1. What were the Crusades? 2. Why were the Crusades important for Exploration? 3. What was the Renaissance period? 4. What is mercantilism? 5. What is acculturation? 6. What is scurvy? 1. What were the Crusades? 1. From 1095 for the next 300 years – religious wars; Christians forced non-Christians out of Europe 2. Why were the Crusades important for Exploration? 1. Brought Eastern ideas, customs, knowledge, and products – desire to have Eastern things 3. What was the Renaissance period? 1. Interest in art and invention; 1450-1600 4. What is mercantilism? 1. Economic system to accumulate wealth – get raw materials > finished goods > sell for more than it cost 5. What is acculturation? 1. Cultural exchange 6. What is scurvy? 1. Disease caused by lack of Vitamin C; interaction with European and FN Things we are going to learn: •Why the French wanted to Colonize North America •How the trading companies operated. •Who is Samuel de Champlain? •Coureurs de bois Fortress - Is structure which is built to protect you from invaders. Alliances Is a union formed between two nations or groups. Habitant Refers to a farmer in New France. Samuel de Is responsible for creating permanent Champlain settlements in New France. Is called the “Father of New France”. Christianity Is the dominant religion in Western Europe and North America. Convent Is a part of the institution of the Catholic Church. • France was slow to begin colonizing other countries because it was busy fighting wars within Europe. • France tried to encourage its trading companies to establish permanent settlements, but the companies were only interested in making profits. • Trading companies were an important part of Mercantilism because they provided the mother country with Raw Materials. • The French were interested in Eastern Canada for its fur which they got from the Natives. • French Trading companies also sold finish goods to native people. He was granted a monopoly on fur trade in Canada. He wanted to protect his monopoly by establishing a permanent settlement near the mouth of the St. Lawrence River. Later they moved it to Port Royal, which proved to be poor location. Other French traders moved in and traded with the Natives. – see map on pg 28 A man named Champlain wanted to establish a settlement in the St. Lawrence valley where they would have better access to different native groups and furs. He build a large fortress and formed a trading and military alliances with the Huron people. After 1608, the Fur traded expanded greatly in New France, however the population did not because trading companies were interested in profits NOT colonization. • Called the Father of New France • He established a permanent settlement in Ste. Croix Island, Port Royal, and Quebec City. • Champlain was religious a believed was his responsibility to spread Christianity to the first people • Champlain was a navigator and mapmaker. • Champlain married Helene Boullee, but after a short stay in Canada she returned to France to live the rest of her life in a convent. The company of 100 Associates was granted a monopoly on the fur trade in New France. In return, the company was supposed to bring 4000 French Catholics to settle in New France over the next 15 years. Because of war with England, the company went out of business. The Company of Habitants took over the monopoly on Fur Trade. The company of habitants simply had to cover the cost of administering the colony and settlements.
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