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					Renaissance and Reformation     Section 2


          The Northern Renaissance
Renaissance and Reformation                       Section 2

               The Northern Renaissance
 Main Idea
 Renaissance ideas soon spread beyond Italy to northern Europe
 by means of trade, travel, and printed material, influencing the
 art and ideas of the north.
Renaissance and Reformation                                Section 2

             The Renaissance Spreads North
  Trade, the movement of artists and scholars, and the development of
       printing helped spread Renaissance ideas north from Italy.

         Trading Goods                           Trading Ideas
  • As cities grew, vast trading         • Northern Europeans traders;
    network spread across                  spread Italian Renaissance
    northern Europe                        north
  • Network dominated by                 • Fleeing violence, Italian artists
    Hanseatic League, merchant             brought humanist ideas,
    organization, 1200s to 1400s           painting techniques north
     – Protected members from            • Northern scholars traveled to
       pirates, other hazards              Italy, brought ideas home
     – Built lighthouses, trained ship   • Universities started in France,
       captains
                                           Netherlands, Germany
Renaissance and Reformation   Section 2
Renaissance and Reformation                                  Section 2

                         A Book Revolution
  Printing Press
  • Mid-1400s, Johannes Gutenberg perfected movable type printing
  • Result, one of most dramatic upheavals world has ever known

 Printed Word Available to More
 • Before only way to reproduce writing was by hand; long, painstaking process




  • Explosion of printed material quickly spread Renaissance ideas
Renaissance and Reformation                                  Section 2

                    Philosophers and Writers



   Desiderius Erasmus         Sir Thomas More            Christine de Pisan
  • Wrote of pure, simple   • More’s best-known        • Italian-born writer
    Christian life,           work, Utopia,              focused on role of
                              contains criticisms of     women in society
                              English government,
  • In Praise of Folly
                              society
  • Fanned flames of                                   • Championed equality,
    discontent              • Presents vision of         education for women
                              perfect, non-existent
                              society based on
  • Roman Catholic            reason
    Church condemned
    works
Renaissance and Reformation                            Section 2

           Shakespeare and His Characters
      William Shakespeare              Spread Renaissance Ideas

 • Many believe English playwright   • Use of language, choice of
   William Shakespeare greatest        themes made plays appealing
   writer                              even to uneducated

                                     • Plays helped spread ideas of
                                       Renaissance to mass audience

                                     • Focused on lives of realistic
                                       characters
Renaissance and Reformation                             Section 2

                               Artists

 Like literary counterparts, northern European
  artists influenced by Italian Renaissance
 • Adopted Italian techniques
 • Works reflected more realistic view of humanity
    – Italian artists tried to capture beauty of Greek, Roman gods in
      paintings
    – Northern artists tried to depict people as they really were
Renaissance and Reformation                            Section 2
                        Dürer and Others
 • 1400s, German artist Albrecht Dürer visited Italy
 • On return, used Italian techniques of realism, perspective
 • Oil paintings exhibit features unique to northern Renaissance
Renaissance and Reformation           Section 2
                     Flemish School

      Jan van Eyck
Renaissance and Reformation         Section 2

                  Pieter Brueghel
Renaissance and Reformation      Section 2

                  HANS HOLBEIN

				
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