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					Issues in Standard-setting work

     Workshop on the Role of International Standards
in multilateral trade agreement, Geneva, 25 September 2006



             Tadatsugu Toni Matsudaira
          World Customs Organization (WCO)


                                                             1
                 Topics
n   Definition
n   Standardization
n   “Representability” in standard-
    setting
n   How to increase the sponsors?


                                      2
                   Definition
            -- WTO/TBT Agreement --
Document approved by a recognized body, that
provides, for common and repeated use, rules,
guidelines or characteristics for products or
related processes and production methods, with
which compliance is not mandatory. It may also
include or deal exclusively with terminology,
symbols, packaging, marking or labelling
requirements as they apply to a product, process
or production method.
                            (Annex 1 Paragraph 2)

                                                    3
                Definition
            -- ISO/IEC Guide 2 --
 “… The terms as defined in ISO/IEC
 Guide 2 cover products, processes and
 services. … Standards as defined by
 ISO/IEC Guide 2 may be mandatory or
 voluntary.”
                            (WTO Homepage)

“ISO/IEC Guide 2” is available at ISO,
charged at 154 Swiss Francs (CHF).
                                         4
                  Definition
            -- WTO/TF negotiations --
(T)he term "international standards"
shall be understood to refer [inter alia] to
[a selection of] standards, guidelines and
recommendations being parts of
International Conventions or Agreements
related to facilitating international trade
and administered by relevant
International intergovernmental
organizations.
                               (TN/TF/W/131)
                                               5
      WCO standards (examples)
n   HS Convention
n   WCO Data Model
n   Revised Kyoto Convention
n   Istanbul Convention
n   Immediate Release Guidelines
n   Time Release Study Guide

                                   6
            Standardization
n   In some cases, the sponsors are too few

n   Today’s 75% happiness vs tomorrow’s 100%
    happiness

n   Ownership of standards (the question of
    “representability” in standard-setting)

n   Needs to update vs implementation capacity

n   Insufficient capacity building


                                                 7
                  Sponsorship               (mixed picture)


     Successful
                                                      Developing countries

                   n    HS Convention (121)                   69%
                   n    Istanbul Convention (50)               42%

                   n    Revised Kyoto Convention (50) 34%

More efforts required
                                     +
     Not only the numbers but the balances of the members, e.g., in
     terms of geography and/or level of developments are also
     important in order to establish international standards.
                                                                         8
“You should change yours to mine”
                                   Country X’s welfare
      Low
                        Low ï                                               ð High
Country Y’s welfare ð


                                                          International
                        Status quo                        Standards
                                                          based on X’s

                        International                     International
                        Standards                         Standards
                        based on Y’s                      MRA
     High ï




                        (Situation can be not only cross countries but also cross sectors.)
                                                                                              9
                        Participation



      36%                           41%                          86%
                  56%                          69%                          74%




All 6 regions’ participation is secured.
Circle charts indicate the participation in the meetings (% to the total number
of the WCO).
Bar charts indicate the participation of developing countries (% to the total
number of attending countries).

                                                                                  10
          WCO standards evolution (not exhaustive)
                                      Standardization of                 Simplification and                Support tools for
     Harmonization of
                                         procedures                      modernization of                national TF initiatives
     coding and data
                                                                            procedures


HS Convention (2007)
                                       AEO Guidelines (2006)

                                Post-clearance audit Guidelines (2006)
       Data Model
Version 2.0 (Guide) (2005)                                                                             Diagnostic Framework*
                                                      ISCM Guidelines (2005)
                                                                                                           (Guide) (2003)
  Resolution on UCR and
Implementation Guide (2004)                                           ICT Guidelines (2004)
                                                                                                          Time Release Study
                                                                                                             (Guide) (2003)
 HS Convention (2002)                          Immediate Release Guidelines (2003)
                                                                                                         Benchmarking Manual
        Data Model                      Risk Management             Recommendation on                       (Guide) (2003)
 Version 1.1 (Guide) (2003)               Guide (2003)             the use of WWW (1999)

       Data Model                 Revised Kyoto Convention and its Guidelines(1999)
Version 1.0 (Guide) (2002)
                               Recommendation
HS Convention (1996)              on Pre-entry              Guidelines for Express
                              classification (1996)      Consignments Clearance (1993)

                                                 Istanbul Convention (1990)

                                                      Kyoto Convention (1973)
HS Convention (1987)
                                                       ATA Convention (1963)




                                            Convention establishing CCC (1950)           *Diagnostic Framework is a living document and
                                                                                         contains entire Customs themes, including 11 TF
                                                                                                                                   the
    3rd Generation: Use of international standards
                      -- TN/TF/W/131 --
n   shall use relevant international standards or parts
    as a basis

n   in addition, are encouraged to use regional
    standards

n   exception with rationale that must be accountable
    (to explain why not use them)

n   are encouraged to take part in standard-setting and
    managing work

n   WCO is listed in the annex
                                                          12
       For more information
         www.wcoomd.org
           www.gfptt.org
e-mail: tadatsugu.matsudaira@wcoomd.org




                                          13

				
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