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Urban Design 3 Urban Components : Squares, streets, pedestrian street, Alley Squares • A town square is an open area commonly found in the heart of a traditional town used for community gatherings. • Most town squares are suitable for open markets, musical performance, political and other events Being centrally located, town squares are usually surrounded by small shops such as bakeries, markets, stores and also church or mosque and city hall, etc. At their center is often a fountain, well, monument, or statue. Historical and Religous Squares Vatikan St.Peters Square, Rome,italy Piazza del duomo, firenze, italy Piazza dei Miracoli, Pisa,italy Historical Monumental Squares Piazza del Popolo, Rome,italy Trafalgar Square, London, UK St.Petersburg Square, Russia Historical and Functional Squares Piazza del Compo, Siena, Italy The Palio di Siena is a traditional medieval horse race run around the Piazza del Campo twice each year, on 2 July and 16 August Market Squares Hauptplatz, switzerland Krakow Rynek, Poland National Squares Freedom Square, Kharkov, Ukraine Red Square, Moscow, Russia Streets Greek street-III.century BC-Porta Rosa-Velia-Italy • A street is a paved public thoroughfare in a built environment. It is a public parcel of land adjoining building in an urban context, on which people may freely assemble, interact, and move about. • The street is a public easement, one of the few shared between all sorts of people. As a component of the built environment as ancient as human habitation, the street sustains a range of activities vital to civilization. Its roles are as numerous and diverse as its ever-changing cast of characters. Pedestrian streets • pedestrian mall is the most common form of pedestrian zone in large cities. It is a street lined with storefronts and closed off to most car traffic Istiklal Street, Beyoglu,Istanbul La Rambla, Barcelona Alley • An alley is a narrow, pedestrian line found in urban areas mostly in older cities and towns in Europe which usually runs between or behind buildings. Alleys are often what is left of a medieval street network, or a right way or ancient footpath in an urban setting .
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