           BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                          27 October 2011
            Better Values? Better Attitudes?
                    Gender issues 1




7/31/2013           BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                          27 October 2011
            Better Values? Better Attitudes?
                      Conclusions

•   Overall, there is evidence of a general improvement in values and attitudes
    after the pupils undertook the initiative;
•   the two areas that may need some examination in terms of overall strategy are
    attitudes towards English people and gay people. Negative attitudes towards
    both are problematic and may not be challenged anywhere in a way that other
    aspects of discrimination are.

•   The gender issues are perhaps predictable from previous research from other
    places but are nonetheless stark. There is going to be no easy way to deal with
    this. Girls in this sample are not only outperforming boys academically but are
    displaying a more balanced and sophisticated social outlook in general.




7/31/2013                   BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                                  27 October 2011
Better Values? Better Attitudes?:
the research
Henry Maitles (2010): Citizenship initiatives and pupil
  values: a case study of one Scottish school's
  experience, Educational Review, 62,4 pp 391 – 406.

Henry Maitles and Erin McKelvie (2010): Why Does
  Wearing A Yellow Bib Make Us Different?: A Case
  Study of Explaining Discrimination in a West of
  Scotland Secondary (High) School, Journal for
  Critical Education Policy Studies, 8(1), 246-261.
http://www.jceps.com/index.php?pageID=article&articleID=183

7/31/2013          BEMIS Citizenship Conference:
                         27 October 2011

								
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