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					           Aligning the Goals of
           Preschool and K-12
  Dr. Susan Tave Zelman
      Ohio Superintendent of
              Public
            Instruction


National Governor’s Association
 Governors Forum on Quality
           Preschool
     December 15-16, 2003
    State of the State – Ohio
           Fourth-graders           Ohio He
                                             ad
           stumble on              Start
           proficiency tests       expand
                                           s to
                                  serve 2
                                          3,000
                                  children
     y     i ties
E arl rtun
       o
 O  pp velop ld’s
      De Chi
   to n g
      ou
     Y in         Goals 2000 plan: all
      Bra                                  ol
                  c hildren ready for scho
    Standards-Based Education in Ohio



•    Raise Expectations
•    Build Capacity
•    Focus on Results
Ohio’s Approach
• Standards
• Curriculum
  models
• Assessments
• Accountability
• Teacher Quality
Closing the Achievement Gap:
An Issue of Equity Access and
Opportunity
 • 63% of children under age five in out-of- home
   care (400,000 children)
 • 25% of children under age five living in poverty
   (100,000 children)
 • 6,000 licensed centers and 11,000 family child
   care homes
 • 50,000 staff with varying levels of competence
 • 42% yearly staff turnover rate
Readiness and Closing the
Achievement Gap
Readiness is the match between the
readiness of the child and the
environments that serve them.


                  (Kagan & Rigby, 2003)
Building an Early Learning
System for Ohio’s Young
Children
• Resources matter
• Teachers matter
• Curriculum matters
Raise Expectations:
Aligned Academic Content
Standards
             • Early learning
               standards now
               developed for
               pre-K in English
               language arts,
               mathematics,
               science and
               social studies.
             Aligned Standards:
             Continuum of Learning
Patterns, Functions and Algebra Standard
Pre-K – 2 Benchmark
B. Extend sequences of sounds and shapes or simple number patterns, and create and record
similar patterns.
Pre-Kindergarten              Kindergarten                  Grade 1 Indicators          Grade 2 Indicators
Indicators                    Indicators
•Identify, copy, extend and   •Identify, create, extend     •Extend sequences of        •Extend simple number
create simple patterns or     and copy sequences of         sounds, shapes or simple    patterns (both repeating
sequences of sounds,          sounds (such as musical       number patterns, and        and growing patterns), and
shapes and motions in the     notes), shapes (such as       create and record similar   create similar patterns
context of daily activities   buttons, leaves or blocks),   patterns. Analyze and       using different objects,
and play.                     motions (such as hops or      describe patterns with      such as using physical
                              skips), and numbers from 1    multiple attributes using   materials or shapes to
                              -10.                          numbers and shapes; e.g.,   represent numerical
                                                            AA, B, aa, b, AA, B, aa,    patterns
                                                            b,…
Raise Expectations: Aligned
Assessments

• Working to identify what would be a good
  standardized measure to be used in all settings
• School readiness screener: Indicator of how
  children are doing when they enter K
• ELLCO (Early Language and Literacy
  Classroom Observation) project: Assess child,
  program, and classroom environment
• K-2 diagnostics
Build Capacity of Aligned
System
•   Professional development in
    early literacy with
    Department of Jobs &
    Family Services so we can
    focus on language
    development and educare

•   Develop an early childhood
    literacy specialists network
    that mirror literacy
    specialists at K-3 level
Build Capacity
•   Investment in Preschool
    Teachers
     – Create tiered licensing
       system
     – Require Ohio teachers in
       state-funded preschool
       programs to have an AA
       degree by 2008
     – Pilot the North Carolina
       “teach model”
Build Capacity of Aligned
System
             • Universal Financial
               Project: Rick Brandon
             • Governor’s Blue
               Ribbon Task Force
               on Financing Student
               Success
Accountability
• Set statewide school readiness
  indicators for children: KIDS COUNT
  project
• Standardized preschool assessment
  in all settings
• K-2 diagnostics
BUILD-Ohio


             • Building a system of
               early education and
               care.
Policy Matters
•   State funded ECE
•   Child care subsidies
•   Licensing and accreditation
•   Professional development and
    compensation
•   ECE systems development
•   ECE standards and assessment
•   Facilities and capitol investments
•   Kindergarten quality
    Aligned Policies

Policy    Strategic Framework
Matters
                     School
                   Readiness
                   Indicators

           Universal
           Financial     BUILD-Ohio
            Project
   Challenge for Ohio
Creating the public and political will

				
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