Theory Expert Review
¡ Brown’s Value Based, Holistic Model of
Career Choice and Satisfaction
¡ Hansen’s Integrative Life Planning
¡ Postmodern Approaches
After completing the lesson, the student will be able
¡ Demonstrate mastery in expert theory presentation.
¡ Describe the key constructs and assumptions of:
Brown’s Value Based, Holistic Model; Hansen’s
Integrative Life Planning; and Postmodern
Approaches to career decision-making
Learning Objectives (cont)
¡ Generate ideas about the practical application of
¡ Describe how elements of each theory has
influenced their personal life and career decision-
¡ Explain the benefits and challenges Postmodern
¡ Self-analyze their scores on a Life Values Inventory.
December 27, 1918 - October 25, 1988
¡ Polish-American social psychologist. He taught at
Michigan State University, the University of Western
Ontario, Washington State University, and the
University of Southern California
¡ Emigrated to the United States with his parents at
the age of seven
¡ Influences Brown’s later Career Development Theory
Milton Rokeach (cont)
¡ A relatively few "terminal human values"
are the internal reference points that all
people use to formulate attitudes and
¡ Measuring the "relative ranking" of these
values one could predict a wide variety of
behavior, including political affiliation and
¡ Values with high priority are the most important
determinants of choice.
¡ Values included in one’s value system are acquired
¡ Culture, sex, socioeconomic status influence
opportunities resulting in variations of values in
¡ Represents a significant shift from individualistic to
collectivistic views of career decision-making.
¡ Values form the basis for attributing worth to
situation and objects.
¡ “High functioning people” have well crystallized and
prioritized values.. Function levels can vary under
5 Things I would Remember about
¡ Values serve as standards by which people evaluate
their actions and others.
¡ Brown utilizes qualitative and quantitative data to
support his theory.
¡ Affective concerns should be address prior to career
5 Things I would Remember about
¡ How do elements of Brown’s theory contrast and
compare with previously present theories?
¡ I just want to be SATISFIED!!! How does this
compare or contrast with the “Protestant work ethic?
Hansen Integrative Life Planning
¡ Translatable into individual counseling
¡ Finding work that needs doing in changing global
contexts/Social Justice and Advocacy
¡ ILP represents emerging trend of collectivistic career
¡ Career professions both encouraged and viewed as
being agents of change.
¡ Integrates many if not most of life’s issues,
including spirituality. NCDA theme 2004
¡ Reflects womanistic/femenistic approaches that are
applicable to diverse cultures
Things I would remember about
¡ ILB is unique in its emphasis on mind, body, and
¡ How is the Role Construct Repertory Test similar to
¡ What would be the best way to describe ILP to a
¡ Narrative: A person’s story tells the story of their
past, present, and future.
¡ Contextualizing: Goal Specific & a means of
facilitating greater self-knowledge
¡ Constructivist: Cooperative alliances. career as self
-realization, growing experiences, and context