Why Explore by yurtgc548


									1.   What were the Crusades?
2.   Why were the Crusades important for
3.   What was the Renaissance period?
4.   What is mercantilism?
5.   What is acculturation?
6.   What is scurvy?
1.   What were the Crusades?
     1. From 1095 for the next 300 years – religious wars; Christians forced
        non-Christians out of Europe
2.   Why were the Crusades important for Exploration?
     1. Brought Eastern ideas, customs, knowledge, and products –
        desire to have Eastern things
3.   What was the Renaissance period?
     1. Interest in art and invention; 1450-1600
4.   What is mercantilism?
     1. Economic system to accumulate wealth – get raw materials >
        finished goods > sell for more than it cost
5.   What is acculturation?
     1. Cultural exchange
6.   What is scurvy?
     1. Disease caused by lack of Vitamin C; interaction with European
        and FN
Things we are going to learn:

•Why the French wanted to Colonize North America
•How the trading companies operated.
•Who is Samuel de Champlain?
•Coureurs de bois
Fortress -     Is structure which is built to protect you from
Alliances      Is a union formed between two nations or

Habitant       Refers to a farmer in New France.

Samuel de
               Is responsible for creating permanent
  Champlain        settlements in New France. Is called the
                   “Father of New France”.

Christianity   Is the dominant religion in Western Europe
                   and North America.

Convent        Is a part of the institution of the Catholic
• France was slow to begin colonizing
  other countries because it was busy
  fighting wars within Europe.
• France tried to encourage its trading
  companies to establish permanent
  settlements, but the companies were
  only interested in making profits.
• Trading companies were an
  important part of Mercantilism
  because they provided the mother
  country with Raw Materials.
•   The French were interested in Eastern Canada for
    its fur which they got from the Natives.
•   French Trading companies also sold finish goods
    to native people.
 He was granted a monopoly on
  fur trade in Canada. He
  wanted to protect his
  monopoly by establishing a
  permanent settlement near the
  mouth of the St. Lawrence
 Later they moved it to Port
  Royal, which proved to be poor
  location. Other French traders
  moved in and traded with the
  Natives. – see map on pg 28
A man named Champlain wanted to
   establish a settlement in the St.
   Lawrence valley where they would
   have better access to different
   native groups and furs.
He build a large fortress and formed a
   trading and military alliances with the
   Huron people.
After 1608, the Fur traded expanded
   greatly in New France, however the
   population did not because trading
   companies were interested in profits
   NOT colonization.
•   Called the Father of New France
•   He established a permanent
    settlement in Ste. Croix Island, Port
    Royal, and Quebec City.
•   Champlain was religious a believed
    was his responsibility to spread
    Christianity to the first people
•   Champlain was a navigator and
•   Champlain married Helene Boullee,
    but after a short stay in Canada she
    returned to France to live the rest of
    her life in a convent.
The company of 100 Associates was granted
  a monopoly on the fur trade in New France.
  In return, the company was supposed to
  bring 4000 French Catholics to settle in New
  France over the next 15 years. Because of
  war with England, the company went out of
The Company of Habitants took over the
  monopoly on Fur Trade. The company of
  habitants simply had to cover the cost of
  administering the colony and settlements.

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