BIG IDEA: The Elements and Principles of Design can be LEARNED,
STUDIED and PRACTICED.
ESSENTIAL QUESTION: How does an understanding of the
Elements and Principles of Design enhance the visual art experience?
Recognize art as a representation of culture and
thereby a primary resource when studying history
Develop a basic understanding of art history from
prehistoric to Neoclassic art
Develop art criticism skills
Consider HOW artists make art by learning the
basic vocabulary of art criticism: the elements and
principles of design
Consider WHY artists make art by looking at art as
a form of visual communication
Analyze their own personal reaction to art works
THE ELEMENTS OF
The building blocks
or ingredients of art.
A mark with length and direction. A continuous mark made on a
surface by a moving point.
Consists of Hue (another
word for color), Intensity
(brightness) and Value
(lightness or darkness).
ARTISTS USE DIFFERENT SYSTEMS OF
COLOR DEPENDING ON THE EFFECT
THEY ARE TRYING TO ACHIEVE…
of a color.
MC Escher Pablo Picasso
A 3-dimensional object or something
in a 2-dimensional artwork that
appears to be 3-D
For example, a triangle, which is 2-
dimensional, is a shape, but a pyramid,
which is 3-dimensional, is a form.
Jean Arp Lucien Freud
The distance or area between, around, above, below, or
Foreground, Middle ground and
Background (creates DEPTH)
Claude Monet Positive (filled with something)
and Negative (empty areas).
The surface quality or "feel" of an object, its smoothness,
roughness, softness, etc. Textures may be actual or implied.
THE ELEMENT SONG!!
Sung to the tune of “Baa Baa Black Sheep!
Line, shape and color
Value , form and space
Are the elements in place?
What we use to organize the
Elements of Art
B A LA NC E
The way the
create a feeling
of stability in a
The parts of an image are organized so
that one side mirrors the other.
side of a
design of the
other and yet
still has equal
Jim Dine Gustav Klimt
A large difference between two
things to create interest and
tension. CONTRAST creates
Ansel Adams EMPHASIS
A regular repetition of elements
to produce the look and feel of
movement or to MOVE the
Marcel viewers eye around the artwork.
Where there is a sense
of movement in an art
work, created by a
repetition of elements
rhythm is created –
almost like we can
hear a repetitive beat
of music when we look
at a painting….
When all the
together to create
a pleasing image.
A sense of unity
can occur even in
artworks that use
The use of
visual interest of
the work and can
actually add to
one part to
respect to size,
scale to create a
or special effect.
PAINTERS AND SCULPTORS ARE NOT THE ONLY ARTISTS
WHO USE THE ELEMENTS AND PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN.
GRAPHIC ARTISTS USE THESE “RULES” OF ART TO DRAW
OUR ATTENTION TO WHAT THEY WANT TO SELL…
PRIMITIVE CULTURES WHO WERE NEVER TAUGHT HOW
TO “MAKE” ART STILL SHOW EVIDENCE OF THE
ELEMENTS AND PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN. THEY ARE
YOUR ASSIGNMENT: PERSONALIZING YOUR ART
Individualize! Personalize! Add
You may come into my art room to
pizazz! To your Art Journal! work on Monday, Tuesday and
Your cover must include: Wednesdays after school or any
MUHLtime you are not assigned
Your NAME and ROLL
You may use any of the following to
a composition that features create your design:
ALL of the 13 elements and
Paint, marker or crayons
principles of design
Collaged pictures from newspapers,
Personalize through image magazines, internet, personal
choice, color design and collections
embellishments Scrapbook papers, buttons, glued
Neatness counts! embellishments
In your journal, write a 1-2 page A mix of different media
explanation of your design, You will be graded on your ability to
describing your use of the demonstrate your understanding of the
elements and principles elements and principles of design, your
skillful use of media and neatness!