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					      AIR/NCES/NSF
 Summer Data Policy Institute

Postsecondary Sample Surveys
            Tracy Hunt-White, PhD
    National Center for Education Statistics
          Tracy.Hunt-White@ed.gov
                 202-502-7438




                    1
Purpose of the Session
• Overview of the postsecondary sample
 surveys
  – Description
  – Research questions
  – Who uses data
  • How to access our data
  • Newsflash
                    2
Our Research Agenda
• Generate a nationally representative portrait of
  students enrolled in postsecondary education.
  – Who are these students?
  – Where are they enrolling?
  – How are they paying for college?
     • Student, institutional, state and federal financing
  – What are they experiencing in the
    postsecondary environment?


                             3
Our Research Agenda

 – What outcomes are they attaining?
   • Educational awards
   • Labor market outcomes
   • Further education and training




                      4
 Our Research Agenda
-Understand antecedents/correlates of important outcomes.
          Inputs      Environments         Outcome




                           5
How We Achieve Our Goals

• Cross-Sectional Foundation
  – National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS)


• Longitudinal Workhorses
  – Beginning Postsecondary Students Study (BPS)
  – Baccalaureate and Beyond Study (B&B)
  – Postsecondary Education Transcript Study (PETS)




                          6
National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS)

• Purpose: Examine how students and their
  families pay for college.
   – Nationally representative sample of undergraduate
     and graduate students attending postsecondary
     institutions.
   Thus, we can…
     Examine the characteristics of students enrolled in all
     levels of postsecondary education.



                             7
National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS)

• Legislatively mandated data collection to make
  sense of the federal government’s $100B per
  year investment in financing students’
  postsecondary educations

• Heavily used by policymakers, analysts, and
  researchers to understand programs like the Pell
  Grant and the Stafford Loan



                        8
NPSAS Sampling Design
• Sampling occurs in two stages:
   üSample institutions - about 1/3 of all Title IV
     eligible postsecondary

   üSample students within institutions, totaling
     about 140,000 students
• Respondent data are weighted to represent
national estimates
      - 21 million undergraduate and 3 million graduate
      students enrolled in about than 6,800 institutions.


                           9
NPSAS Data Sources
l   Self-reported, web and telephone interview
l   Institutionally-reported data
    -- Attendance pattern (full or part-time), class level,
    degree program, major, GPA, tuition, demographics,
    financial aid

l   Other administrative data sources
    -- Central Processing System (FAFSA)
    -- National Student Loan Data System
        (Federal Loans, Pell Grants)
    -- National Student Clearinghouse
    -- IPEDS

                              10
NPSAS - Research Issues
 l   How do students and families pay for postsecondary
     education?
 l   How have costs and financial aid packages changed over the
     years?
 l   Why do some students receive more financial aid than other
     students from apparently similar backgrounds?
 l   How much have students and families borrowed to pay for
     postsecondary education?
 l   How do aided and nonaided students compare on total
     resources available for education and other expenses?
 l   What are the family characteristics of aided and non-aided
     students?


                                11
Chronology of Postsecondary Sample Surveys
   NPSAS:87


   NPSAS:90   BPS:90/92   BPS:90/94


   NPSAS:93   B&B:93/94   B&B:93/97   B&B:93/03   PETS


   NPSAS:96   BPS:96/98   BPS:96/01


   NPSAS:00   B&B:00/01


   NPSAS:04   BPS:04/06   BPS:04/09   PETS:09


   NPSAS:08   B&B:08/09   B&B:08/12   PETS:09


   NPSAS:12   BPS:12/14   BPS:12/17   BPS:12/19   PETS




                               12
Beginning Postsecondary Students (BPS)
Purpose: Describe the educational progress,
  persistence, degree attainment, and work
  experiences of first-time students during their
  1st year, 3rd year, and 6th year.
   – Follows a first-time freshmen cohort, instead of a
     grade/age cohort
   – Includes older students who delayed entering
     college
   – Includes freshmen at all types of institutions


                           13
BPS Cohorts
Base Year      3rd year        5th/6th year   8th year

NPSAS:90    à BPS:90/92 à BPS:90/94

NPSAS:96    à BPS:96/98 à BPS:96/01

NPSAS:04    à BPS:04/06 à BPS:04/09 à BPS:04/11
                                              (admin records)


NPSAS:12    à BPS:12/14 à BPS:12/17 à BPS:12/19



                          14
Why BPS
Primary analytic features--Information on . . .
  •   progress, persistence, and completion of
       undergraduate programs
  •   undergraduate indebtedness
  •   career entry for vocational program & degree
       completers
  •   Employment/unemployment patterns
  •   civic participation
  •   family formation



                           15
BPS Research Issues
•   What percentage of beginning students complete
    their degree within six years?
•   What are the factors associated with degree
    completion?
•   How is actual attainment related to aspirations?
•   How does overall persistence compare to persistence
    within individual institutions?
•   Are students who received a certificate or degree
    working in a job related to their major?



                             16
BPS Data Sources
  l   NPSAS
       – Institutional records
       – Education department financial aid records
       – Student interview (1st year)
       – Parent interview (1990 & 1996 cohorts)
  l   BPS
       – Student interview 3rd, and 6th year
       – Education department financial aid records
       – SAT/ACT test score matches
       – National Student Clearinghouse (2004 cohort)
       – Undergraduate transcripts (2004 cohort)


                           17
Baccalaureate and Beyond Longitudinal
Study (B&B)
Purpose: Provide information concerning
 graduate education, work experiences, and
 life after completion of the bachelor’s degree.
– B&B:93 cohort was followed up to 10 years after bachelor’s
  degree completion
– B&B:00 cohort followed up only 1 year later
– B&B:08 cohort will be followed at least 1 year & 4 years later
– Special emphasis on new teachers


                             18
B&B - Cohorts

Base Year   1 Yr Out    4 Yrs Out    10 Yrs

NPSAS:93 à BB:93/94     à BB:93/97 à BB:93/03

NPSAS:00 à BB:2000/01

NPSAS:08 à BB:08/09     à BB:08/12 à BB:08/18




                         19
Why B&B
Primary analytic features--Information on . . .
  • graduate school application, attendance, & progress
  • career development/progress for bachelor’s degree
   completers
  • special emphasis on new teachers-entry into the
   profession and career path
  • undergraduate and graduate indebtedness
  • civic participation
  • family formation

                           20
B&B Research Issues
l   How long does it take to complete a bachelor’s
    degree?
l   How much do students borrow to complete their
    postsecondary education?
l   Do bachelor’s degree recipients enter jobs related to
    their major field of study?
l   What percentage of bachelor’s degree recipients
    attend graduate school?
l   How do new college graduates who enter teaching as
    their first career choice differ from those who enter
    teaching later in life?


                             21
 B&B Data Sources
• NPSAS
   – Institutional records
   – Education department financial aid records
   – Student interview
   – Parent interview (1993)
• B&B
   – Student interview 1 year after graduating (every cohort)
   – Student interview 4 years after graduating (1993 & 2008)
   – Student interview 10 years after graduating (1993 cohort)
   – Periodic Education department financial aid record
     updates for graduate study
   – Undergraduate transcripts (1993 & 2008 cohorts)


                              22
Postsecondary Education Transcripts Study (PETS)
• What:
Gathers transcripts for all longitudinal study participants.
– For BPS students, all postsecondary transcripts from all
  institutions attended – regardless of persistence or completion.
– For B&B students, the baccalaureate transcript.

• Why:
– More complete picture of a students educational experiences.
– Detailed and reliable record of student’s academic history and
  performance
– Link between academic performance and outcomes.


                                 23
National Study of Postsecondary Faculty
Purposes of NSOPF
l   To provide national profiles of faculty and
    instructional staff in postsecondary institutions
l   To provide national benchmarks for faculty
    productivity and workload
l   To provide information on institutional policies
    and practices affecting faculty
-- Most recently conducted in 2004, on hiatus

                          24
NSOPF Design
Nationally Representative Samples of:

l   2- and 4-year public and private not-for-profit
    degree granting postsecondary institutions

l   Faculty and instructional staff in those
    postsecondary institutions




                          25
NSOPF Data Sources
Information Requested from Institutions

l   A list of all faculty and instructional staff

l   Completion of a questionnaire about
    institution policies and practices regarding
    faculty and instructional staff




                         26
NSOPF Topics of Interest
Institution Survey
   ― turnover rates
   ― tenure and retirement policies
   ― benefits and retirement plans
   ―methods for assessing teaching
    performance



                      27
NSOPF Topics of Interest
Faculty Survey
  ― background characteristics
  ― academic credentials
  ― workload/productivity
  ― employment characteristics
  ― compensation and benefits
  ― plans for the future
  ― job satisfaction

                    28
Who Uses Our Data
 •   Congress
 •   U.S. Department of Education
      –   Secretary’s Office
      –   Office of Postsecondary Education (OPE)
      –   Policy and Program Studies Service
      –   Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative
          Services (OSERS)
 •   General Accounting Office (GAO)
 •   Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
 •   Higher Education Associations (ACE, IHEP)
 •   Researchers/Grad Students


                            29
How to Access Postsecondary Sample Data
   l   QuickStats - http://nces.ed.gov/datalab/
        – Simple tables
        – Subset of variables (about 100)
   l   PowerStats - http://nces.ed.gov/datalab
        – Complex tables
        – All of variables (about 1,000)
   l   Restricted Data File
        – Record-level data (No personally identifiable info)
        – CD with electronic codebook & ASCII files
        – Need restricted use license:
           http://nces.ed.gov/statprog/instruct.asp


                                30
News Flash
 Link: http://ies.ed.gov/newsflash




                      31
Who to contact
 NPSAS       nces.ed.gov/surveys/npsas
             Tracy Hunt-White (tracy.hunt-white@ed.gov)
 BPS         nces.ed.gov/surveys/bps
       Matthew Soldner (matthew.soldner@ed.gov)
 B&B         nces.ed.gov/surveys/b&b,
       Ted Socha (ted.socha@ed.gov)
 PETS        nces.ed.gov/surveys/pets – coming soon
       Sean Simone (sean.simone@ed.gov)
 NSOPF       nces.ed.gov/surveys/nsopf
             Dan Heffron (dheffron@kforcegov.com)

                        32

				
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