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BIG IDEA: The Elements and Principles of Design can be LEARNED, STUDIED and PRACTICED. ESSENTIAL QUESTION: How does an understanding of the Elements and Principles of Design enhance the visual art experience? THE ELEMENTS AND PRINCIPLES OF ART LESSON OBJECTIVES Students will: Recognize art as a representation of culture and thereby a primary resource when studying history Develop a basic understanding of art history from prehistoric to Neoclassic art Develop art criticism skills Consider HOW artists make art by learning the basic vocabulary of art criticism: the elements and principles of design Consider WHY artists make art by looking at art as a form of visual communication Analyze their own personal reaction to art works THE ELEMENTS OF ART The building blocks or ingredients of art. LINE A mark with length and direction. A continuous mark made on a surface by a moving point. Gustave Caillebotte Ansel Adams Pablo Picasso COLOR Consists of Hue (another word for color), Intensity (brightness) and Value (lightness or darkness). Alexander Calder Henri Matisse ARTISTS USE DIFFERENT SYSTEMS OF COLOR DEPENDING ON THE EFFECT THEY ARE TRYING TO ACHIEVE… Color Vocabulary •Primary •Secondary •Tertiary •Analogous •Complimentary •Neutral •Warm/Cool VALUE The lightness or darkness of a color. MC Escher Pablo Picasso SHAPE An enclosed area defined and determined by other art elements; 2-dimensional. Organic Geometric Joan Miro Gustave Caillebotte FORM FORM A 3-dimensional object or something in a 2-dimensional artwork that appears to be 3-D For example, a triangle, which is 2- dimensional, is a shape, but a pyramid, which is 3-dimensional, is a form. Jean Arp Lucien Freud SPACE The distance or area between, around, above, below, or within things. Foreground, Middle ground and Robert Mapplethorpe Background (creates DEPTH) Claude Monet Positive (filled with something) and Negative (empty areas). TEXTURE The surface quality or "feel" of an object, its smoothness, roughness, softness, etc. Textures may be actual or implied. Cecil Buller THE ELEMENT SONG!! Sung to the tune of “Baa Baa Black Sheep! Line, shape and color Value , form and space Texture, texture Are the elements in place? THE PRINCIPLES OF ART B.E.C.R.U.M.P.!! What we use to organize the Elements of Art B A LA NC E The way the elements are arranged to create a feeling of stability in a work. Alexander Calder Symmetrical Balance The parts of an image are organized so that one side mirrors the other. Leonardo DaVinci Asymmetrical Balance When one side of a composition does not reflect the design of the other and yet still has equal weight. James Whistler EMPH ASIS The focal point of an image, or when one area or thing stands out the most. Jim Dine Gustav Klimt CONTRAST Salvador Dali A large difference between two things to create interest and tension. CONTRAST creates Ansel Adams EMPHASIS REPETITION REPETITION REPETITION REPETITION REPETITION creates MOVEMENT And RHYTHM A regular repetition of elements to produce the look and feel of movement or to MOVE the Marcel viewers eye around the artwork. Duchamp Repetition, Movement, Rhythm continued… Where there is a sense of movement in an art work, created by a repetition of elements rhythm is created – almost like we can hear a repetitive beat of music when we look at a painting…. Vincent VanGogh UNITY/HARMONY When all the elements and principles work together to create a pleasing image. Johannes Vermeer A sense of unity can occur even in artworks that use more VARIETY. The use of differences increases the visual interest of the work and can actually add to the harmony Marc Chagall The PROPORTIO N comparative relationship of one part to another with respect to size, quantity, or degree; SCALE. Gustave Caillebotte Playing with SCALE Artists sometimes deliberately use unnatural proportions or scale to create a mood, message or special effect. PAINTERS AND SCULPTORS ARE NOT THE ONLY ARTISTS WHO USE THE ELEMENTS AND PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN. GRAPHIC ARTISTS USE THESE “RULES” OF ART TO DRAW OUR ATTENTION TO WHAT THEY WANT TO SELL… PRIMITIVE CULTURES WHO WERE NEVER TAUGHT HOW TO “MAKE” ART STILL SHOW EVIDENCE OF THE ELEMENTS AND PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN. THEY ARE UNIVERSAL…. YOUR ASSIGNMENT: PERSONALIZING YOUR ART JOURNALS Individualize! Personalize! Add You may come into my art room to pizazz! To your Art Journal! work on Monday, Tuesday and Your cover must include: Wednesdays after school or any MUHLtime you are not assigned Your NAME and ROLL elsewhere. NUMBER You may use any of the following to a composition that features create your design: ALL of the 13 elements and Paint, marker or crayons principles of design Collaged pictures from newspapers, Personalize through image magazines, internet, personal choice, color design and collections embellishments Scrapbook papers, buttons, glued Neatness counts! embellishments In your journal, write a 1-2 page A mix of different media explanation of your design, You will be graded on your ability to describing your use of the demonstrate your understanding of the elements and principles elements and principles of design, your skillful use of media and neatness!
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