Unit 5_ Biblical reading

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					Ancient Greek for Everyone:
A New Digital Resource for
     Beginning Greek
          as taught at
   Louisiana State University
           Fall 2012
       Wilfred E. Major
   Unit 5: Biblical readings
   Ancient Greek for Everyone
• This class (Wednesday, October 17, 2012)
  – Unit 5 Biblical reading.
  – Be able to:
     • read the sentences aloud
     • parse each verb, noun and pronoun
     • translate the sentences into English.
         Ancient Greek for Everyone
   • From a koine Greek translation of an ancient Jewish prayer:

       καὶ πτωχοῦ καὶ πένητος ἡ ἐλπὶς τίς ἐστιν εἰ μὴ σύ,
                                   Psalm of Solomon 5:11

κύριος Lord!                               πτωχοῦ (masc. gen. sg.) beggar
πένης -ητος ὁ poor man                     σύ (nom. sg.) you
     Ancient Greek for Everyone
• One of Job’s friends, Bildad, insists on the righteousness of
  God. Job counters that God destroys the righteous and wicked
  alike, and asks:

   εἰ δὲ μὴ αὐτός, τίς ἐστιν;
                                                   Job 9:24
          Ancient Greek for Everyone
    • At dinner, after Jesus forgives a woman’s sins, others sitting at
      the table ask:

        Τίς οὗτός ἐστιν ὃς καὶ ἁμαρτίας ἀφίησιν;
                                                          Lk. 7:49

ἁμαρτίας (fem. acc. pl.) sins                      οὗτος (masc. nom. sg.) this
     Ancient Greek for Everyone
• When the blind man reports that he was healed by Jesus,
  others ask him:

   Ποῦ ἐστιν ἐκεῖνος;
                                                  Jn. 9:12

                           ποῦ where?
         Ancient Greek for Everyone
    • The Pharisees question the blind man after Jesus has restored
      his sight, and one point say:

       Σὺ μαθητὴς εἶ ἐκείνου, ἡμεῖς δὲ τοῦ Μωϋσέως ἐσμὲν
                                                           Jn. 9:28

                                                Μωϋσέως (masc. gen. sg.) Moses
ἡμεῖς (nom. pl.) we                             σύ (nom. sg.) you
μαθητής (masc. nom. sg.) μαθηταί (nom. pl.) student
          Ancient Greek for Everyone
    • At Simon’s house, Peter answers a call from men sent by

    Ἰδοὺ ἐγώ εἰμι ὃν ζητεῖτε· τίς ἡ αἰτία δι’ ἣν πάρεστε;
                                                    Acts. 10:21

αἰτία (fem. nom. sg.) cause, reason
δι’ = διά because of                     ζητεῖτε (2nd pl pres indic act.) seek
ἐγώ (nom. sg.) I                         ἰδού Look!
          Ancient Greek for Everyone
    • Paul says he is unfit to be called an apostle,

        χάριτι δὲ θεοῦ εἰμι ὅ εἰμι,
                                                          1Cor. 15:10

θεοῦ (masc. gen. sg.) god                              χάρις χάριτος ἡ grace
          Ancient Greek for Everyone
    • Paul warns that God destroys anyone who destroys his temple:

       ὁ γὰρ ναὸς τοῦ θεοῦ ἅγιός ἐστιν, οἵτινές ἐστε ὑμεῖς.
                                                  1 Cor. 3:17

ἅγιός (masc. nom. sg.) holy                   ναός (mas. nom. sg.) temple
θεοῦ (masc. gen. sg.) god                     ὑμεῖς (nom. pl.) you
          Ancient Greek for Everyone
    • Paul urges Christians to take the helmet of salvation

    καὶ τὴν μάχαιραν τοῦ πνεύματος, ὅ ἐστιν ῥῆμα θεοῦ,
                                               Eph. 6:17

θεοῦ (masc. gen. sg.) god                     μάχαιραν (fem. acc. sg.) sword
          Ancient Greek for Everyone
    • From the Book of Revelation, a lamb that has:

        …κέρατα ἑπτὰ καὶ ὀφθαλμοὺς ἑπτά, οἵ εἰσιν τὰ
        [ἑπτὰ] πνεύματα τοῦ θεοῦ ...
                                               Rev. 5:6

ἑπτά seven                                κέρας κέρατος τό horn
θεοῦ (masc. gen. sg.) god                 ὀφθαλμούς (masc. acc. pl.) eyes
   Ancient Greek for Everyone
• Quiz #29 (Tuesday, October 23, 2012)
  – Parsing quiz: You will be given one or more sentences
    from the reading, with some nouns and verbs underlined.
    Parse the underlined words.
   Ancient Greek for Everyone
Next (Wednesday, October 24, 2012)
• AGE Unit 6: Prepositions

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