Forest Trends Ownership_ Markets_ and Ecosystem Services

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					Wood-to-Energy Platforms:
Perspectives from the U.S. Forest Service



           Rob Doudrick, Director
  Resource Use Sciences, U.S. Forest Service
                 on behalf of
             Abigail R. Kimbell
          Chief, U.S. Forest Service
 ... to sustain the health, diversity, and productivity of the
nation’s forests and grasslands to meet the needs of present
                   and future generations ...


                              2
                Climatic disruptions

Temperature

Precipitation

Seasonality

Water storage/hydrology

Disturbance regimes

Species location/behavior ...


                                3
         Alaska forest dieback


                         Alaska yellow-cedar
                                (coast)




Black and white
 spruce (interior)


                     4
Increasing storm intensity


                    In 2005, Hurricane
                    Katrina damaged or
                    destroyed timber up to
                    100 miles inland.




             5
          Forest stressors

                           Wildland
                             fire
Drought




           Pests and
            diseases




                       6
IPCC drought projections
            (A1B scenario)




 Percentage change in avg. duration of longest dry
    pd., 30-yr. average, 2071-2100 vs. 1961-90
                         7
                   Drought and pests

Warmth and drought
 promote epidemics
 in forests.

Insect and disease
   epidemics are
   increasing in number
   and spreading
   rapidly.



                           8
                Insect invasions



                           MP
                              B




                                       Southern pine
                                          beetle



                                  S
                                   P
Mountain pine



                                  B
   beetle




                       9
           Drought, pests, and wildfires

• Warming and crowding
  increase fire severity in
  low- to mixed-severity
  fire regimes.

• Many large fires are in
  diseased and drought-
  stressed forests.




                              10
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment




               11
A new management environment




             12
 Strategic Framework for Addressing
           Climate Change

Foundational goals:        Structural goals:
• Science                  • Policy
• Education                • Alliances

              Action goals:
              • Adaptation
              • Mitigation
              • Sustainable operations
                      13
Forests: A Strategic Asset

• Energy security
• Environmental quality
• Economic opportunity




                   14
   Woody Biomass Utilization Strategy
• Goal 1: Build partnerships
• Goal 2: Develop science/technology
• Goal 3: Develop markets
• Goal 4: Facilitate reliable, predictable supply




                                 15
Coordinated resource offering
    protocols (CROPs)




              16
Economic recovery




        17
     Integrated biobased products
        and bioenergy approach
            Feedstock
            production
               and
           management
                                  • Research and development
                                  • Synthesis
                                  • Development of:
             Biobased     Harvest • options
Disposal     products       and     • strategies
                and       delivery • systems
             bioenergy
                                    • practices
                                  • Deployment
            Utilization
                and
                                  For sustainable goods,
            products
                                   services, and values

                            18
           The opportunity and potential




Feedstock             Conversion        Uses
                                        Fuels:
- Forest residues     - Manufacturing
                                        − Ethanol
- Hazardous fuel      - Cofiring        − Other liquid fuels
    treatments        - Combustion      − Hydrogen
- Short-rotation      - Gasification
     woody crops      - Hydrolysis      Electricity and heat
- Wood waste          - Digestion
-Conventional         - Pyrolysis       Biobased products
                                        – Composites
     forestry         - Extraction
                                        – Specialty products
- Mill wastes and     - Separation      – New products
     residues                           – Chemicals
                             19         – Traditional products
         Critical research
• Sustainable and economical forest
  biomass management and production
  systems for public and private
  ownerships
• Competitive biofuels and biopower
  conversion technologies and bioproducts
• Information and tools for decisionmaking
  and policy analysis

                   20
Caring for the land and serving people



     Healthy, resilient, productive forest ecosystems




                           21

				
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posted:7/23/2013
language:English
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