Docstoc

Treatment plans for the adolescent alcohol/drug problems

Document Sample
Treatment plans for the adolescent alcohol/drug problems Powered By Docstoc
					       Treatment plans for the adolescent alcohol/drug problems

Alcohol and drug addiction is the major health/law and order problem in the United States.
The substance use and its abuse had increased the risk of violence, injuries, HIV infection
and other diseases among youth and adolescents. Alcohol is the substance abused most
frequently that is followed by marijuana and tobacco. It is estimated that about 40% of high
school seniors reported drinking some alcohol and about 15% of adolescents have abused
marijuana and 13% of adolescents reported smoking cigarettes. In addition, there is an
increase in the illicit drug use or abuse of illegal drugs among adolescents in the United
States.

By the twelfth grade, about half of the adolescents have abused an illicit drug at least once.
The most commonly used drug is marijuana but adolescents are also using other substances
such as prescription medications, glues, aerosols in their homes. Therefore, there are many
strategies, factors that can help adolescents stay drug free and tailoring, and determining
the appropriate level of treatment for an adolescent is a big issue. In addition to factors
normally considered when placing individuals in treatment for a substance use disorder
includes the following issues:

   1. Inclemency of substance abuse,

   2. Cultural background,

   3. Presence of coexisting disorders and the treatment programs must also
      examine other variable such as age, level of maturity, and family and peer
      environment when working with adolescents.

The above-mentioned factors when once assessed and the problems understood the
treatment program is then matched with the adolescent for proper type of treatment in an
alcohol and drug rehab center. The researchers and the treatment professionals have found
it useful to characterize the adolescent substance abuse behavior on a continuum of
severity. The classification of Child and Adolescent Mental Diagnoses in Primary Care
(American Academy of Pediatrics, 1996) views substance use disorders as occurring on a
continuum that extends from the development variation of experimentation with substances
through the problem use to the disorders of abuse and dependence. The treatment plans
among adolescents must be adjusted to accommodate differences with respect to their age
factor. For instance, the treatment of 13-years old is not identical with that of an 18-years-
old. The gender factors also play an important part in the treatment plan and approach
adopted at various alcohol and drug rehab centers. Adolescent females for instance may
need more attention concerning family problems as it has been found that female
adolescent substance users have usually experienced severe parental rejection and sexual
or physical abuse. In addition, female adolescents’ often need highly specialized services
when they are pregnant or are parenting young women and these facilities are available at
some of the alcohol and drug rehab centers.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: Alcohol and drug addiction is the major health/law and order problem in the United States. The substance use and its abuse had increased the risk of violence, injuries, HIV infection and other diseases among youth and adolescents.