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					Dangerous situations for Children

   And what you can do to prevent and
               stop them
    Infants cry to communicate

• It is the only way they have to tell you they
  are hungry, tired, lonely, or needing a diaper
• Always check to see if the baby’s needs are
• Try to remain patient
        Infant Do’s and Don’t’s

• DO                         • DON’T
• Check the diaper           • Never, Never, ever
• Check to see if clothing     shake a baby to make
  is too tight                 them stop crying
• Check to see if the baby
  is too warm
• Take a deep breath
• Call someone you can
  count on for help
Other ways to soothe a crying baby

• Place them against your chest and rock back
  and forth
• Play soft music and dance with the baby
• Offer the baby a toy or rattle
• Talk to or sing to the baby using soothing
• Take the baby for a walk or a drive
     Dangers of shaking a baby

• The infant’s neck cannot support its head until
  approximately 3 months of age
• When shaken, the baby’s head will flop from
  side to side, resulting in the brain shaking
  inside the skull
• This results in broken blood vessels and
  damage to the brain that cannot be repaired
          Consequences of SBS
• Of babies that are shaken, 25% will die
• It is estimated that as many as 30% of injuries to
  children result from being shaken
• If a child survives being shaken, they will have serious
  injuries for the rest of their lives. The average age of
  victims is 6 months old.
• The statistics are not good for males. Over 60% of
  the SBS victims are male
• and almost 80% of the people who shake babies are
        Child Abuse & Neglect

• Neglect is a condition in which a child is not
  cared for properly
• Abuse is a condition in which a child is
  harmed intentionally
• There are various types of abuse:
   – Physical—involves hurting the child’s body
   – Emotional—damages the child’s self esteem
   – Sexual—when an adult has sexual contact with
             Signs of neglect

• The child is significantly smaller than average
  for their height and weight
• Missing a lot of school
• Taking care of adult responsibilities at home
• The child is always tired and/or hungry
• When the child is sick, they don’t get medical
• Consistent signs of poor hygient
       Signs of Physical abuse

• Unexplained bruising and/or burns
• Unusual shyness around others
• Sometimes substance abuse, truancy, or
  running away can be an indicator
• Odd explanations for bruising, burns, or other
       What should you do if you
         suspect child abuse?
• Contact an adult who can help you that you
• Contact the local police department or child
  protection agency
• Be prepared to give specific examples of the
  reasons you suspect abuse is occuring
      Signs of Emotional Abuse

• Speech disorders, such as stuttering
• Cruel behaviors to small children or animals
• The child isn’t developing at the same rate as
  other children (speech, motor skills)
        Signs of Sexual Abuse

• Children make comments that are
  inappropriate for their age and related to the
• Sudden decline in school performance
• Avoiding undressing or wearing extra layers of

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