Revitalizing the CD Structure for Success

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					 Revitalizing the CD:
Structure for Success
 Disarmament Architecture
      and Outcomes
        Structure for Success
u The UN has hosted unprecedented
 levels of complementary,
 disarmament-related activity in
 recent months – from building
 support for a Middle East Weapons of
 Mass Destruction Free Zone to
 creating a binding treaty to regulate
 the global arms trade.
         Structure for Success
u This activity has raised public
  expectations that the UN can
  leverage measurable improvements
  in global security.
u It has also created structural and
  capacity challenges for both UN
  agencies and many diplomatic
     Structure for Success
u Engaged  participation by all
 diplomatic missions is essential
 to enhance the basic fairness of
 the UN system and improve
 prospects for broad
 implementation of disarmament
       Structure for Success
u We must ensure that current,
 hopeful levels of disarmament
 activity nurtured in large part by
 UNODA are matched by
 sufficient structural capacity.
        Structure for Success
u The UN’s legitimacy in the eyes of
 the world is tied closely to its
 successes on issues ranging from the
 elimination of stockpiles of illicit
 small arms to ensuring full
 participation by women in all
 disarmament-related processes.
       Structure for Success
u Inpursuing our own mandate,
 we have learned much about
 the inter-connectedness of
 disarmament activity and the
 skills available through many
 sources to meet those diverse
       Structure for Success
u We  especially affirm the
 extraordinary skills of
 disarmament stakeholders from
 all global regions able to
 contribute to shaping all aspects
 of disarmament policy and
        Revitalizing the CD
u The  CD has been a singular focus
  of concern voiced by many
  diplomats and NGOs.
u There is concern that the CD has
  become a ‘drag’ on what are
  otherwise strong indicators of
  disarmament-related progress.
       Revitalizing the CD
u Protracted stalemate in the CD
 carries the strong potential to
 further erode confidence in the
 UN’s ability to promote
 sustainable global security at the
 least possible level of armament.
       Revitalizing the CD
u On September 24, at the request
 of the Secretary-General, various
 state approaches to CD
 revitalization and eliminating
 stalemates were articulated.
       Revitalizing the CD
u Some   states merely reaffirmed
  the role of the CD as the single
  legitimate forum for multi-lateral
  disarmament negotiations.
u Others seemed to have crossed
  the line of viability, preferring to
  put the CD out of its misery
  rather than invest major
  energies in its revitalization.
        Revitalizing the CD
u The majority, however, vetted
 proposals to help energize the
 CD, including expanding
 membership, renouncing veto
 rights on procedural matters,
 and creating an ‘eminent
 persons’ panel to review and
 reform CD working methods.
         NGO Perspectives
u NGOs  have also put forward
 reform proposals, many of which
 have been captured in a
 document prepared principally
 by Ray Acheson of Reaching
 Critical Will and John Burroughs
 of the Lawyers Committee on
 Nuclear Policy.
          NGO Perspectives
u Many of these recommendations
 are currently under review by
 the international community.
 Three are particularly important
 for us.

u Thereis a need to integrate
 more civil society expertise into
 the CD, perhaps following the
 ‘Peaceful Uses of Outer Space’
 process used in Vienna.
       Revitalizing the CD
u We  also seek negotiations
 towards a nuclear weapons
 convention. If the CD is unable
 to successfully host this process,
 it could organize ad hoc
 committees to begin negotiations
 on the Convention and related
 issues (negative assurances,
        NGO Perspectives
u Finally,we support the idea of an
 ‘eminent persons’ panel with the
 caveat that ‘eminence’ does not
 necessarily indicate the presence
 of skills and commitment needed
 to assess the CD, suggest
 reforms, and ‘sell’ those
 proposals to governments.
       NGO Perspectives
u Ifthe CD is to survive and
 energize other disarmament
 activity, it will require much
 attentiveness and careful
 analysis. Diverse skills and
 ‘lenses’ on this work --beyond
 gravitas -- are needed.
       Revitalizing the CD
u Asthis board addresses its
 responsibility to ‘undertake a
 thorough review’ of issues
 raised on September 24, we
 urge you to continue to consult
 with a wide range of
 stakeholders from all global
         Revitalizing the CD
u Many stakeholders seem to want
 the CD to be fixed or abandoned.
 Many also understand that
 stalemate in the CD cannot be
 allowed to jeopardize the harvest
 of disarmament riches that are
 now available to us.
For More Information
Global Action to Prevent War
  866 UN Plaza, Suite 4050
 New York, New York 10017

   Reaching Critical Will
  777 UN Plaza, 6th Floor
New York, New York 10017

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