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					  A Unique Approach to
  Problem Solving Skills with
  the Public Policy Analyst

Tech Ed
2010 Conference


April 13, 2010 10:30—11:30 a.m.
  A Unique Approach to
Problem Solving Skills with
 the Public Policy Analyst
             Presenter:


        James J. Carroll, Ph.D.
     Research Associate Professor
         Syracuse University
           Maxwell School
What does
a good car
mechanic have in
common with a
good physician?
Good car mechanics and
good physicians have to
        be good
   Problem Solvers
 The PPA Process:
1. Define the Problem
2. Gather Evidence
3. Identify Causes
4. Evaluate Existing
   Policies
5. Develop Solutions
6. Select Best Solutions
    What Do These have in Common?
e




                                                ng er
Terrorism                                    Hu
                 Ra  cism         Aci
                                        dR
                     ST                   ain
                 n ce D
           Vi ole           Teenage Obesity
    G un               ing
                W arm               ra cy
         ba   l              Illite
    G lo                                  ri me
    Po           Chil                   C
        llu           d Ab                   ids
            tio            use H       I VA         erty
                n                               Pov
    What Do They have in Common?

                  They are all
e




                  Social Problems
                  that your
                  students can
                  analyze and
                  solve using the
                  Public Policy
                  Analyst
The Public Policy Analyst (PPA):
               A Problem-Based
               Learning Tool
               Developed by

               Jim Carroll, Ph.D.
               Syracuse University
               Maxwell School of
               Citizenship and Public
               Affairs
Are Any of You
 Public Policy
   Makers?
   Public Policy is…
Any government action

legislative, executive,
         judicial
 Faculty Create Rules
 (public policies: legislative),
Enforce Rules (executive),
 and Interpret Rules
           (judicial)
    Which students do you mainly teach?



         Graduate Students
         Undergraduate Students
         High School Students (9-12)
         Elementary Students (K-8)
Have You Ever Used
Problem-Based
Learning?

 Yes
 No
      Workshop Overview
•Overview of Problem-Based
Learning
•Overview of The Public Policy
Analyst
•Using the PPA to Analyze a
problem
•Examples of WebQuests Using
the PPA
 “The principal idea behind PBL
  is that the starting point for
  learning should be a problem,
  a query, or a puzzle that the
  learner wishes to solve.”

Boud, D. (1985) PBL in Perspective. In “PBL in Education for the
  Professions,” D. Boud (ed); p. 13
“True learning is based on
    discovery guided by
   mentoring rather than
    the transmission of
        knowledge.”
        John Dewey
                 What are the Common
                      Features of PBL?
•Learning is initiated by a problem
•Problems are based on complex, real-world
situations
•All information to solve the problem is not
initially given
•Students find and use appropriate resources
•Students work in groups
•Learning is active, integrated and engaged.
 The PPA is a PBL tool used in…
Project TIPS (1999-2005): a $7M+
  USDOE Technology Challenge Grant
  (Bronx)
Project CRITICAL(2004-2010): a $3M
  Gifted Education Grant in Harlem
Project CHARACTER: a $3M Character
  Ed. grant in Harlem *2002—06) and
  a $3M grant in Yonkers(2008—
  present)
The PPA is a PBL tool used in…

Scaling-Up Project CRITICAL(2008-
 Present): a $3M Gifted Education Grant
 in Harlem
Project HISTORY: a $1.8M USED Teaching
  American History Grant for Central NY
Numerous NYSED Learning with Technology
  Grants in NYS (2002—present)
Let’s use the PPA to
analyze a problem in
most colleges:

Grade
 Inflation
   The PPA Process:
§ Define the Problem
§ Gather the Evidence
§ Identify the Causes
§ Evaluate Existing Policies
§ Develop Policy Solutions
§ Select the Best Solution
 Colleges award too many “A’s”


Strongly agree
 Agree
Uncertain
Disagree
Strongly disagree
PPA Step #1:Define the Problem
As faculty members at your
 college, you feel that too many
 students receive
“A’s” today
  compared to
  years ago.

You feel that Your College has
 Grade Inflation!
PPA Step #1:Define the Problem

Let’s share
some
  definitions
of the problem
from our
  groups
PPA Step #2: Gather Evidence

What type of evidence can you
gather to support your social
problem that your college has
grade inflation!


Go to Step #2
PPA Step #2: Gather Evidence

Let’s share
some evidence
of the problem
from our groups
PPA Step #3: Identify Causes

What are the causes or factors
 that contribute to Grade
 Inflation at Your College?

Go to Step #3
PPA Step #3: Identify Causes

 Let’s share some causes
 or contributory factors
 of the problem from our
 groups
PPA Step #4:Evaluate Existing Policy

Princeton recently enacted a policy to
  confront its grade inflation problem.
PPA Step #4: Evaluate Existing Policy


Since Your College does
 not have an existing policy,
 let’s evaluate Princeton’s in
 this video clip
www.udel.edu/inst/jan2005/facsenvideo.ram
PPA Step #4: Evaluate Existing Policy


 Let’s share some
 evaluations of the
 existing policy from our
 groups
PPA Step #5: Develop Solutions



State 3 public policy
 solutions for Your College’s
 Grade Inflation problem
#6: Select Best Solution
Select the best
 public policy
 solution for your
 college’s Grade
 Inflation problem
 based on
feasibility and
effectiveness
   Taking away his car is a policy with high effectiveness
   (for it solves the parking problem), but low feasibility for him
    EFFECTIVENESS
                    HIGH   MEDIUM   LOW

F
E
A
S
I
B
I
L
I       HIGH
T
Y




      MEDIUM




        LOW
Project TIPS
teachers use the
PPA with their
students through
incorporating it into
WebQuests
Any Questions?
     Jim Carroll, Ph.D.
  Syracuse University
        jcarroll@syr.edu
http://www2.maxwell.syr.edu/plegal/index.htm

				
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