yr 10 GCSE 4 training principles by dffhrtcv3

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									            STARTER TASK


1. List the five different components
   of fitness.
2. Give a brief explanation of each.




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     STARTER TASK ANSWERS
1.    Cardiovascular endurance – the system of
      blood pumping around the body.
2.    Muscular endurance – how long muscles
      can work at maximum levels without fatigue.
3.    Speed – the speed of limb movement or
      reaction to stimulus.
4.    Strength – the maximum force developed
      within a muscle during a single contraction.
5.    Flexibility – the range of movement
      possible at a joint.

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            PHYSICAL EDUCATION
               DEPARTMENT



             PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING




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            LEARNING OUTCOMES

     1. Know the key principles of training and
        associated elements.
     2. Understand the definition of each
        training principle.
     3. Know how they can be applied for
        different games activities.



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  PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING 1
ü To understand how the body responds to
  and adapts to exercise and training you
  should understand the concept of training.
ü The nature of any exercise workload must
  be accurately determined in order for the
  body to adapt.
ü Improvements are then made and illness
  or injury is prevented.


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   PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING 2
ü The type, intensity and duration of
  training are subject to several principles
  or guidelines.
ü These principles form the foundations of
  training programme design.
ü You need to understand the definition of
  each training principle and how it might
  be applied to different games activities.


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   PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING 3
Principles of Training.
ü Progression.
ü Reversibility.
ü Overload.
ü Peaking.
ü Specificity.


Remembered by the pneumonic P.R.O.P.S.


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 PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING 4
Progression.
ü For fitness to improve, training must follow
  a principle of progression.
ü This means the amount of overload
  attempted should be progressively made
  more difficult.
ü This is achieved by increasing any of the
  three elements of overload.


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  PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING 5
Progression cont.
Rate of progression will depend on:
ü Functional capacity.
ü Medical and health status.
ü Age.
ü Individual activity preferences.
ü Goals.
ü Individuals tolerance to current level of
  training.

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  PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING 6
Reversibility.
ü Adaptations (improvements) achieved from
  months of training are reversible.
ü Reductions in metabolic and exercise
  capacity can be noticed after only one to
  two weeks of detraining.
ü Fitness can decline by almost 10% per
  week.
ü Many training improvements are lost within
  several months.

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   PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING 7
Overload.
ü For training to have an effect on level of
  fitness the body must go through overload.
ü The body must be made to work harder
  than normal by increasing the workload it
  has to perform.
ü It should not be more than 5 to 10% of
  existing ability.
ü This is achieved by increasing the
  frequency, intensity, time and type of
  training.
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     PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING 8
Peaking.
ü It is important for peak performance to
  coincide with major events or competition.
ü Part of progression is meeting set targets.
ü Peaking is about ensuring that these targets
  are achieved at the correct time.
q Progression produces performance.
q Peaking produces performance at the
  correct time.

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    PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING 9
ü Peaking does not always occur at the correct time.
ü Very often an athlete may not perform well in a
  specific competition which they were expected to
  win.
ü They then may break a world record only days
  later.
ü This is an example of peaking at the wrong time.
ü Peaking at the right time is the aim of all athletes.
ü To achieve this training is broken into phases
  (periodisation).


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 PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING 10
Specificity.
ü Exercise is specific.
ü Specific training brings specific results.
ü The type of training undertaken must relate
  to the desired results.
ü Cycling is not the best training for a runner.
ü But opposing muscle groups need to be
  trained so some cycling may be good for
  the runner.
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                   TASK

List ways in which training principles
   may be applied in the following
   events:
1. Running (aerobic and anaerobic).
2. Football.
3. Cricket.


            Remember: P.R.O.P.S.
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