Docstoc

The Elements and Principles of Art_1_

Document Sample
The Elements and Principles of Art_1_ Powered By Docstoc
					BIG IDEA: The Elements and Principles of Design can be LEARNED,
STUDIED and PRACTICED.
ESSENTIAL QUESTION: How does an understanding of the
Elements and Principles of Design enhance the visual art experience?



    THE ELEMENTS
    AND PRINCIPLES
       OF ART
LESSON OBJECTIVES
Students will:
   Recognize  art as a representation of culture and
    thereby a primary resource when studying history
   Develop a basic understanding of art history from
    prehistoric to Neoclassic art
   Develop art criticism skills
      Consider HOW artists make art by learning the
       basic vocabulary of art criticism: the elements and
       principles of design
      Consider WHY artists make art by looking at art as
       a form of visual communication
   Analyze their own personal reaction to art works
THE ELEMENTS OF
      ART

   The building blocks
   or ingredients of art.
                              LINE
      A mark with length and direction. A continuous mark made on a
                        surface by a moving point.




                             Gustave Caillebotte
Ansel Adams
Pablo Picasso
                    COLOR
                    Consists of Hue (another
                    word for color), Intensity
                     (brightness) and Value
                     (lightness or darkness).




                Alexander Calder


Henri Matisse
ARTISTS USE DIFFERENT SYSTEMS OF
COLOR DEPENDING ON THE EFFECT
 THEY ARE TRYING TO ACHIEVE…


                      Color Vocabulary
                            •Primary
                           •Secondary
                            •Tertiary
                           •Analogous
                        •Complimentary
                            •Neutral
                          •Warm/Cool
VALUE

                The
             lightness
                 or
            darkness
            of a color.




MC Escher          Pablo Picasso
            SHAPE
                     An enclosed
                     area defined
                         and
                    determined by
                       other art
                      elements;
                    2-dimensional.

                        Organic



Geometric
                                  Joan
                                  Miro
Gustave Caillebotte
                                                    FORM
                                                    FORM
                                               A 3-dimensional object or something
                                                 in a 2-dimensional artwork that
                                                         appears to be 3-D




     For example, a triangle, which is 2-
     dimensional, is a shape, but a pyramid,
     which is 3-dimensional, is a form.



Jean Arp                                       Lucien Freud
    SPACE
  The distance or area between, around, above, below, or
                      within things.




        Foreground, Middle ground and
                                         Robert Mapplethorpe
         Background (creates DEPTH)

Claude Monet                            Positive (filled with something)
                                         and Negative (empty areas).
                TEXTURE




The surface quality or "feel" of an object, its smoothness,
roughness, softness, etc. Textures may be actual or implied.
Cecil
Buller
 THE ELEMENT SONG!!
Sung to the tune of “Baa Baa Black Sheep!

 Line, shape and color
 Value , form and space
 Texture, texture
 Are the elements in place?
THE PRINCIPLES
     OF ART
 B.E.C.R.U.M.P.!!
 What we use to organize the
      Elements of Art
                    B A LA NC E
 The way the
 elements are
  arranged to
create a feeling
of stability in a
     work.

                                  Alexander Calder
               Symmetrical Balance




           The parts of an image are organized so
              that one side mirrors the other.
Leonardo
DaVinci
Asymmetrical Balance



  When one
   side of a
 composition
    does not
  reflect the
 design of the
other and yet
still has equal
    weight.


James Whistler
EMPH       ASIS
                     The
                    focal
                  point of
                     an
                   image,
                  or when
                  one area
                  or thing
                   stands
                   out the
                    most.




Jim Dine                     Gustav Klimt
CONTRAST



                                     Salvador Dali
                 A large difference between two
                   things to create interest and
                  tension. CONTRAST creates
   Ansel Adams             EMPHASIS
           REPETITION
           REPETITION
           REPETITION
           REPETITION
           REPETITION
               creates
             MOVEMENT
                And
              RHYTHM
          A regular repetition of elements
           to produce the look and feel of
             movement or to MOVE the
Marcel    viewers eye around the artwork.
Duchamp
   Repetition,
Movement, Rhythm
   continued…
Where there is a sense
of movement in an art
  work, created by a
repetition of elements
  rhythm is created –
   almost like we can
hear a repetitive beat
of music when we look
     at a painting….



  Vincent VanGogh
UNITY/HARMONY

   When all the
   elements and
  principles work
together to create
 a pleasing image.




                     Johannes Vermeer
                A sense of unity
               can occur even in
               artworks that use
                more VARIETY.
                    The use of
                   differences
                  increases the
                visual interest of
               the work and can
                 actually add to
                  the harmony




Marc Chagall
      The          PROPORTIO
                           N
 comparative
relationship of
  one part to
 another with
respect to size,
 quantity, or
    degree;
   SCALE.



   Gustave
  Caillebotte
 Playing with
   SCALE
     Artists
   sometimes
deliberately use
    unnatural
 proportions or
scale to create a
mood, message
or special effect.
PAINTERS AND SCULPTORS ARE NOT THE ONLY ARTISTS
WHO USE THE ELEMENTS AND PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN.
GRAPHIC ARTISTS USE THESE “RULES” OF ART TO DRAW
OUR ATTENTION TO WHAT THEY WANT TO SELL…
PRIMITIVE CULTURES WHO WERE NEVER TAUGHT HOW
TO “MAKE” ART STILL SHOW EVIDENCE OF THE
ELEMENTS AND PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN. THEY ARE
UNIVERSAL….
YOUR ASSIGNMENT: PERSONALIZING YOUR ART
              JOURNALS
 Individualize! Personalize! Add
                                         You may come into my art room to
  pizazz! To your Art Journal!            work on Monday, Tuesday and
 Your cover must include:                Wednesdays after school or any
                                          MUHLtime you are not assigned
    Your NAME and ROLL
                                          elsewhere.
     NUMBER
                                         You may use any of the following to
    a composition that features          create your design:
     ALL of the 13 elements and
                                              Paint, marker or crayons
     principles of design
                                              Collaged pictures from newspapers,
 Personalize through image                    magazines, internet, personal
  choice, color design and                     collections
  embellishments                              Scrapbook papers, buttons, glued
 Neatness counts!                             embellishments
 In your journal, write a 1-2 page           A mix of different media
  explanation of your design,            You will be graded on your ability to
  describing your use of the              demonstrate your understanding of the
  elements and principles                 elements and principles of design, your
                                          skillful use of media and neatness!

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:0
posted:7/29/2013
language:English
pages:30