The Elements of Music Part Six: Texture Texture In music, texture is the number of individual musical lines (melodies) and the relationships these lines have to one another. There are three main types of musical textures: monophonic, homophonic, and polyphonic (they have historical origins). Monophonic Music that only has one melody line Examples: A vocal song with no accompaniment A single musical instrument playing a melody Many instruments playing the same melody Monophonic Example Example 1: Homophonic Music that has a single melodic line with accompaniment Examples Choral music in which the parts have mostly the same rhythms A song with accompaniment A single musical instrument or many musical instruments playing a melody which is supported by other instruments playing the harmony Homophonic Example Example 2: Monophonic/Homophonic Example Sometimes though, songs can have monophonic and homophonic textures Example 3: Polyphonic Music which consists of two or more independent melodic lines which sound at the same time Example Round Canon Polyphonic Example Example 4: Homophonic/Polyphonic Example Sometimes though, songs can have homophonic and polyphonic textures. Most often this occurs in classical music, but it does occur in pop music: Example 5: Putting It All Together Listen to the following musical example and make comments about the musical elements in your handout.
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