The Elements of a Short Story Using “The Cask of Amontillado” by Edgar Allan Poe The Elements • When Writing a Short Story Remember the “5 W’s” – The Who – Characters – The What – Plot – The Where – Setting – The Why – Theme – The How - Mood The Who - Characters The characters/people in the story Characterization can be found through: Descriptions Age Social Class Clothing Character accounts What do they say? What do they do? How do others react to them? Poe's Characters Montressor Coat of Arms: “A huge human foot d’or, in a field of azure; the foot crushes a serpent rampant whose fangs are imbedded in the heel.” Your Turn! What other character are we introduced to? What do we know about him/her? Fortunato Montressor: “You are rich, respected, admired, beloved; you are happy, as once I was. You are a man to be missed.” The What – Plot The sequence of events in the story Poe's Plot • Exposition – Meet Montressor • Rising Action – Revenge Bait • Climax - Trapped • Falling Action – Bricklaying • Resolution - Buried Alive Your turn! Do you think I got it right? Can you change the location of the climax in the story? The Where - Setting • Where does this story take place? – Location • Real or Fictional • Climate – Time • Year • Time of Day • Season Poe's Setting The Carnival The Catacombs •Extravagant •Dark •Free •Dirty •Colorful •Frightening •Italian •Cold Tradition •Death •Anonymity Your Turn! Why does Poe use two completely contrasting settings in his story? The Why - Theme • Why is this written? What is it trying to tell you about life? • The theme is… – Main Idea – Message – Meaningful Bit Poe's Theme • Revenge – Montressor takes revenge on Fortunato for some untold slight. • Lasting Questions: – Is revenge justifiable? – Are there limits to revenge? Your turn! What other themes can you find in “The Cask of Amontillado”? The How - Mood • How does the writing make you feel? – The atmosphere – Adjectives – Descriptions Poe's Mood Dark Creepy Chilling Unsettling Disturbing Your turn! What are some other adjectives that can be used to describe the mood in the story? Your Turn! • Using these elements, create your own spooky story using the theme of revenge that is sure to chill and frighten even the bravest of souls! • Remember the “5 W’s” GO FORTH AND BE CREATIVE!
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