Unit 6_ Biblical reading

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					Ancient Greek for Everyone:
A New Digital Resource for
     Beginning Greek
          as taught at
   Louisiana State University
           Fall 2012
       Wilfred E. Major
   Unit 6: Biblical readings
            Elementary Greek
• This class (Wednesday, October 31, 2012)
  – Unit 6 Biblical reading.
  – Be able to:
     • read the sentences aloud
     • parse each verb, noun and pronoun
     • translate the sentences into English.
                    Elementary Greek
    • When Jesus says the rich man cannot enter heaven, others ask
      him who can be saved, to which he replies:

       Τὰ ἀδύνατα παρὰ ἀνθρώποις, δυνατὰ παρὰ τῷ θεῷ
       ἐστιν.
                                            Lk. 18:27




ἀδύνατα (neut. nom. pl.) impossible        δυνατὰ (neut. nom. pl.) possible
ἀνθρώποις (masc. dat. pl.) human, person   θεῷ (mas. dat. sg.) God
                     Elementary Greek
    • Following interrogation by officials in Jerusalem, Peter and
      John pray and quote a Psalm:

         καὶ οἱ ἄρχοντες συνήχθησαν ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτὸ
           κατὰ τοῦ κυρίου καὶ κατὰ τοῦ Χριστοῦ αὐτοῦ.
        συνήχθησαν γὰρ ἐπ’ ἀληθείας ἐν τῇ πόλει ταύτῃ ἐπὶ
        τὸν ἅγιον παῖδά σου Ἰησοῦν
                         Act. 4:26-27, lines 1-2 quoting Ps. 2:2

ἅγιον (mas. acc. sg.) holy         σου (gen. sg.) you
ἀληθείας (fem. gen. sg.) truth     συνήχθησαν (3rd pl. aorist indic. passive)
Ἰησοῦν (mas. acc. sg.) Jesus               “were gathered”
κυρίου (mas. gen. sg.) Lord        ταύτῃ (fem. dat. sg.) this
πόλει (fem. dat. sg.) city         Χριστοῦ (mas. gen. sg.) “anointed”  Christ
                      Elementary Greek
    • From Paul’s trial in Caesarea:

        μετὰ δὲ πέντε ἡμέρας κατέβη ὁ ἀρχιερεὺς Ἁνανίας
        μετὰ πρεσβυτέρων τινῶν καὶ ῥήτορος Τερτύλλου
        τινός, οἵτινες ἐνεφάνισαν τῷ ἡγεμόνι κατὰ τοῦ
        Παύλου.
                                                 Act. 24:1


                                                 Παύλου (mas. gen. sg.) Paul
Ἁνανίας (mas. nom. sg.) Ananias (a name)         πέντε five
ἀρχιερεύς (mas. nom. sg.) high priest            πρεσβυτέρων (mas. gen. pl.) elder
ἐνεφάνισαν (3rd pl. aorist indic. act.) inform   ῥήτωρ -ορος ὁ spokesman
κατέβη (3rd sg. aorist indic. act.) walk down    Τερτύλλου (mas. gen. sg.)
ἡμέρας (fem. acc. pl.) days                                     Tertullus (a name)
                     Elementary Greek
    • Paul closes a section of Romans:

       ὅτι ἐξ αὐτοῦ καὶ δι’ αὐτοῦ καὶ εἰς αὐτὸν τὰ πάντα·
       αὐτῷ ἡ δόξα εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας· ἀμήν.
                                                   Rom. 11:36




δόξα (fem. nom. sg.) glory                        πάν, πάντος τό all
                   Elementary Greek
   • Paul compares the parts of the body to the members of the
     Church. At one point, he imagines an ear saying,

       Ὅτι οὐκ εἰμὶ ὀφθαλμός, οὐκ εἰμὶ ἐκ τοῦ σώματος,
       οὐ παρὰ τοῦτο οὐκ ἔστιν ἐκ τοῦ σώματος.
                                                1 Cor. 12:16




ὀφθαλμός (mas. nom. sg.) eye                τοῦτο (neut. nom./acc. sg.) this
                    Elementary Greek
    • Paul says that Christians were previously under the law
      (νόμος), which served as educator (παιδαγωγός), but:

       οὐκέτι ὑπὸ παιδαγωγόν ἐσμεν. πάντες γὰρ υἱοὶ θεοῦ
       ἐστε διὰ τῆς πίστεως ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ
                                              Gal. 3:25-26




θεοῦ (mas. gen. sg.) God                      πάντες (mas. nom. pl.) all
Ἰησοῦ (mas. gen. sg.) Jesus                   πίστεως (fem. gen. sg.) faith
οὐκέτι no longer                              υἱοί (mas. nom. pl.) sons
παιδαγωγόν (mas. acc. sg.) educator           Χριστῷ (mas. dat. sg.) Christ
                    Elementary Greek
    • Paul discusses unity:

       εἷς θεὸς καὶ πατὴρ πάντων, ὁ ἐπὶ πάντων
       καὶ διὰ πάντων καὶ ἐν πᾶσιν.
                                                 Eph. 4:6




εἷς (mas. nom. sg.) one                   πάν πάντος τό all
θεός (mas. nom. sg.) God                  πατήρ, πατρός ὁ father
                     Elementary Greek
    • From the closing of Paul’s letter to the Philippians:

        τῷ δὲ θεῷ καὶ πατρὶ ἡμῶν ἡ δόξα εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας τῶν
        αἰώνων· ἀμήν.
                                                 Phil. 4:20




δόξα (fem. nom. sg.) glory                         ἡμῶν (gen. pl.) us
θεῷ (mas. dat. sg.) God                            πατήρ, πατρός ὁ father
                  Elementary Greek
   • In prison, Paul writes to the Colossians, saying,

       εἰ γὰρ καὶ τῇ σαρκὶ ἄπειμι, ἀλλὰ τῷ πνεύματι σὺν
       ὑμῖν εἰμι…
                                                Col. 2:5




ἄπειμι = ἀπό + εἰμι
σάρξ σαρκός ἡ flesh                                      ὑμῖν (dat. pl.) y’all
                   Elementary Greek
   • John on Christ:

       οὗτός ἐστιν ὁ ἐλθὼν δι’ ὕδατος καὶ αἵματος, Ἰησοῦς
       Χριστός· οὐκ ἐν τῷ ὕδατι μόνον ἀλλ’ ἐν τῷ ὕδατι καὶ
       ἐν τῷ αἵματι·
                                                 1 Jn. 5:6




                                        μόνον only
ἐλθών –όντος ὁ the one who came         οὗτος (mas. nom. sg.) this
Ἰησοῦς (mas. nom. sg.) Jesus            Χριστός (mas. nom. sg.) Christ
          Elementary Greek
• Next class (Tuesday, November 6, 2012)
  – Exam #3
                Elementary Greek
Exam #3:
1. Given two verbs from those in Unit 2, write all seven forms
   (14 pts).
2. Write out all forms of αὐτός -ή -ό (24 pts).
3. Write out all forms of τις, τι (12 pts).
4. Given sentences in Greek from the readings in Units 5-6,
   1.   Parse all underlined nouns and verbs (you will not be asked to
        parse words which were parsed in the notes to the readings).
   2.   Translate the sentences into English.

				
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