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Professionalism in Education - Amazon S3

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									             Professionalism in Education




            MORAL AUTONOMY, MORAL

            THEORIES AND APPLICATIONS



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            What is Professional Autonomy?



        n    Autonomy:
            n   the capacity to be in control of your own behavior.
            n   Might be influenced by externals but not control




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                 Personal Autonomy

        n   Personal autonomy involves consistent,
            conscious self-control by a stable set of beliefs
            and desires
        n   Personal autonomy occurs when we are
            controlled by an independent will with a
            stable, fairly consistent set of emotions and
            beliefs



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                      Minimal Autonomy

        n   Minimal autonomy:
            n   requires controlling prudential skills needed to
                evaluate the consequence of personal habits. Example
                smoking




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        Autonomous People

        n   To be autonomous people must have a qualitative understanding
            of the social nature of the moral options available to them.
        n   That is, they must be able to conceptualize boundaries between
            appropriate and extreme behaviors.
        n   Autonomous people are in control of their lives. They are free to
            choose their own values, life plans and principles. These should
            be linked to ethical and professional expectations.
        n   Intellect alone does not lead to moral wisdom. Emotional
            maturity is also required.
        n   Professional must understand why certain rules have intrinsic
            social value and instrumental values. That is, they are required
            for social order and as a means for shaping values, in alignment
            with professional requirements.



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                     Moral Autonomy

        n   Moral autonomy must refer both to an ability to live
            according to moral principles (rather than live only
            on the basis of desires), as well as an ability to
            authentically adopt or reject the principles after
            informed critical deliberations

        n   Authentic moral agents must not forget the logical
            requirements needed for a norm to be social.



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            Moral Autonomy: Condition 1

        n   The rules a morally autonomous person
            imposes on himself must also be authentically
            his; they cannot be slogans, picked up
            somewhere else.




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            Moral Autonomy: Condition 2

        n   A person is neither a moral nor a rational agent
            when he is forced to obeys someone else’s rules.




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            Moral Autonomy: Condition 3

        n    Moral autonomous people care about having moral
             values. They willingly critically evaluate their own
             introjected and learned moral values.
        n    Moral autonomy means to be governed by social
             principles that are self imposed because as a caring
             moral agent the chooser believes they are the kind of
             principles that would at least in principle be
             acceptable to other agents who are rational
             choosers of their own principles.


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                           Moral Autonomy
        n   This conception does not guarantee that the principles chosen will be the
            best available
        n   Morally Autonomous People (MAP) can make mistakes
        n   Also, MAP do not always win: (Socrates/Jesus)
        n   It only means the chooser is trying to be morally responsible and has the
            capacity to make the effort.
        n   Thus, morally autonomous efforts deserve our respect – the form of the
            behavior is morally admirable even if we disagree with the content of the
            choice made.
        n   We need to be cognizant of how our choices will affect the
            development of moral autonomy in all people when we intervene in
            one another’s lives or create new social settings.



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                  Moral Autonomy
        n We must be the change we wish to see.
          – M. K. Gandhi

        ü We   in formal education are the last
            hope of a better future!

        ü But    be liberated in the fact that we are
            just the workers/servants and not the
            Master!
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