Diction is word choice and phrasing.
It can be formal or colloquial.
Syntax is the sentence structure. A sentence
could be simple, compound, or complex.
The president’s State of the Union Address is
The words that people use talk to each other
The way that we talk to each other everyday
is considered formal diction.
Allusion is a passing reference in a work of
literature to another literary or historic work,
figure, or event, or to a literary passage.
The reference is not explained.
All the names in Song of Solomon are
“I am not a crook” is an allusion to President
Analogy is the comparison of a subject to
something that is similar to it in order to
clarify the subject’s nature, purpose, or
Some similes and metaphors are based on
analogies between qualities shared by the
subject and the thing to which it is compared.
1. Glove is to hand as monitor is to computer.
2. Surfs are to a king as earth is to the sun.
3. Furs were to North American aboriginals as
credit is to a shopper
These are all examples of analogies because
they are comparing one thing to something
else to give the reader a better