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Please do not look ahead in this packet. Calculations Calculations Sizing a family farm for the 1780s. House and farmyard: ½ acre Kitchen garden (1/10 acre per person) _____ Pasture (one acre per large animal) _____ Hay (one acre per large animal) _____ Grain Crops (2 acres per adult male) _____ Woodlot – harvest 1/10 acre/year 25 year regrowth cycle _____ TOTAL: What size farm will be sold to settlers? Brainstorming/Notes Northern value: Evidence Elaboration ________________________________________________________________________ Citizen participation in 36 mile square counties All farmers within one day’s democracy horseback ride of county seat ________________________________________________________________________ Education valued Land set aside for education One section in each township 6 mile square townships set aside to support schools. ________________________________________________________________________ Rough social equality Land cheap and available Anyone could purchase 160 to all. Acres because the price was low and loans were cheap ________________________________________________________________________ Family was important The standard unit of land 160 acres was more than any for sale was a quarter- 1780s grain farmer needed. section. Farmers were expected to divide land between their children. Families could keep living in close proximity to one another. ________________________________________________________________________ Slavery The no-slavery clause Even though the area covered by the Northwest Ordinance was unsuitable for slavery, the prohibition had symbolic value.
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