Unit 4_ Biblical reading

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					Ancient Greek for Everyone:
A New Digital Resource for
     Beginning Greek
          as taught at
   Louisiana State University
           Fall 2012
       Wilfred E. Major
   Unit 4: Biblical readings
   Ancient Greek for Everyone
• This class (Wednesday, October 10, 2012)
  – Unit 4 Biblical reading.
  – Be able to:
     • read the sentences aloud
     • parse each verb and noun (with article where it appears)
     • translate the sentences into English.
          Ancient Greek for Everyone
    • When King David is mourning the death of his rebellious son
      Absalom, David’s nephew Joab rebukes him for not valuing
      the lives of those who had just saved the kingdom, as if:

        οὔκ εἰσιν οἱ ἄρχοντές σου οὐδὲ παῖδες,
                                           LXX 2 Kg 19:7

σου (gen. sg.) your
         Ancient Greek for Everyone
    • When Job is suffering his painful losses, four friends visit and
      begin a dialogue with him. At one point Zophar emphasizes
      the suffering God brings upon the wicked, to which Job
      responds in part:

       ποῦ ἐστιν οἶκος ἄρχοντος; καὶ ποῦ ἐστιν ἡ σκέπη τῶν
       σκηνωμάτων τῶν ἀσεβῶν;
                                          LXX Job 21:28

ἀσεβῶν (gen. pl.) wicked
οἶκος (masc. nom. sg.) home                  σκέπη (fem. nom. sg.) shelter
ποῦ where?                                   σκηνωμάτων (gen. pl.) dwelling
     Ancient Greek for Everyone
• When three of Job’s friends give up trying to convince Job, the
  fourth, Elihu, speaks and says in part:

   πλήρης γάρ εἰμι ῥημάτων,
                                            LXX Job 32:18

                                          πλήρης (masc. nom. sg.) full
          Ancient Greek for Everyone
    • In 153 BCE, Jonathan Apphus, leader of a Jewish rebellion,
      receives a letter of nomination from Alexander Balas, who at
      the time was vying for the throne of the Seleucid Empire:

       Ἵστημί σοι τὴν ἀρχιερωσύνην καὶ καθίστημί σε ἐπὶ
       τῶν τεσσάρων νομῶν καὶ εἶναί σε τῶν φίλων τοῦ
                                         LXX 1 Macc. 11:57

ἀρχιερωσύνην (fem. acc. sg.) office of High Priest
βασιλέως (masc. gen. sg.) king                       σοι (dat. sg.) σε (acc. sg.) you
ἐπί to, for                                          τεσσάρων (gen.) four
νομῶν (masc. gen. pl.) city government               φίλων (gen. pl.) friend
Ancient Greek for Everyone
Ancient Greek for Everyone

   map of Judea
  under Jonathan
         Ancient Greek for Everyone
    • A statement of monotheism from the Book of Isaiah:

       μάρτυρες ὑμεῖς ἐστε, εἰ ἔστιν θεὸς πλὴν ἐμοῦ
                                           LXX Is. 44:8

ἐμοῦ (gen. sg.) me
θεός (masc. nom. sg.) god                           πλήν except
μάρτυς -υρος ὁ/ἡ witness                            ὑμεῖς (nom. pl.) you
          Ancient Greek for Everyone
    • Isaiah quotes God on the same theme:

        ἐγώ εἰμι ὁ θεός, καὶ οὐκ ἔστιν ἄλλος.
                                            LXX Is. 45:22

ἄλλος (masc. nom. sg.) other
ἐγώ (nom. sg.) I                              θεός (masc. nom. sg.) god
         Ancient Greek for Everyone
    • The Pharisees question the blind man after Jesus has restored
      his sight, and one point say:

       Σὺ μαθητὴς εἶ ἐκείνου, ἡμεῖς δὲ τοῦ Μωϋσέως ἐσμὲν
                                                           Jn. 9:28

ἐκείνου (masc. gen. sg.) that man (Jesus)       Μωϋσέως (masc. gen. sg.) Moses
ἡμεῖς (nom. pl.) we                             σύ (nom. sg.) you
μαθητής (masc. nom. sg.) μαθηταί (nom. pl.) student
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    • The names of the Apostles:
      τῶν δὲ δώδεκα ἀποστόλων τὰ ὀνόματά ἐστιν ταῦτα·
      πρῶτος Σίμων ὁ λεγόμενος Πέτρος καὶ Ἀνδρέας ὁ
      ἀδελφὸς αὐτοῦ, καὶ Ἰάκωβος ὁ τοῦ Ζεβεδαίου καὶ
      Ἰωάννης ὁ ἀδελφὸς αὐτοῦ,
                                        Mt. 10:2

ἀδελφός (masc. nom. sg.) brother
ἀποστόλων (gen. pl.) apostle       λεγόμενος (masc. nom. sg.) called
αὐτοῦ (masc. gen. sg.) his         πρῶτος (masc. nom. sg.) first
δώδεκα twelve                      ταῦτα (neut. nom./acc. pl.) these
          Ancient Greek for Everyone
    • The names of the Apostles continued:
      3 Φίλιππος καὶ Βαρθολομαῖος, Θωμᾶς καὶ Μαθθαῖος
      ὁ τελώνης, Ἰάκωβος ὁ τοῦ Ἁλφαίου καὶ Θαδδαῖος, 4
      Σίμων ὁ Καναναῖος καὶ Ἰούδας ὁ Ἰσκαριώτης ὁ καὶ
      παραδοὺς αὐτόν.
                                           Mt. 10:3-4

                             παραδούς (masc. nom. sg.) who betrayed
αὐτόν (masc. acc. sg.) him   τελώνης (masc. nom. sg.) tax collector
   Ancient Greek for Everyone
Next (Monday, October 15, 2012)
• Exam #2

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